Internet Shakespeare Editions

About this text

  • Title: Lucrece (Modern)
  • Editor: Hardy M. Cook
  • ISBN: 978-1-55058-411-0

    Copyright Hardy M. Cook. This text may be freely used for educational, non-profit purposes; for all other uses contact the Editor.
    Author: William Shakespeare
    Editor: Hardy M. Cook
    Not Peer Reviewed

    Lucrece (Modern)

    TO THE RIGHT HONORABLE, Henry Wriothesley, Earl of Southampton and Baron of Titchfield.
    The love I dedicate to your lordship is without end; whereof this pamphlet without beginning is but a superfluous moiety. The warrant I have of your honorable disposition, not the worth of my untutored lines, makes it assured of acceptance. What I have done is yours; what I have to do is yours; being part in all I have, devoted yours. Were my worth greater, my duty would show greater; meantime, as it is, it is bound to your lordship, to whom I wish long life, still lengthened with all happiness.
    Your lordship's in all duty,
    William Shakespeare.
    Lucius Tarquinius, for his excessive pride surnamed Superbus, after he had caused his own father-in-law Servius Tullius to be cruelly murdered and, contrary to the Roman laws and customs, not requiring or staying for the people's suffrages, had possessed himself of the kingdom, went, accompanied with his sons and other noblemen of Rome, to besiege Ardea. During which siege, the principal men of the Army meeting one evening at the tent of Sextus Tarquinius, the King's son, in their discourses after supper everyone commended the virtues of his own wife; among whom Collatinus extolled the incomparable chastity of his wife Lucretia. In that pleasant humor, they all posted to Rome; and intending by their secret and sudden arrival to make trial of that which everyone had before avouched, only Collatinus finds his wife, though it were late in the night, spinning amongst her maids; the other ladies were all found dancing and reveling, or in several disports. Whereupon the noblemen yielded Collatinus the victory and his wife the fame. At that time, Sextus Tarquinius, being inflamed with Lucrece' beauty, yet smothering his passions for the present, departed with the rest back to the camp; from whence he shortly after privily withdrew himself and was, according to his estate, royally entertained and lodged by Lucrece at Collatium. The same night he treacherously stealeth into her chamber, violently ravished her, and early in the morning speedeth away. Lucrece, in this lamentable plight, hastily dispatcheth messengers, one to Rome for her father, another to the camp for Collatine. They came, the one accompanied with Junius Brutus, the other with Publius Valerius; and, finding Lucrece attired in mourning habit, demanded the cause of her sorrow. She, first taking an oath of them for her revenge, revealed the actor and whole manner of his dealing, and withal suddenly stabbed herself. Which done, with one consent, they all vowed to root out the whole hated family of the Tarquins; and, bearing the dead body to Rome, Brutus acquainted the people with the doer and manner of the vile deed, with a bitter invective against the tyranny of the King; wherewith the people were so moved that, with one consent and a general acclamation, the Tarquins were all exiled, and the state government changed from kings to consuls.
    1From the besièged Ardea all in post,
    Borne by the trustless wings of false desire,
    Lust-breathèd Tarquin leaves the Roman host
    And to Collatium bears the lightless fire,
    5Which, in pale embers hid, lurks to aspire
    And girdle with embracing flames the waist
    Of Collatine's fair love, Lucrece, the chaste.
    Haply that name of "chaste" unhapp'ly set
    This bateless edge on his keen appetite,
    10When Collatine unwisely did not let
    To praise the clear unmatchèd red and white,
    Which triumphed in that sky of his delight,
    Where mortal stars, as bright as heaven's beauties,
    With pure aspects did him peculiar duties.
    15For he the night before, in Tarquin's tent,
    Unlocked the treasure of his happy state:
    What priceless wealth the heavens had him lent
    In the possession of his beauteous mate,
    Reck'ning his fortune at such high proud rate
    20That kings might be espousèd to more fame,
    But king nor peer to such a peerless dame.
    O happiness enjoyed but of a few,
    And, if possessed, as soon decayed and done
    As is the morning silver melting dew
    25Against the golden splendor of the sun;
    An expired date, canceled ere well begun.
    Honor and beauty in the owner's arms
    Are weakly fortressed from a world of harms.
    Beauty itself doth of itself persuade
    30The eyes of men without an orator.
    What needeth then apology be made
    To set forth that which is so singular?
    Or why is Collatine the publisher
    Of that rich jewel he should keep unknown
    35From thievish ears, because it is his own?
    Perchance his boast of Lucrece' sov'reignty
    Suggested this proud issue of a king,
    For by our ears our hearts oft tainted be.
    Perchance that envy of so rich a thing,
    40Braving compare, disdainfully did sting
    His high-pitched thoughts, that meaner men should vaunt
    That golden hap which their superiors want.
    But some untimely thought did instigate
    His all too timeless speed, if none of those.
    45His honor, his affairs, his friends, his state,
    Neglected all, with swift intent he goes
    To quench the coal which in his liver glows.
    O rash false heat, wrapped in repentant cold,
    Thy hasty spring still blasts and ne'er grows old.
    50When at Collatium this false lord arrived,
    Well was he welcomed by the Roman dame,
    Within whose face beauty and virtue strived
    Which of them both should underprop her fame.
    When virtue bragged, beauty would blush for shame;
    55When beauty boasted blushes, in despite
    Virtue would stain that o'er with silver white.
    But beauty, in that white entitulèd
    From Venus' doves, doth challenge that fair field;
    Then virtue claims from beauty beauty's red,
    60Which virtue gave the golden age to gild
    Their silver cheeks, and called it then their shield,
    Teaching them thus to use it in the fight:
    When shame assailed, the red should fence the white.
    This heraldry in Lucrece' face was seen,
    65Argued by beauty's red and virtue's white;
    Of either's color was the other queen,
    Proving from world's minority their right;
    Yet their ambition makes them still to fight,
    The sovereignty of either being so great
    70That oft they interchange each other's seat.
    This silent war of lilies and of roses,
    Which Tarquin viewed in her fair face's field,
    In their pure ranks his traitor eye encloses,
    Where, lest between them both it should be killed,
    75The coward captive vanquishèd doth yield
    To those two armies that would let him go
    Rather than triumph in so false a foe.
    Now thinks he that her husband's shallow tongue,
    The niggard prodigal that praised her so,
    80In that high task hath done her beauty wrong,
    Which far exceeds his barren skill to show.
    Therefore that praise which Collatine doth owe
    Enchanted Tarquin answers with surmise,
    In silent wonder of still-gazing eyes.
    85This earthly saint, adorèd by this devil,
    Little suspecteth the false worshipper,
    "For unstained thoughts do seldom dream on evil."
    "Birds never limed no secret bushes fear."
    So, guiltless, she securely gives good cheer
    90And reverend welcome to her princely guest,
    Whose inward ill no outward harm expressed.
    For that, he colored with his high estate,
    Hiding base sin in pleats of majesty,
    That nothing in him seemed inordinate,
    95Save sometime too much wonder of his eye,
    Which, having all, all could not satisfy;
    But, poorly rich, so wanteth in his store
    That, cloyed with much, he pineth still for more.
    But she that never coped with stranger eyes
    100Could pick no meaning from their parling looks
    Nor read the subtle shining secrecies
    Writ in the glassy margents of such books.
    She touched no unknown baits, nor feared no hooks,
    Nor could she moralize his wanton sight
    105More than his eyes were opened to the light.
    He stories to her ears her husband's fame,
    Won in the fields of fruitful Italy,
    And decks with praises Collatine's high name,
    Made glorious by his manly chivalry,
    110With bruisèd arms and wreaths of victory.
    Her joy with heaved-up hand she doth express
    And wordless so greets heaven for his success.
    Far from the purpose of his coming thither,
    He makes excuses for his being there.
    115No cloudy show of stormy blust'ring weather
    Doth yet in his fair welkin once appear
    Till sable night, mother of dread and fear,
    Upon the world dim darkness doth display
    And in her vaulty prison stows the day.
    120For then is Tarquin brought unto his bed,
    Intending weariness with heavy sprite;
    For after supper long he questionèd
    With modest Lucrece and wore out the night.
    Now leaden slumber with life's strength doth fight,
    125And everyone to rest himself betakes,
    Save thieves and cares and troubled minds that wakes.
    As one of which doth Tarquin lie revolving
    The sundry dangers of his will's obtaining,
    Yet ever to obtain his will resolving,
    130Though weak-built hopes persuade him to abstaining.
    Despair to gain doth traffic oft for gaining;
    And when great treasure is the meed proposed,
    Though death be adjunct, there's no death supposed.
    Those that much covet are with gain so fond
    135That what they have not, that which they possess
    They scatter and unloose it from their bond,
    And so, by hoping, more they have but less;
    Or, gaining more, the profit of excess
    Is but to surfeit, and such griefs sustain
    140That they prove bankrupt in this poor-rich gain.
    The aim of all is but to nurse the life
    With honor, wealth, and ease in waning age;
    And in this aim there is such thwarting strife
    That one for all, or all for one we gage:
    145As life for honor in fell battle's rage,
    Honor for wealth; and oft that wealth doth cost
    The death of all, and all together lost.
    So that, in vent'ring ill, we leave to be
    The things we are for that which we expect;
    150And this ambitious foul infirmity,
    In having much, torments us with defect
    Of that we have; so then we do neglect
    The thing we have and, all for want of wit,
    Make something nothing by augmenting it.
    155Such hazard now must doting Tarquin make,
    Pawning his honor to obtain his lust,
    And for himself himself he must forsake.
    Then where is truth if there be no self-trust?
