Internet Shakespeare Editions

About this text

  • Title: Hamlet (Folio 1, 1623)
  • Editor: David Bevington
  • Textual editor: Eric Rasmussen
  • ISBN: 978-1-55058-434-9

    Copyright David Bevington. This text may be freely used for educational, non-profit purposes; for all other uses contact the Editor.
    Author: William Shakespeare
    Editor: David Bevington
    Peer Reviewed

    Hamlet (Folio 1, 1623)

    260 The Tragedie of Hamlet.
    And leads the will to desperate Vndertakings,
    As oft as any passion vnder Heauen,
    That does afflict our Natures. I am sorrie,
    What haue you giuen him any hard words of late?
    1005Ophe. No my good Lord: but as you did command,
    I did repell his Letters, and deny'de
    His accesse to me.
    Pol. That hath made him mad.
    I am sorrie that with better speed and iudgement
    1010I had not quoted him. I feare he did but trifle,
    And meant to wracke thee: but beshrew my iealousie:
    It seemes it is as proper to our Age,
    To cast beyond our selues in our Opinions,
    As it is common for the yonger sort
    1015To lacke discretion. Come, go we to the King,
    This must be knowne, wc being kept close might moue
    More greefe to hide, then hate to vtter loue. Exeunt.

    Scena Secunda.

    Enter King, Queene, Rosincrane, and Guilden-
    1020sterne Cumaliys
    King. Welcome deere Rosincrance and Guildensterne.
    Moreouer, that we much did long to see you,
    The neede we haue to vse you, did prouoke
    Our hastie sending. Something haue you heard
    1025Of Hamlets transformation: so I call it,
    Since not th'exterior, nor the inward man
    Resembles that it was. What it should bee
    More then his Fathers death, that thus hath put him
    So much from th'vnderstanding of himselfe,
    1030I cannot deeme of. I intreat you both,
    That being of so young dayes brought vp with him:
    And since so Neighbour'd to his youth, and humour,
    That you vouchsafe your rest heere in our Court
    Some little time: so by your Companies
    1035To draw him on to pleasures, and to gather
    So much as from Occasions you may gleane,
    That open'd lies within our remedie.
    Qu. Good Gentlemen, he hath much talk'd of you,
    And sure I am, two men there are not liuing,
    1040To whom he more adheres. If it will please you
    To shew vs so much Gentrie, and good will,
    As to expend your time with vs a-while,
    For the supply and profit of our Hope,
    Your Visitation shall receiue such thankes
    1045As fits a Kings remembrance.
    Rosin. Both your Maiesties
    Might by the Soueraigne power you haue of vs,
    Put your dread pleasures, more into Command
    Then to Entreatie.
    1050Guil. We both obey,
    And here giue vp our selues, in the full bent,
    To lay our Seruices freely at your feete,
    To be commanded.
    King. Thankes Rosincrance, and gentle Guildensterne.
    1055Qu. Thankes Guildensterne and gentle Rosincrance.
    And I beseech you instantly to visit
    My too much changed Sonne.
    Go some of ye,
    And bring the Gentlemen where Hamlet is.
    1060Guil. Heauens make our presence and our practises
    Pleasant and helpfull to him. Exit.
    Queene. Amen.
    Enter Polonius.
    Pol. Th'Ambassadors from Norwey, my good Lord,
    1065Are ioyfully return'd.
    King. Thou still hast bin the Father of good Newes.
    Pol. Haue I, my Lord? Assure you, my good Liege,
    I hold my dutie, as I hold my Soule,
    Both to my God, one to my gracious King:
    1070And I do thinke, or else this braine of mine
    Hunts not the traile of Policie, so sure
    As I haue vs'd to do: that I haue found
    The very cause of Hamlets Lunacie.
    King. Oh speake of that, that I do long to heare.
    1075Pol. Giue first admittance to th'Ambassadors,
    My Newes shall be the Newes to that great Feast.
    King. Thy selfe do grace to them, and bring them in.
    He tels me my sweet Queene, that he hath found
    The head and sourse of all your Sonnes distemper.
    1080Qu. I doubt it is no other, but the maine,
    His Fathers death, and our o're-hasty Marriage.
    Enter Polonius, Voltumand, and Cornelius.
    King. Well, we shall sift him. Welcome good Frends:
    Say Voltumand, what from our Brother Norwey?
    1085Volt. Most faire returne of Greetings, and Desires.
    Vpon our first, he sent out to suppresse
    His Nephewes Leuies, which to him appear'd
    To be a preparation 'gainst the Poleak:
    But better look'd into, he truly found
    1090It was against your Highnesse, whereat greeued,
    That so his Sicknesse, Age, and Impotence
    Was falsely borne in hand, sends out Arrests
    On Fortinbras, which he (in breefe) obeyes,
    Receiues rebuke from Norwey: and in fine,
    1095Makes Vow before his Vnkle, neuer more
    To giue th'assay of Armes against your Maiestie.
    Whereon old Norwey, ouercome with ioy,
    Giues him three thousand Crownes in Annuall Fee,
    And his Commission to imploy those Soldiers
    1100So leuied as before, against the Poleak:
    With an intreaty heerein further shewne,
    That it might please you to giue quiet passe
    Through your Dominions, for his Enterprize,
    On such regards of safety and allowance,
    1105As therein are set downe.
    King. It likes vs well:
    And at our more consider'd time wee'l read,
    Answer, and thinke vpon this Businesse.
    Meane time we thanke you, for your well-tooke Labour.
    1110Go to your rest, at night wee'l Feast together.
    Most welcome home. Exit Ambass.
    Pol. This businesse is very well ended.
    My Liege, and Madam, to expostulate
    What Maiestie should be, what Dutie is,
    1115Why day is day; night, night; and time is time,
    Were nothing but to waste Night, Day, and Time.
    Therefore, since Breuitie is the Soule of Wit,
    And tediousnesse, the limbes and outward flourishes,
    I will be breefe. Your Noble Sonne is mad:
    1120Mad call I it; for to define true Madnesse,
    What is't, but to be nothing else but mad.
    But let that go.
    Qu. More matter, with lesse Art.
    Pol. Madam, I sweare I vse no Art at all:
    1125That he is mad, 'tis true: 'Tis true 'tis pittie,
    And pittie it is true: A foolish figure,
    But farewell it: for I will vse no Art.