    When shall he think to find a stranger just
    160When he himself himself confounds, betrays
    To sland'rous tongues and wretched hateful days?
    Now stole upon the time the dead of night,
    When heavy sleep had closed up mortal eyes.
    No comfortable star did lend his light,
    165No noise but owls' and wolves' death-boding cries
    Now serves the season that they may surprise
    The silly lambs; pure thoughts are dead and still,
    While lust and murder wakes to stain and kill.
    And now this lustful lord leapt from his bed,
    170Throwing his mantle rudely o'er his arm,
    Is madly tossed between desire and dread;
    Th' one sweetly flatters, th' other feareth harm,
    But honest fear, bewitched with lust's foul charm,
    Doth too too oft betake him to retire,
    175Beaten away by brainsick rude desire.
    His falchion on a flint he softly smiteth,
    That from the cold stone sparks of fire do fly;
    Whereat a waxen torch forthwith he lighteth,
    Which must be lodestar to his lustful eye;
    180And to the flame thus speaks advisedly;
    "As from this cold flint I enforced this fire,
    So Lucrece must I force to my desire."
    Here pale with fear he doth premeditate
    The dangers of his loathsome enterprise,
    185And in his inward mind he doth debate
    What following sorrow may on this arise.
    Then, looking scornfully, he doth despise
    His naked armor of still-slaughtered lust
    And justly thus controls his thoughts unjust.
    190"Fair torch, burn out thy light, and lend it not
    To darken her whose light excelleth thine;
    And die, unhallowed thoughts, before you blot
    With your uncleanness that which is divine;
    Offer pure incense to so pure a shrine;
    195Let fair humanity abhor the deed
    That spots and stains love's modest snow-white weed."
    "O shame to knighthood and to shining arms.
    O foul dishonor to my household's grave.
    O impious act including all foul harms.
    200A martial man to be soft fancy's slave.
    True valor still a true respect should have.
    Then my digression is so vile, so base,
    That it will live engraven in my face."
    "Yea, though I die, the scandal will survive
    205And be an eyesore in my golden coat;
    Some loathsome dash the herald will contrive
    To cipher me how fondly I did dote,
    That my posterity, shamed with the note,
    Shall curse my bones and hold it for no sin
    210To wish that I their father had not been."
    "What win I if I gain the thing I seek?
    A dream, a breath, a froth of fleeting joy.
    Who buys a minute's mirth to wail a week
    Or sells eternity to get a toy?
    215For one sweet grape who will the vine destroy?
    Or what fond beggar, but to touch the crown,
    Would with the scepter straight be strucken down?"
    "If Collatinus dream of my intent,
    Will he not wake, and in a desp'rate rage
    220Post hither, this vile purpose to prevent?
    This siege that hath engirt his marriage,
    This blur to youth, this sorrow to the sage,
    This dying virtue, this surviving shame,
    Whose crime will bear an ever-during blame."
    225"O, what excuse can my invention make
    When thou shalt charge me with so black a deed?
    Will not my tongue be mute, my frail joints shake,
    Mine eyes forgo their light, my false heart bleed?
    The guilt being great, the fear doth still exceed;
    230And extreme fear can neither fight nor fly,
    But coward-like with trembling terror die."
    "Had Collatinus killed my son or sire,
    Or lain in ambush to betray my life,
    Or were he not my dear friend, this desire
    235Might have excuse to work upon his wife,
    As in revenge or quittal of such strife;
    But as he is my kinsman, my dear friend,
    The shame and fault finds no excuse nor end."
    "Shameful it is: ay, if the fact be known.
    240Hateful it is: there is no hate in loving.
    I'll beg her love, but she is not her own.
    The worst is but denial and reproving.
    My will is strong, past reason's weak removing.
    Who fears a sentence or an old man's saw
    245Shall by a painted cloth be kept in awe."
    Thus graceless holds he disputation
    'Tween frozen conscience and hot-burning will,
    And with good thoughts makes dispensation,
    Urging the worser sense for vantage still,
    250Which in a moment doth confound and kill
    All pure effects, and doth so far proceed
    That what is vile shows like a virtuous deed.
    Quoth he, "She took me kindly by the hand
    And gazed for tidings in my eager eyes,
    255Fearing some hard news from the warlike band
    Where her belovèd Collatinus lies.
    O, how her fear did make her color rise!
    First red as roses that on lawn we lay,
    Then white as lawn, the roses took away."
    260"And how her hand, in my hand being locked,
    Forced it to tremble with her loyal fear,
    Which struck her sad, and then it faster rocked
    Until her husband's welfare she did hear;
    Whereat she smilèd with so sweet a cheer
    265That had Narcissus seen her as she stood
    Self-love had never drowned him in the flood."
    "Why hunt I then for color or excuses?
    All orators are dumb when beauty pleadeth;
    Poor wretches have remorse in poor abuses;
    270Love thrives not in the heart that shadows dreadeth.
    Affection is my captain, and he leadeth;
    And when his gaudy banner is displayed,
    The coward fights and will not be dismayed."
    "Then, childish fear, avaunt; debating die.
    275Respect and reason wait on wrinkled age.
    My heart shall never countermand mine eye.
    Sad pause and deep regard beseems the sage.
    My part is youth and beats these from the stage.
    Desire my pilot is, beauty my prize.
    280Then who fears sinking where such treasure lies?"
    As corn o'ergrown by weeds, so heedful fear
    Is almost choked by unresisted lust.
    Away he steals with open list'ning ear,
    Full of foul hope and full of fond mistrust;
    285Both which, as servitors to the unjust,
    So cross him with their opposite persuasion
    That now he vows a league, and now invasion.
    Within his thought her heavenly image sits,
    And in the self-same seat sits Collatine.
    290That eye which looks on her confounds his wits;
    That eye which him beholds, as more divine,
    Unto a view so false will not incline,
    But with a pure appeal seeks to the heart,
    Which once corrupted takes the worser part,
    295And therein heartens up his servile powers,
    Who, flattered by their leader's jocund show,
    Stuff up his lust, as minutes fill up hours;
    And as their captain, so their pride doth grow,
    Paying more slavish tribute than they owe.
    300By reprobate desire thus madly led,
    The Roman lord marcheth to Lucrece' bed.
    The locks between her chamber and his will,
    Each one by him enforced, retires his ward;
    But, as they open, they all rate his ill,
    305Which drives the creeping thief to some regard.
    The threshold grates the door to have him heard;
    Night-wand'ring weasels shriek to see him there;
    They fright him, yet he still pursues his fear.
    As each unwilling portal yields him way,
    310Through little vents and crannies of the place,
    The wind wars with his torch to make him stay
    And blows the smoke of it into his face,
    Extinguishing his conduct in this case;
    But his hot heart, which fond desire doth scorch,
    315Puffs forth another wind that fires the torch.
    And being lighted, by the light he spies
    Lucretia's glove, wherein her needle sticks.
    He takes it from the rushes where it lies,
    And griping it, the needle his finger pricks,
    320As who should say, "This glove to wanton tricks
    Is not inured; return again in haste;
    Thou seest our mistress' ornaments are chaste."
    But all these poor forbiddings could not stay him;
    He in the worst sense consters their denial.
    325The doors, the wind, the glove that did delay him
    He takes for accidental things of trial,
    Or as those bars which stop the hourly dial,
    Who with a ling'ring stay his course doth let
    Till every minute pays the hour his debt.
    330"So, so," quoth he, "these lets attend the time,
    Like little frosts that sometime threat the spring,
    To add a more rejoicing to the prime
    And give the sneapèd birds more cause to sing.
    Pain pays the income of each precious thing;
    335Huge rocks, high winds, strong pirates, shelves, and sands
    The merchant fears, ere rich at home he lands."
    Now is he come unto the chamber door
    That shuts him from the heaven of his thought,
    Which with a yielding latch, and with no more,
    340Hath barred him from the blessèd thing he sought.
    So from himself impiety hath wrought
    That for his prey to pray he doth begin,
    As if the heavens should countenance his sin.
    But in the midst of his unfruitful prayer,
    345Having solicited th' eternal power
    That his foul thoughts might compass his fair fair;
    And they would stand auspicious to the hour,
    Even there he starts. Quoth he, "I must deflower;
    The powers to whom I pray abhor this fact.
    350How can they then assist me in the act?"
    "Then Love and Fortune be my gods, my guide.
    My will is backed with resolution.
    Thoughts are but dreams till their effects be tried.
    The blackest sin is cleared with absolution.
    355Against love's fire, fear's frost hath dissolution.
    The eye of heaven is out, and misty night
    Covers the shame that follows sweet delight."
    This said, his guilty hand plucked up the latch,
    And with his knee the door he opens wide.
    360The dove sleeps fast that this night-owl will catch;
    Thus treason works ere traitors be espied.
    Who sees the lurking serpent steps aside;
    But, she, sound sleeping, fearing no such thing,
    Lies at the mercy of his mortal sting.
    365Into the chamber wickedly he stalks,
    And gazeth on her yet unstainèd bed.
    The curtains being close, about he walks,
    Rolling his greedy eyeballs in his head.
    By their high treason is his heart misled,
    370Which gives the watchword to his hand full soon
    To draw the cloud that hides the silver moon.
    Look as the fair and fiery-pointed sun,
    Rushing from forth a cloud, bereaves our sight;
    Even so, the curtain drawn, his eyes begun
    375To wink, being blinded with a greater light.
    Whether it is that she reflects so bright
    That dazzleth them, or else some shame supposed;
    But blind they are, and keep themselves enclosed.
    O had they in that darksome prison died,
    380Then had they seen the period of their ill;
    Then Collatine again by Lucrece' side
    In his clear bed might have reposèd still.
    But they must ope, this blessèd league to kill,
    And holy-thoughted Lucrece to their sight
    385Must sell her joy, her life, her world's delight.
    Her lily hand her rosy cheek lies under,
    Coz'ning the pillow of a lawful kiss,
    Who, therefore angry, seems to part in sunder,
    Swelling on either side to want his bliss;
    390Between whose hills her head entombèd is;
    Where like a virtuous monument she lies,
    To be admired of lewd unhallowed eyes.
    Without the bed her other fair hand was,
    On the green coverlet whose perfect white
    395Showed like an April daisy on the grass,
    With pearly sweat resembling dew of night.
    Her eyes, like marigolds, had sheathed their light,
    And canopied in darkness sweetly lay
    Till they might open to adorn the day.
    400Her hair, like golden threads, played with her breath,
    O modest wantons, wanton modesty!
    Showing life's triumph in the map of death,
    And death's dim look in life's mortality.
    Each in her sleep themselves so beautify,
    405As if between them twain there were no strife,
    But that life lived in death and death in life.
    Her breasts like ivory globes circled with blue,
    A pair of maiden worlds unconquerèd,
    Save of their lord no bearing yoke they knew,
    410And him by oath they truly honorèd.
    These worlds in Tarquin new ambition bred,
    Who like a foul usurper went about
    From this fair throne to heave the owner out.
    What could he see, but mightily he noted?
    415What did he note, but strongly he desired?
    What he beheld, on that he firmly doted,
    And in his will his willful eye he tired.
    With more than admiration he admired
    Her azure veins, her alabaster skin,
    420Her coral lips, her snow-white dimpled chin.
    As the grim lion fawneth o'er his prey,
    Sharp hunger by the conquest satisfied,
    So o'er this sleeping soul doth Tarquin stay,
    His rage of lust by gazing qualified,
    425Slaked, not suppressed; for, standing by her side,
    His eye, which late this mutiny restrains,
    Unto a greater uproar tempts his veins.
    And they, like straggling slaves for pillage fighting,
    Obdurate vassals fell exploits effecting,
    430In bloody death and ravishment delighting,
    Nor children's tears nor mothers' groans respecting,
    Swell in their pride, the onset still expecting.
    Anon his beating heart, alarum striking,
    Gives the hot charge and bids them do their liking.
    435His drumming heart cheers up his burning eye;
    His eye commends the leading to his hand;
    His hand, as proud of such a dignity,
    Smoking with pride, marched on to make his stand
    On her bare breast, the heart of all her land,
    440Whose ranks of blue veins, as his hand did scale,
    Left their round turrets destitute and pale.
    They, mustering to the quiet cabinet
    Where their dear governess and lady lies,
    Do tell her she is dreadfully beset
    445And fright her with confusion of their cries.
    She, much amazed, breaks ope her locked-up eyes,
    Who, peeping forth this tumult to behold,
    Are by his flaming torch dimmed and controlled.
    Imagine her as one in dead of night
    450From forth dull sleep by dreadful fancy waking,
    That thinks she hath beheld some ghastly sprite,
    Whose grim aspect sets every joint a-shaking.
    What terror 'tis! But she, in worser taking,
    From sleep disturbèd, heedfully doth view
    455The sight which makes supposed terror true.
    Wrapped and confounded in a thousand fears,
    Like to a new-killed bird she trembling lies.
    She dares not look; yet, winking, there appears
    Quick-shifting antics, ugly in her eyes.
    460Such shadows are the weak brain's forgeries,
    Who, angry that the eyes fly from their lights,
    In darkness daunts them with more dreadful sights.
    His hand, that yet remains upon her breast,
    Rude ram, to batter such an ivory wall,
    465May feel her heart, poor citizen, distressed,
    Wounding itself to death, rise up and fall,
    Beating her bulk, that his hand shakes withal.
    This moves in him more rage and lesser pity
    To make the breach and enter this sweet city.
    470First, like a trumpet, doth his tongue begin
    To sound a parley to his heartless foe,
    Who o'er the white sheet peers her whiter chin,
    The reason of this rash alarm to know,
    Which he by dumb demeanor seeks to show;
    475But she with vehement prayers urgeth still
    Under what color he commits this ill.
    Thus he replies, "The color in thy face,
    That even for anger makes the lily pale
    And the red rose blush at her own disgrace,
    480Shall plead for me and tell my loving tale.
    Under that color am I come to scale
    Thy never-conquered fort; the fault is thine,
    For those thine eyes betray thee unto mine."
    "Thus I forestall thee, if thou mean to chide;
    485Thy beauty hath ensnared thee to this night,
    Where thou with patience must my will abide,
    My will that marks thee for my earth's delight,
    Which I to conquer sought with all my might;
    But as reproof and reason beat it dead,
    490By thy bright beauty was it newly bred."
    "I see what crosses my attempt will bring;
    I know what thorns the growing rose defends;
    I think the honey guarded with a sting;
    All this beforehand counsel comprehends;
    495But will is deaf and hears no heedful friends;
    Only he hath an eye to gaze on beauty
    And dotes on what he looks, 'gainst law or duty."
    "I have debated, even in my soul,
    What wrong, what shame, what sorrow I shall breed,
    500But nothing can affection's course control
    Or stop the headlong fury of his speed.
    I know repentant tears ensue the deed,
    Reproach, disdain, and deadly enmity,
    Yet strive I to embrace mine infamy."
    505This said, he shakes aloft his Roman blade,
    Which, like a falcon tow'ring in the skies,
    Coucheth the fowl below with his wings' shade,
    Whose crooked beak threats, if he mount, he dies.
    So under his insulting falchion lies
    510Harmless Lucretia, marking what he tells
    With trembling fear, as fowl hear falcons' bells.
    "Lucrece," quoth he, "this night I must enjoy thee.
    If thou deny, then force must work my way,
    For in thy bed I purpose to destroy thee;
    515That done, some worthless slave of thine I'll slay,
    To kill thine honor with thy life's decay;
    And in thy dead arms do I mean to place him,
    Swearing I slew him, seeing thee embrace him."
    "So thy surviving husband shall remain
    520The scornful mark of every open eye,
    Thy kinsmen hang their heads at this disdain,
    Thy issue blurred with nameless bastardy;
    And thou, the author of their obloquy,
    Shalt have thy trespass cited up in rhymes
    525And sung by children in succeeding times."
    "But if thou yield, I rest thy secret friend;
    The fault unknown is as a thought unacted;
    A little harm done to a great good end
    For lawful policy remains enacted.
    530The poisonous simple sometime is compacted
    In a pure compound; being so applied,
    His venom in effect is purified."
    "Then, for thy husband and thy children's sake,
    Tender my suit; bequeath not to their lot
    535The shame that from them no device can take,
    The blemish that will never be forgot,
    Worse than a slavish wipe or birth-hour's blot;
    For marks descried in men's nativity
    Are nature's faults, not their own infamy."
    540Here with a cockatrice' dead-killing eye
    He rouseth up himself and makes a pause,
    While she, the picture of pure piety,
    Like a white hind under the gripe's sharp claws,
    Pleads, in a wilderness where are no laws,
    545To the rough beast that knows no gentle right,
    Nor aught obeys but his foul appetite.
    But when a black-faced cloud the world doth threat,
    In his dim mist th' aspiring mountains hiding,
    From earth's dark womb, some gentle gust doth get,
    550Which blow these pitchy vapors from their biding,
    Hind'ring their present fall by this dividing;
    So his unhallowed haste her words delays,
    And moody Pluto winks while Orpheus plays.
    Yet, foul night-waking cat, he doth but dally,
    555While in his hold-fast foot the weak mouse panteth;
    Her sad behavior feeds his vulture folly,
    A swallowing gulf that even in plenty wanteth.
    His ear her prayers admits, but his heart granteth
    No penetrable entrance to her plaining;
    560Tears harden lust, though marble wear with raining.
    Her pity-pleading eyes are sadly fixed
    In the remorseless wrinkles of his face.
    Her modest eloquence with sighs is mixed,
    Which to her oratory adds more grace.
    565She puts the period often from his place,
    And midst the sentence so her accent breaks
    That twice she doth begin ere once she speaks.
    She conjures him by high almighty Jove,
    By knighthood, gentry, and sweet friendship's oath,
    570By her untimely tears, her husband's love,
    By holy human law, and common troth,
    By heaven and earth, and all the power of both,
    That to his borrowed bed he make retire
    And stoop to honor, not to foul desire.
    575Quoth she, "Reward not hospitality
    With such black payment as thou hast pretended;
    Mud not the fountain that gave drink to thee.
    Mar not the thing that cannot be amended.
    End thy ill aim before thy shoot be ended;
    580He is no woodman that doth bend his bow
    To strike a poor unseasonable doe."
    "My husband is thy friend; for his sake spare me.
    Thyself art mighty; for thine own sake leave me.
    Myself a weakling, do not then ensnare me.
    585Thou look'st not like deceit; do not deceive me.
    My sighs, like whirlwinds, labor hence to heave thee.
    If ever man were moved with woman's moans,
    Be moved with my tears, my sighs, my groans."
    "All which together, like a troubled ocean,
    590Beat at thy rocky and wrack-threat'ning heart
    To soften it with their continual motion;
    For stones dissolved to water do convert.
    O, if no harder than a stone thou art,
    Melt at my tears and be compassionate;
    595Soft pity enters at an iron gate."
    "In Tarquin's likeness I did entertain thee.
    Hast thou put on his shape to do him shame?
    To all the host of heaven I complain me.
    Thou wrong'st his honor, wound'st his princely name.
    600Thou art not what thou seem'st, and if the same,
    Thou seem'st not what thou art, a god, a king;
    For kings, like gods, should govern everything."
    "How will thy shame be seeded in thine age
    When thus thy vices bud before thy spring?
    605If in thy hope thou dar'st do such outrage,
    What dar'st thou not when once thou art a king?
    O, be remembered, no outrageous thing
    From vassal actors can be wiped away;
    Then kings' misdeeds cannot be hid in clay."
    610"This deed will make thee only loved for fear,
    But happy monarchs still are feared for love.
    With foul offenders thou perforce must bear
    When they in thee the like offenses prove.
    If but for fear of this, thy will remove;
    615For princes are the glass, the school, the book,
    Where subjects' eyes do learn, do read, do look."
    "And wilt thou be the school where lust shall learn?
    Must he in thee read lectures of such shame?
    Wilt thou be glass wherein it shall discern
    620Authority for sin, warrant for blame,
    To privilege dishonor in thy name?
    Thou back'st reproach against long-living laud
    And mak'st fair reputation but a bawd."
    "Hast thou command? By him that gave it thee,
    625From a pure heart command thy rebel will.
    Draw not thy sword to guard iniquity,
    For it was lent thee all that brood to kill.
    Thy princely office how canst thou fulfill
    When, patterned by thy fault, foul sin may say
    630He learned to sin, and thou didst teach the way?"
    "Think but how vile a spectacle it were
    To view thy present trespass in another.
    Men's faults do seldom to themselves appear;
    Their own transgressions partially they smother.
    635This guilt would seem death-worthy in thy brother.
    O, how are they wrapped in with infamies
    That from their own misdeeds askance their eyes!"
    "To thee, to thee, my heaved-up hands appeal,
    Not to seducing lust, thy rash relier.
    640I sue for exiled majesty's repeal;
    Let him return, and flatt'ring thoughts retire.
    His true respect will prison false desire
    And wipe the dim mist from thy doting eyne,
    That thou shalt see thy state and pity mine."
    645"Have done," quoth he. "My uncontrollèd tide
    Turns not but swells the higher by this let.
    Small lights are soon blown out; huge fires abide
    And with the wind in greater fury fret.
    The petty streams that pay a daily debt
    650To their salt sovereign with their fresh falls' haste
    Add to his flow but alter not his taste."
    "Thou art," quoth she, "a sea, a sovereign king,
    And, lo, there falls into thy boundless flood
    Black lust, dishonor, shame, misgoverning,
    655Who seek to stain the ocean of thy blood.
    If all these petty ills shall change thy good,
    Thy sea within a puddle's womb is hearsed,
    And not the puddle in thy sea dispersed."
    "So shall these slaves be king, and thou their slave;
    660Thou nobly base, they basely dignified;
    Thou their fair life, and they thy fouler grave;
    Thou loathèd in their shame, they in their pride.
    The lesser thing should not the greater hide;
    The cedar stoops not to the base shrub's foot,
    665But low shrubs wither at the cedar's root."
    "So let thy thoughts low vassals to thy state -- "
    "No more," quoth he. "By heaven, I will not hear thee.
    Yield to my love. If not enforcèd hate,
    Instead of love's coy touch, shall rudely tear thee.
    670That done, despitefully I mean to bear thee
    Unto the base bed of some rascal groom
    To be thy partner in this shameful doom."
    This said, he sets his foot upon the light,
    For light and lust are deadly enemies.
    675Shame folded up in blind concealing night,
    When most unseen, then most doth tyrannize.
    The wolf hath seized his prey; the poor lamb cries,
    Till, with her own white fleece, her voice controlled,
    Entombs her outcry in her lips' sweet fold.
    680For with the nightly linen that she wears,
    He pens her piteous clamors in her head,
    Cooling his hot face in the chastest tears
    That ever modest eyes with sorrow shed.
    O, that prone lust should stain so pure a bed!
    685The spots whereof could weeping purify,
    Her tears should drop on them perpetually.
    But she hath lost a dearer thing than life,
    And he hath won what he would lose again.
    This forcèd league doth force a further strife;
    690This momentary joy breeds months of pain;
    This hot desire converts to cold disdain.
    Pure chastity is rifled of her store,
    And lust, the thief, far poorer than before.
    Look as the full-fed hound or gorgèd hawk,
    695Unapt for tender smell, or speedy flight,
    Make slow pursuit, or altogether balk
    The prey wherein by nature they delight,
    So surfeit-taking Tarquin fares this night.
    His taste delicious, in digestion souring,
    700Devours his will that lived by foul devouring.
    O deeper sin than bottomless conceit
    Can comprehend in still imagination!
    Drunken desire must vomit his receipt
    Ere he can see his own abomination.
    705While Lust is in his pride, no exclamation
    Can curb his heat or rein his rash desire,
    Till, like a jade, self-will himself doth tire.
    And then with lank and lean discolored cheek,
    With heavy eye, knit-brow, and strengthless pace,
    710Feeble desire, all recreant, poor, and meek,
    Like to a bankrupt beggar wails his case.
    The flesh being proud, desire doth fight with grace;
    For there it revels; and when that decays,
    The guilty rebel for remission prays.
    715So fares it with this faultful lord of Rome,
    Who this accomplishment so hotly chased,
    For now against himself he sounds this doom,
    That through the length of times he stands disgraced.
    Besides, his soul's fair temple is defaced,
    720To whose weak ruins muster troops of cares
    To ask the spotted princess how she fares.
    She says her subjects with foul insurrection
    Have battered down her consecrated wall
    And, by their mortal fault, brought in subjection
    725Her immortality, and made her thrall
    To living death and pain perpetual,
    Which in her prescience she controllèd still,
    But her foresight could not forestall their will.
    Ev'n in this thought through the dark night he stealeth,
    730A captive victor that hath lost in gain,
    Bearing away the wound that nothing healeth,
    The scar that will, despite of cure, remain,
    Leaving his spoil perplexed in greater pain.
    She bears the load of lust he left behind,
    735And he the burden of a guilty mind.
    He like a thievish dog creeps sadly thence;
    She like a wearied lamb lies panting there.
    He scowls and hates himself for his offense;
    She, desperate, with her nails her flesh doth tear.
    740He faintly flies, sweating with guilty fear;
    She stays, exclaiming on the direful night;
    He runs and chides his vanished loathed delight.
    He thence departs a heavy convertite;
    She there remains a hopeless castaway.
    745He in his speed looks for the morning light;
    She prays she never may behold the day.
    "For day," quoth she, "night's scapes doth open lay,
    And my true eyes have never practiced how
    To cloak offenses with a cunning brow."
    750"They think not but that every eye can see
    The same disgrace which they themselves behold;
    And therefore would they still in darkness be,
    To have their unseen sin remain untold.
    For they their guilt with weeping will unfold,
    755And grave, like water that doth eat in steel,
    Upon my cheeks, what helpless shame I feel."
    Here she exclaims against repose and rest
    And bids her eyes hereafter still be blind.
    She wakes her heart by beating on her breast,
    760And bids it leap from thence, where it may find
    Some purer chest to close so pure a mind.
    Frantic with grief thus breathes she forth her spite
    Against the unseen secrecy of night.
    "O comfort-killing Night, image of hell,
    765Dim register and notary of shame,
    Black stage for tragedies and murders fell,
    Vast sin-concealing chaos, nurse of blame,
    Blind muffled bawd, dark harbor for defame,
    Grim cave of death, whisp'ring conspirator
    770With close-tongued treason and the ravisher!"
    "O hateful, vaporous, and foggy Night,
    Since thou art guilty of my cureless crime,
    Muster thy mists to meet the eastern light,
    Make war against proportioned course of time;
    775Or, if thou wilt permit the sun to climb
    His wonted height, yet ere he go to bed,
    Knit poisonous clouds about his golden head."
    "With rotten damps ravish the morning air;
    Let their exhaled unwholesome breaths make sick
    780The life of purity, the supreme fair,
    Ere he arrive his weary noontide prick,
    And let thy musty vapors march so thick
    That in their smoky ranks his smothered light
    May set at noon and make perpetual night."
    785"Were Tarquin night, as he is but night's child,
    The silver-shining queen he would distain;
    Her twinkling handmaids too, by him defiled,
    Through night's black bosom should not peep again.
    So should I have copartners in my pain,
    790And fellowship in woe doth woe assuage,
    As palmers' chat makes short their pilgrimage."
    "Where now I have no one to blush with me,
    To cross their arms and hang their heads with mine,
    To mask their brows and hide their infamy,
    795But I alone, alone must sit and pine,
    Seasoning the earth with showers of silver brine,
    Mingling my talk with tears, my grief with groans,
    Poor wasting monuments of lasting moans."
    "O night, thou furnace of foul reeking smoke,
    800Let not the jealous day behold that face
    Which underneath thy black all-hiding cloak
    Immodestly lies martyred with disgrace!
    Keep still possession of thy gloomy place,
    That all the faults which in thy reign are made
    805May likewise be sepulchered in thy shade."
    "Make me not object to the telltale day.
    The light will show charactered in my brow
    The story of sweet chastity's decay,
    The impious breach of holy wedlock vow.
    810Yea, the illiterate that know not how
    To cipher what is writ in learnèd books
    Will quote my loathsome trespass in my looks."
    "The nurse, to still her child, will tell my story
    And fright her crying babe with Tarquin's name;
    815The orator, to deck his oratory,
    Will couple my reproach to Tarquin's shame.
    Feast-finding minstrels, tuning my defame,
    Will tie the hearers to attend each line,
    How Tarquin wrongèd me, I Collatine."
    820"Let my good name, that senseless reputation,
    For Collatine's dear love be kept unspotted;
    If that be made a theme for disputation,
    The branches of another root are rotted,
    And undeserved reproach to him allotted
    825That is as clear from this attaint of mine
    As I, ere this, was pure to Collatine."
    "O unseen shame, invisible disgrace!
    O unfelt sore, crest-wounding, private scar!
    Reproach is stamped in Collatinus' face,
    830And Tarquin's eye may read the mot afar,
    How he in peace is wounded, not in war.
    Alas, how many bear such shameful blows,
    Which not themselves but he that gives them knows!"
    "If, Collatine, thine honor lay in me,
    835From me by strong assault it is bereft;
    My honey lost, and I, a drone-like bee,
    Have no perfection of my summer left,
    But robbed and ransacked by injurious theft.
    In thy weak hive a wand'ring wasp hath crept
    840And sucked the honey which thy chaste bee kept."
    "Yet am I guilty of thy honor's wrack;
    Yet for thy honor did I entertain him.
    Coming from thee, I could not put him back,
    For it had been dishonor to disdain him.
    845Besides, of weariness he did complain him
    And talked of virtue. O, unlooked-for evil,
    When virtue is profaned in such a devil."
    "Why should the worm intrude the maiden bud?
    Or hateful cuckoos hatch in sparrows' nests?
    850Or toads infect fair founts with venom mud?
    Or tyrant folly lurk in gentle breasts?
    Or kings be breakers of their own behests?
    But no perfection is so absolute
    That some impurity doth not pollute."
    855"The agèd man that coffers up his gold
    Is plagued with cramps and gouts and painful fits
    And scarce hath eyes his treasure to behold,
    But like still-pining Tantalus he sits,
    And useless barns the harvest of his wits,
    860Having no other pleasure of his gain
    But torment that it cannot cure his pain."
    "So then he hath it when he cannot use it
    And leaves it to be mastered by his young,
    Who in their pride do presently abuse it.
    865Their father was too weak, and they too strong
    To hold their cursèd-blessèd fortune long.
    The sweets we wish for turn to loathèd sours
    Even in the moment that we call them ours."
    "Unruly blasts wait on the tender spring;
    870Unwholesome weeds take root with precious flowers;
    The adder hisses where the sweet birds sing;
    What virtue breeds, iniquity devours.
    We have no good that we can say is ours
    But ill-annexèd Opportunity
    875Or kills his life or else his quality."
    "O Opportunity, thy guilt is great!
    'Tis thou that execut'st the traitor's treason;
    Thou sets the wolf where he the lamb may get;
    Who ever plots the sin, thou point'st the season.
    880'Tis thou that spurn'st at right, at law, at reason;
    And in thy shady cell, where none may spy him,
    Sits sin to seize the souls that wander by him."
    "Thou mak'st the vestal violate her oath,
    Thou blow'st the fire when temperance is thawed,
    885Thou smother'st honesty, thou murder'st troth.
    Thou foul abettor, thou notorious bawd,
    Thou plantest scandal and displacest laud.
    Thou ravisher, thou traitor, thou false thief,
    Thy honey turns to gall, thy joy to grief."
    890"Thy secret pleasure turns to open shame,
    Thy private feasting to a public fast,
    Thy smoothing titles to a ragged name,
    Thy sugared tongue to bitter wormwood taste.
    Thy violent vanities can never last.
    895How comes it then, vile Opportunity,
    Being so bad, such numbers seek for thee?"
    "When wilt thou be the humble suppliant's friend,
    And bring him where his suit may be obtained?
    When wilt thou sort an hour great strifes to end,
    900Or free that soul which wretchedness hath chained,
    Give physic to the sick, ease to the pained?
    The poor, lame, blind, halt, creep, cry out for thee,
    But they ne'er meet with Opportunity."
    "The patient dies while the physician sleeps;
    905The orphan pines while the oppressor feeds;
    Justice is feasting while the widow weeps;
    Advice is sporting while infection breeds.
    Thou grant'st no time for charitable deeds.
    Wrath, envy, treason, rape, and murder's rages,
    910Thy heinous hours wait on them as their pages."
    "When truth and virtue have to do with thee,
    A thousand crosses keep them from thy aid.
    They buy thy help, but sin ne'er gives a fee;
    He gratis comes, and thou art well apaid
    915As well to hear as grant what he hath said.
    My Collatine would else have come to me
    When Tarquin did, but he was stayed by thee."
    "Guilty thou art of murder and of theft,
    Guilty of perjury and subornation,
    920Guilty of treason, forgery, and shift,
    Guilty of incest, that abomination:
    An accessory by thine inclination
    To all sins past and all that are to come,
    From the creation to the general doom."
    925"Misshapen Time, copesmate of ugly Night,
    Swift subtle post, carrier of grisly care,
    Eater of youth, false slave to false delight,
    Base watch of woes, sin's packhorse, virtue's snare.
    Thou nursest all, and murd'rest all that are.
    930O, hear me then, injurious shifting Time,
    Be guilty of my death, since of my crime."
    "Why hath thy servant Opportunity
    Betrayed the hours thou gav'st me to repose,
    Canceled my fortunes and enchainèd me
    935To endless date of never-ending woes?
    Time's office is to fine the hate of foes,
    To eat up errors by opinion bred,
    Not spend the dowry of a lawful bed."
    "Time's glory is to calm contending kings,
    940To unmask falsehood and bring truth to light,
    To stamp the seal of time in agèd things,
    To wake the morn and sentinel the night,
    To wrong the wronger till he render right,
    To ruinate proud buildings with thy hours,
    945And smear with dust their glitt'ring golden towers."
    "To fill with wormholes stately monuments,
    To feed oblivion with decay of things,
    To blot old books and alter their contents,
    To pluck the quills from ancient ravens' wings,
    950To dry the old oak's sap and cherish springs,
    To spoil antiquities of hammered steel,
    And turn the giddy round of Fortune's wheel;"
    "To show the beldame daughters of her daughter,
    To make the child a man, the man a child,
    955To slay the tiger that doth live by slaughter,
    To tame the unicorn and lion wild,
    To mock the subtle in themselves beguiled,
    To cheer the plowman with increaseful crops,
    And waste huge stones with little water drops."
    960"Why work'st thou mischief in thy pilgrimage,
    Unless thou couldst return to make amends?
    One poor retiring minute in an age
    Would purchase thee a thousand thousand friends,
    Lending him wit that to bad debtors lends.
    965O, this dread night, wouldst thou one hour come back,
    I could prevent this storm and shun thy wrack."
    "Thou ceaseless lackey to eternity,
    With some mischance cross Tarquin in his flight.
    Devise extremes beyond extremity
    970To make him curse this cursèd crimeful night.
    Let ghastly shadows his lewd eyes affright,
    And the dire thought of his committed evil
    Shape every bush a hideous shapeless devil."
    "Disturb his hours of rest with restless trances;
    975Afflict him in his bed with bedrid groans;
    Let there bechance him pitiful mischances
    To make him moan, but pity not his moans.
    Stone him with hardened hearts harder than stones,
    And let mild women to him loose their mildness,
    980Wilder to him than tigers in their wildness."
    "Let him have time to tear his curlèd hair,
    Let him have time against himself to rave,
    Let him have time of Time's help to despair,
    Let him have time to live a loathèd slave,
    985Let him have time a beggar's orts to crave,
    And time to see one that by alms doth live
    Disdain to him disdained scraps to give."
    "Let him have time to see his friends his foes,
    And merry fools to mock at him resort;
    990Let him have time to mark how slow time goes
    In time of sorrow, and how swift and short
    His time of folly and his time of sport;
    And ever let his unrecalling crime
    Have time to wail th' abusing of his time."
    995"O Time, thou tutor both to good and bad,
    Teach me to curse him that thou taught'st this ill.
    At his own shadow let the thief run mad;
    Himself, himself seek every hour to kill.
    Such wretched hands such wretched blood should spill,
    1000For who so base would such an office have
    As sland'rous deathsman to so base a slave?"
    "The baser is he, coming from a king,
    To shame his hope with deeds degenerate.
    The mightier man the mightier is the thing
    1005That makes him honored or begets him hate;
    For greatest scandal waits on greatest state.
    The moon being clouded presently is missed,
    But little stars may hide them when they list."
    "The crow may bathe his coal-black wings in mire
    1010And unperceived fly with the filth away;
    But if the like the snow-white swan desire,
    The stain upon his sliver down will stay.
    Poor grooms are sightless night, kings glorious day;
    Gnats are unnoted wheresoe'er they fly,
    1015But eagles gazed upon with every eye."
    "Out, idle words, servants to shallow fools,
    Unprofitable sounds, weak arbitrators;
    Busy yourselves in skill-contending schools;
    Debate where leisure serves with dull debaters;
    1020To trembling clients be you mediators.
    For me, I force not argument a straw,
    Since that my case is past the help of law."
    "In vain I rail at Opportunity,
    At Time, at Tarquin, and uncheerful Night;
    1025In vain I cavil with mine infamy;
    In vain I spurn at my confirmed despite.
    This helpless smoke of words doth me no right.
    The remedy indeed to do me good
    Is to let forth my foul defilèd blood."
    1030"Poor hand, why quiver'st thou at this decree?
    Honor thyself to rid me of this shame,
    For if I die, my honor lives in thee,
    But if I live, thou liv'st in my defame.
    Since thou couldst not defend thy loyal dame
    1035And waste afeard to scratch her wicked foe,
    Kill both thyself and her for yielding so."
    This said, from her betumbled couch she starteth,
    To find some desp'rate instrument of death,
    But this, no slaughterhouse, no tool imparteth
    1040To make more vent for passage of her breath,
    Which, thronging through her lips, so vanisheth
    As smoke from Etna that in air consumes
    Or that which from dischargèd cannon fumes.
    "In vain," quoth she, "I live and seek in vain
    1045Some happy mean to end a hapless life.
    I feared by Tarquin's falchion to be slain,
    Yet for the selfsame purpose seek a knife;
    But when I feared, I was a loyal wife.
    So am I now -- O no, that cannot be;
    1050Of that true type hath Tarquin rifled me."
    "O, that is gone for which I sought to live,
    And therefore now I need not fear to die.
    To clear this spot by death, at least I give
    A badge of fame to slander's livery,
    1055A dying life to living infamy.
    Poor helpless help, the treasure stol'n away,
    To burn the guiltless casket where it lay."
    "Well, well, dear Collatine, thou shalt not know
    The stainèd taste of violated troth;
    1060I will not wrong thy true affection so
    To flatter thee with an infringèd oath.
    This bastard graft shall never come to growth;
    He shall not boast who did thy stock pollute
    That thou art doting father of his fruit."
    1065"Nor shall he smile at thee in secret thought,
    Nor laugh with his companions at thy state,
    But thou shalt know thy int'rest was not bought
    Basely with gold, but stol'n from forth thy gate.
    For me, I am the mistress of my fate
    1070And with my trespass never will dispense
    Till life to death acquit my forced offense."
    "I will not poison thee with my attaint,
    Nor fold my fault in cleanly coined excuses;
    My sable ground of sin I will not paint
    1075To hide the truth of this false night's abuses.
    My tongue shall utter all; mine eyes, like sluices,
    As from a mountain spring that feeds a dale,
    Shall gush pure streams to purge my impure tale."
    By this, lamenting Philomel had ended
    1080The well-tuned warble of her nightly sorrow,
    And solemn night with slow sad gate descended
    To ugly hell, when, lo, the blushing morrow
    Lends light to all fair eyes that light will borrow.
    But cloudy Lucrece shames herself to see
    1085And therefore still in night would cloistered be.
    Revealing day through every cranny spies
    And seems to point her out where she sits weeping;
    To whom she sobbing speaks, "O eye of eyes,
    Why pry'st thou through my window? Leave thy peeping,
    1090Mock with thy tickling beams eyes that are sleeping,
    Brand not my forehead with thy piercing light,
    For day hath naught to do what's done by night."
    Thus cavils she with everything she sees.
    True grief is fond and testy as a child
    1095Who, wayward once, his mood with naught agrees.
    Old woes, not infant sorrows, bear them mild:
    Continuance tames the one; the other, wild,
    Like an unpracticed swimmer plunging still,
    With too much labor drowns for want of skill.
    1100So she, deep drenchèd in a sea of care,
    Holds disputation with each thing she views,
    And to herself all sorrow doth compare;
    No object but her passion's strength renews,
    And as one shifts, another straight ensues.
    1105Sometime her grief is dumb and hath no words,
    Sometime 'tis mad and too much talk affords.
    The little birds that tune their morning's joy
    Make her moans mad with their sweet melody,
    For mirth doth search the bottom of annoy;
    1110Sad souls are slain in merry company;
    Grief best is pleased with grief's society.
    True sorrow then is feelingly sufficed
    When with like semblance it is sympathized.
    'Tis double death to drown in ken of shore;
    1115He ten times pines that pines beholding food;
    To see the salve doth make the wound ache more;
    Great grief grieves most at that would do it good;
    Deep woes roll forward like a gentle flood
    Who, being stopped, the bounding banks o'erflows;
    1120Grief dallied with nor law nor limit knows.
    "You mocking birds," quoth she, "your tunes entomb
    Within your hollow-swelling feathered breasts,
    And in my hearing be you mute and dumb;
    My restless discord loves no stops nor rests."
    1125A woeful hostess brooks not merry guests.
    Relish your nimble notes to pleasing ears;
    Distress likes dumps when time is kept with tears."
    "Come, Philomel, that sing'st of ravishment,
    Make thy sad grove in my disheveled hair.
    1130As the dank earth weeps at thy languishment,
    So I at each sad strain will strain a tear
    And with deep groans the diapason bear;
    For burden-wise I'll hum on Tarquin still,
    While thou on Tereus descants better skill."
    1135"And whiles against a thorn thou bear'st thy part
    To keep thy sharp woes waking, wretched I,
    To imitate thee well, against my heart
    Will fix a sharp knife to affright mine eye,
    Who if it wink shall thereon fall and die.
    1140These means, as frets upon an instrument,
    Shall tune our heartstrings to true languishment."
    "And for, poor bird, thou sing'st not in the day,
    As shaming any eye should thee behold,
    Some dark, deep desert seated from the way,
    1145That knows not parching heat nor freezing cold,
    Will we find out, and there we will unfold
    To creatures stern sad tunes to change their kinds.
    Since men prove beasts, let beasts bear gentle minds."
    As the poor frighted deer that stands at gaze,
    1150Wildly determining which way to fly,
    Or one encompassed with a winding maze,
    That cannot tread the way out readily,
    So with herself is she in mutiny,
    To live or die which of the twain were better
    1155When life is shamed and death reproach's debtor.
    "To kill myself," quoth she, "alack, what were it
    But with my body my poor soul's pollution?
    They that lose half with greater patience bear it
    Than they whose whole is swallowed in confusion.
    1160That mother tries a merciless conclusion
    Who, having two sweet babes, when death takes one,
    Will slay the other and be nurse to none."
    "My body or my soul, which was the dearer,
    When the one pure, the other made divine?
    1165Whose love of either to myself was nearer
    When both were kept for heaven and Collatine?
    Ay me, the bark pilled from the lofty pine
    His leaves will wither and his sap decay;
    So must my soul, her bark being pilled away."
    1170"Her house is sacked, her quiet interrupted,
    Her mansion battered by the enemy,
    Her sacred temple spotted, spoiled, corrupted,
    Grossly engirt with daring infamy.
    Then let it not be called impiety
    1175If in this blemished fort I make some hole
    Through which I may convey this troubled soul."
    "Yet die I will not till my Collatine
    Have heard the cause of my untimely death,
    That he may vow, in that sad hour of mine,
    1180Revenge on him that made me stop my breath.
    My stainèd blood to Tarquin I'll bequeath,
    Which, by him tainted, shall for him be spent,
    And as his due writ in my testament."
    "My honor I'll bequeath unto the knife
    1185That wounds my body so dishonorèd.
    'Tis honor to deprive dishonored life;
    The one will live, the other being dead.
    So of shame's ashes shall my fame be bred,
    For in my death I murder shameful scorn;
    1190My shame so dead, mine honor is new born."
    "Dear lord of that dear jewel I have lost,
    What legacy shall I bequeath to thee?
    My resolution, love, shall be thy boast,
    By whose example thou revenged mayst be.
    1195How Tarquin must be used, read it in me.
    Myself, thy friend, will kill myself, thy foe,
    And for my sake serve thou false Tarquin so."
    "This brief abridgement of my will I make:
    My soul and body to the skies and ground;
    1200My resolution, husband, do thou take;
    Mine honor be the knife's that makes my wound;
    My shame be his that did my fame confound;
    And all my fame that lives disbursèd be
    To those that live and think no shame of me."
    1205"Thou, Collatine, shalt oversee this will.
    How was I overseen that thou shalt see it!
    My blood shall wash the slander of mine ill;
    My life's foul deed my life's fair end shall free it.
    Faint not, faint heart, but stoutly say 'So be it.'
    1210Yield to my hand; my hand shall conquer thee.
    Thou dead, both die, and both shall victors be."
    This plot of death when sadly she had laid,
    And wiped the brinish pearl from her bright eyes,
    With untuned tongue she hoarsely calls her maid,
    1215Whose swift obedience to her mistress hies;
    For fleet-winged duty with thought's feathers flies.
    Poor Lucrece' cheeks unto her maid seem so
    As winter meads when sun doth melt their snow.
    Her mistress she doth give demure good morrow
    1220With soft slow tongue, true mark of modesty,
    And sorts a sad look to her lady's sorrow,
    For why her face wore sorrow's livery,
    But durst not ask of her audaciously
    Why her two suns were cloud-eclipsèd so,
    1225Nor why her fair cheeks over-washed with woe.
    But as the earth doth weep, the sun being set,
    Each flower moistened like a melting eye,
    Even so the maid with swelling drops 'gan wet
    Her circled eyne, enforced by sympathy
    1230Of those fair suns set in her mistress' sky,
    Who in a salt-waved ocean quench their light,
    Which makes the maid weep like the dewy night.
    A pretty while these pretty creatures stand,
    Like ivory conduits coral cisterns filling.
    1235One justly weeps; the other takes in hand
    No cause but company of her drops' spilling.
    Their gentle sex to weep are often willing,
    Grieving themselves to guess at others' smarts,
    And then they drown their eyes or break their hearts.
    1240For men have marble, women waxen minds,
    And therefore are they formed as marble will.
    The weak oppressed, th' impression of strange kinds
    Is formed in them by force, by fraud, or skill.
    Then call them not the authors of their ill,
    1245No more than wax shall be accounted evil
    Wherein is stamped the semblance of a devil.
    Their smoothness, like a goodly champaign plain,
    Lays open all the little worms that creep;
    In men, as in a rough-grown grove, remain
    1250Cave-keeping evils that obscurely sleep.
    Through crystal walls each little mote will peep.
    Though men can cover crimes with bold stern looks,
    Poor women's faces are their own faults' books.
    No man inveigh against the withered flower,
    1255But chide rough winter that the flower hath killed;
    Not that devoured, but that which doth devour,
    Is worthy blame. O, let it not be held
    Poor women's faults that they are so fulfilled
    With men's abuses. Those proud lords, to blame,
    1260Make weak-made women tenants to their shame.
    The precedent whereof in Lucrece view,
    Assailed by night with circumstances strong
    Of present death, and shame that might ensue
    By that her death, to do her husband wrong.
    1265Such danger to resistance did belong
    That dying fear through all her body spread;
    And who cannot abuse a body dead?
    By this, mild patience bid fair Lucrece speak
    To the poor counterfeit of her complaining.
    1270"My girl," quoth she, "on what occasion break
    Those tears from thee that down thy cheeks are raining?
    If thou dost weep for grief of my sustaining,
    Know, gentle wench, it small avails my mood.
    If tears could help, mine own would do me good."
    1275"But tell me, girl, when went" -- and there she stayed
    Till after a deep groan -- "Tarquin from hence?"
    "Madam, ere I was up," replied the maid,
    "The more to blame my sluggard negligence.
    Yet with the fault I thus far can dispense:
    1280Myself was stirring ere the break of day,
    And, ere I rose, was Tarquin gone away."
    "But, lady, if your maid may be so bold,
    She would request to know your heaviness."
    "O, peace," quoth Lucrece. "If it should be told,
    1285The repetition cannot make it less;
    For more it is than I can well express,
    And that deep torture may be called a hell
    When more is felt then one hath power to tell."
    "Go, get me hither paper, ink, and pen;
    1290Yet save that labor, for I have them here.
    What should I say? One of my husband's men
    Bid thou be ready, by and by, to bear
    A letter to my lord, my love, my dear.
    Bid him with speed prepare to carry it;
    1295The cause craves haste, and it will soon be writ."
    Her maid is gone, and she prepares to write,
    First hovering o'er the paper with her quill.
    Conceit and grief an eager combat fight;
    What wit sets down is blotted straight with will;
    1300This is too curious-good, this blunt and ill.
    Much like a press of people at a door
    Throng her inventions, which shall go before.
    At last she thus begins: "Thou worthy lord
    Of that unworthy wife that greeteth thee,
    1305Health to thy person. Next, vouchsafe t' afford --
    If ever, love, thy Lucrece thou wilt see --
    Some present speed to come and visit me.
    So I commend me, from our house in grief;
    My woes are tedious, though my words are brief."
    1310Here folds she up the tenor of her woe,
    Her certain sorrow writ uncertainly.
    By this short schedule Collatine may know
    Her grief, but not her grief's true quality.
    She dares not thereof make discovery,
    1315Lest he should hold it her own gross abuse,
    Ere she with blood had stained her stained excuse.
    Besides, the life and feeling of her passion
    She hoards, to spend when he is by to hear her,
    When sighs and groans and tears may grace the fashion
    1320Of her disgrace, the better so to clear her
    From that suspicion which the world might bear her.
    To shun this blot, she would not blot the letter
    With words, till action might become them better.
    To see sad sights moves more than hear them told,
    1325For then the eye interprets to the ear
    The heavy motion that it doth behold,
    When every part a part of woe doth bear.
    'Tis but a part of sorrow that we hear:
    Deep sounds make lesser noise than shallow fords,
    1330And sorrow ebbs, being blown with wind of words.
    Her letter now is sealed, and on it writ
    "At Ardea to my lord with more than haste."
    The post attends, and she delivers it,
    Charging the sour-faced groom to hie as fast
    1335As lagging fowls before the northern blast.
    Speed more than speed but dull and slow she deems;
    Extremity still urgeth such extremes."
    The homely villain curtsies to her low,
    And blushing on her with a steadfast eye,
    1340Receives the scroll without or yea or no,
    And forth with bashful innocence doth hie.
    But they whose guilt within their bosoms lie
    Imagine every eye beholds their blame,
    For Lucrece thought he blushed to see her shame,
    1345When, silly groom, God wot, it was defect
    Of spirit, life, and bold audacity.
    Such harmless creatures have a true respect
    To talk in deeds, while others saucily
    Promise more speed, but do it leisurely.
    1350Even so this pattern of the worn-out age
    Pawned honest looks, but laid no words to gage.
    His kindled duty kindled her mistrust,
    That two red fires in both their faces blazed.
    She thought he blushed as knowing Tarquin's lust,
    1355And, blushing with him, wistly on him gazed.
    Her earnest eye did make him more amazed.
    The more she saw the blood his cheeks replenish,
    The more she thought he spied in her some blemish.
    But long she thinks till he return again,
    1360And yet the duteous vassal scarce is gone.
    The weary time she cannot entertain,
    For now 'tis stale to sigh, to weep, and groan;
    So woe hath wearied woe, moan tirèd moan,
    That she her plaints a little while doth stay,
    1365Pausing for means to mourn some newer way.
    At last she calls to mind where hangs a piece
    Of skillful painting, made for Priam's Troy,
    Before the which is drawn the power of Greece,
    For Helen's rape, the city to destroy,
    1370Threat'ning cloud-kissing Ilion with annoy,
    Which the conceited painter drew so proud
    As heaven, it seemed, to kiss the turrets bowed.
    A thousand lamentable objects there,
    In scorn of nature, art gave lifeless life.
    1375Many a dry drop seemed a weeping tear
    Shed for the slaughtered husband by the wife.
    The red blood reeked to show the painter's strife,
    And dying eyes gleamed forth their ashy lights
    Like dying coals burnt out in tedious nights.
    1380There might you see the laboring pioneer
    Begrimed with sweat and smearèd all with dust;
    And from the towers of Troy, there would appear
    The very eyes of men through loopholes thrust,
    Gazing upon the Greeks with little lust.
    1385Such sweet observance in this work was had
    That one might see those far-off eyes look sad.
    In great commanders, grace and majesty
    You might behold, triumphing in their faces;
    In youth, quick bearing and dexterity;
    1390And here and there the painter interlaces
    Pale cowards marching on with trembling paces,
    Which heartless peasants did so well resemble
    That one would swear he saw them quake and tremble.
    In Ajax and Ulysses, O, what art
    1395Of physiognomy might one behold!
    The face of either ciphered either's heart;
    Their face their manners most expressly told:
    In Ajax' eyes blunt rage and rigor rolled,
    But the mild glance that sly Ulysses lent
    1400Showed deep regard and smiling government.
    There pleading might you see grave Nestor stand,
    As 'twere encouraging the Greeks to fight,
    Making such sober action with his hand
    That it beguiled attention, charmed the sight.
    1405In speech, it seemed his beard, all sliver white,
    Waged up and down, and from his lips did fly
    Thin winding breath, which purled up to the sky.
    About him were a press of gaping faces,
    Which seemed to swallow up his sound advice,
    1410All jointly list'ning, but with several graces,
    As if some mermaid did their ears entice;
    Some high, some low, the painter was so nice.
    The scalps of many, almost hid behind,
    To jump up higher seemed, to mock the mind.
    1415Here one man's hand leaned on another's head,
    His nose being shadowed by his neighbor's ear;
    Here one, being thronged, bears back all boll'n and red;
    Another, smothered, seems to pelt and swear;
    And in their rage such signs of rage they bear
    1420As, but for loss of Nestor's golden words,
    It seemed they would debate with angry swords.
    For much imaginary work was there,
    Conceit deceitful, so compact, so kind,
    That for Achilles' image stood his spear
    1425Gripped in an armèd hand; himself behind
    Was left unseen, save to the eye of mind.
    A hand, a foot, a face, a leg, a head,
    Stood for the whole to be imaginèd.
    And from the walls of strong-besiegèd Troy,
    1430When their brave hope, bold Hector, marched to field,
    Stood many Trojan mothers, sharing joy
    To see their youthful sons bright weapons wield;
    And to their hope they such odd action yield
    That through their light joy seemèd to appear,
    1435 Like bright things stained, a kind of heavy fear.
    And from the strand of Dardan where they fought
    To Simois' reedy banks the red blood ran,
    Whose waves to imitate the battle sought
    With swelling ridges, and their ranks began
    1440To break upon the gallèd shore, and then
    Retire again, till meeting greater ranks
    They join and shoot their foam at Simois' banks.
    To this well-painted piece is Lucrece come,
    To find a face where all distress is stelled.
    1445Many she sees where cares have carvèd some,
    But none where all distress and dolor dwelled
    Till she despairing Hecuba beheld,
    Staring on Priam's wounds with her old eyes,
    Which bleeding under Pyrrhus' proud foot lies.
    1450In her the painter had anatomized
    Time's ruin, beauty's wrack, and grim care's reign.
    Her cheeks with chaps and wrinkles were disguised;
    Of what she was no semblance did remain.
    Her blue blood, changed to black in every vein,
    1455Wanting the spring that those shrunk pipes had fed,
    Showed life imprisoned in a body dead.
    On this sad shadow Lucrece spends her eyes
    And shapes her sorrow to the beldame's woes,
    Who nothing wants to answer her but cries
    1460And bitter words to ban her cruel foes.
    The painter was no god to lend her those,
    And therefore Lucrece swears he did her wrong
    To give her so much grief and not a tongue.
    "Poor instrument," quoth she, "without a sound,
    1465I'll tune thy woes with my lamenting tongue,
    And drop sweet balm in Priam's painted wound,
    And rail on Pyrrhus that hath done him wrong,
    And with my tears quench Troy that burns so long,
    And with my knife scratch out the angry eyes
    1470Of all the Greeks that are thine enemies."
    "Show me the strumpet that began this stir,
    That with my nails her beauty I may tear.
    Thy heat of lust, fond Paris, did incur
    This lode of wrath that burning Troy doth bear;
    1475Thy eye kindled the fire that burneth here,
    And here in Troy, for trespass of thine eye,
    The sire, the son, the dame, and daughter die."
    "Why should the private pleasure of some one
    Become the public plague of many moe?
    1480Let sin, alone committed, light alone
    Upon his head that hath transgressèd so;
    Let guiltless souls be freed from guilty woe.
    For one's offense why should so many fall,
    To plague a private sin in general?"
    1485"Lo, here weeps Hecuba, here Priam dies,
    Here manly Hector faints, here Troilus swounds,
    Here friend by friend in bloody channel lies,
    And friend to friend gives unadvisèd wounds,
    And one man's lust these many lives confounds.
    1490Had doting Priam checked his son's desire,
    Troy had been bright with fame and not with fire."
    Here feelingly she weeps Troy's painted woes,
    For sorrow, like a heavy-hanging bell,
    Once set on ringing, with his own weight goes;
    1495Then little strength rings out the doleful knell.
    So Lucrece, set a-work, sad tales doth tell
    To penciled pensiveness and colored sorrow;
    She lends them words, and she their looks doth borrow.
    She throws her eyes about the painting round,
    1500And who she finds forlorn she doth lament.
    At last she sees a wretched image bound,
    That piteous looks to Phrygian shepherds lent:
    His face, though full of cares, yet showed content;
    Onward to Troy with the blunt swains he goes,
    1505So mild that patience seemed to scorn his woes.
    In him the painter labored with his skill
    To hide deceit and give the harmless show
    An humble gait, calm looks, eyes wailing still,
    A brow unbent that seemed to welcome woe,
    1510Cheeks neither red nor pale but mingled so
    That blushing red no guilty instance gave,
    Nor ashy pale the fear that false hearts have.
    But, like a constant and confirmèd devil,
    He entertained a show so seeming just,
    1515And therein so ensconced his secret evil
    That jealousy itself could not mistrust
    False creeping craft and perjury should thrust
    Into so bright a day such black-faced storms,
    Or blot with hell-born sin such saintlike forms.
    1520The well-skilled workman this mild image drew
    For perjured Sinon, whose enchanting story
    The credulous old Priam after slew;
    Whose words like wildfire burnt the shining glory
    Of rich-built Ilion, that the skies were sorry,
    1525And little stars shot from their fixèd places
    When their glass fell wherein they viewed their faces.
    This picture she advisedly perused,
    And chid the painter for his wondrous skill,
    Saying some shape in Sinon's was abused,
    1530So fair a form lodged not a mind so ill.
    And still on him she gazed, and gazing still,
    Such signs of truth in his plain face she spied
    That she concludes the picture was belied.
    "It cannot be," quoth she, "that so much guile" --
    1535She would have said "can lurk in such a look,"
    But Tarquin's shape came in her mind the while,
    And from her tongue "can lurk" from "cannot" took.
    "It cannot be" she in that sense forsook,
    And turned it thus: "It cannot be, I find,
    1540But such a face should bear a wicked mind.
    "For even as subtle Sinon here is painted,
    So sober-sad, so weary, and so mild,
    As if with grief or travail he had fainted,
    To me came Tarquin armèd to beguild
    1545With outward honesty, but yet defiled
    With inward vice. As Priam him did cherish,
    So did I Tarquin, so my Troy did perish."
    "Look, look, how list'ning Priam wets his eyes
    To see those borrowed tears that Sinon sheds.
    1550Priam, why art thou old and yet not wise?
    For every tear he falls a Trojan bleeds.
    His eye drops fire, no water thence proceeds;
    Those round clear pearls of his that move thy pity
    Are balls of quenchless fire to burn thy city."
    1555"Such devils steal effects from lightless hell,
    For Sinon in his fire doth quake with cold,
    And in that cold hot-burning fire doth dwell.
    These contraries such unity do hold
    Only to flatter fools and make them bold;
    1560So Priam's trust false Sinon's tears doth flatter
    That he finds means to burn his Troy with water."
    Here, all enraged, such passion her assails
    That patience is quite beaten from her breast.
    She tears the senseless Sinon with her nails,
    1565Comparing him to that unhappy guest
    Whose deed hath made herself herself detest.
    At last she smilingly with this gives o'er:
    "Fool, fool," quoth she, "his wounds will not be sore."
    Thus ebbs and flows the current of her sorrow,
    1570And time doth weary time with her complaining.
    She looks for night, and then she longs for morrow,
    And both she thinks too long with her remaining.
    Short time seems long in sorrow's sharp sustaining;
    Though woe be heavy, yet it seldom sleeps,
    1575And they that watch see time how slow it creeps.
    Which all this time hath overslipped her thought
    That she with painted images hath spent,
    Being from the feeling of her own grief brought
    By deep surmise of others' detriment,
    1580Losing her woes in shows of discontent.
    It easeth some, though none it ever cured,
    To think their dolor others have endured.
    But now the mindful messenger come back
    Brings home his lord and other company,
    1585Who finds his Lucrece clad in mourning black,
    And round about her tear-distainèd eye
    Blue circles streamed, like rainbows in the sky.
    These water-galls in her dim element
    Foretell new storms to those already spent.
    1590Which when her sad-beholding husband saw,
    Amazedly in her sad face he stares.
    Her eyes, though sod in tears, looked red and raw,
    Her lively color killed with deadly cares.
    He hath no power to ask her how she fares.
    1595Both stood like old acquaintance in a trance,
    Met far from home, wond'ring each other's chance.
    At last he takes her by the bloodless hand
    And thus begins: "What uncouth ill event
    Hath thee befall'n, that thou dost trembling stand?
    1600Sweet love, what spite hath thy fair color spent?
    Why art thou thus attired in discontent?
    Unmask, dear dear, this moody heaviness,
    And tell thy grief, that we may give redress."
    Three times with sighs she gives her sorrow fire
    1605Ere once she can discharge one word of woe.
    At length addressed to answer his desire,
    She modestly prepares to let them know
    Her honor is ta'en prisoner by the foe,
    While Collatine and his consorted lords
    1610With sad attention long to hear her words.
    And now this pale swan in her wat'ry nest
    Begins the sad dirge of her certain ending.
    "Few words," quoth she, "shall fit the trespass best,
    Where no excuse can give the fault amending.
    1615In me more woes than words are now depending,
    And my laments would be drawn out too long
    To tell them all with one poor tirèd tongue."
    "Then be this all the task it hath to say:
    Dear husband, in the interest of thy bed
    1620A stranger came, and on that pillow lay
    Where thou wast wont to rest thy weary head;
    And what wrong else may be imaginèd
    By foul enforcement might be done to me,
    From that, alas, thy Lucrece is not free."
    1625"For in the dreadful dead of dark midnight,
    With shining falchion in my chamber came
    A creeping creature with a flaming light,
    And softly cried, 'Awake, thou Roman dame,
    And entertain my love; else lasting shame
    1630On thee and thine this night I will inflict,
    If thou my love's desire do contradict."
    "'For some hard-favored groom of thine,' quoth he,
    'Unless thou yoke thy liking to my will,
    I'll murder straight, and then I'll slaughter thee
    1635And swear I found you where you did fulfill
    The loathsome act of lust, and so did kill
    The lechers in their deed. This act will be
    My fame and thy perpetual infamy.'"
    "With this, I did begin to start and cry;
    1640And then against my heart he set his sword,
    Swearing, unless I took all patiently,
    I should not live to speak another word.
    So should my shame still rest upon record,
    And never be forgot in mighty Rome
    1645Th' adulterate death of Lucrece and her groom."
    "Mine enemy was strong, my poor self weak,
    And far the weaker with so strong a fear.
    My bloody judge forbade my tongue to speak;
    No rightful plea might plead for justice there.
    1650His scarlet lust came evidence to swear
    That my poor beauty had purloined his eyes;
    And when the judge is robbed, the prisoner dies."
    "O, teach me how to make mine own excuse,
    Or, at the least, this refuge let me find:
    1655Though my gross blood be stained with this abuse,
    Immaculate and spotless is my mind.
    That was not forced, that never was inclined
    To accessory yieldings, but still pure
    Doth in her poisoned closet yet endure."
    1660Lo, here the hopeless merchant of this loss,
    With head declined and voice damned up with woe,
    With sad set eyes and wreathèd arms across,
    From lips new waxen pale begins to blow
    The grief away that stops his answer so.
    1665But, wretched as he is, he strives in vain;
    What he breathes out, his breath drinks up again.
    As through an arch the violent roaring tide
    Outruns the eye that doth behold his haste,
    Yet in the eddy boundeth in his pride
    1670Back to the strait that forst him on so fast,
    In rage sent out, recalled in rage, being past;
    Even so his sighs, his sorrows make a saw,
    To push grief on, and back the same grief draw.
    Which speechless woe of his poor she attendeth,
    1675And his untimely frenzy thus awaketh:
    "Dear lord, thy sorrow to my sorrow lendeth
    Another power; no flood by raining slaketh.
    My woe too sensible thy passion maketh
    More feeling-painful. Let it then suffice
    1680To drown one woe, one pair of weeping eyes."
    "And for my sake, when I might charm thee so,
    For she that was thy Lucrece, now attend me.
    Be suddenly revengèd on my foe.
    Thine, mine, his own. Suppose thou dost defend me
    1685From what is past. The help that thou shalt lend me
    Comes all too late, yet let the traitor die,
    For sparing justice feeds iniquity."
    "But ere I name him, you fair lords," quoth she,
    Speaking to those that came with Collatine,
    1690"Shall plight your honorable faiths to me
    With swift pursuit to venge this wrong of mine;
    For 'tis a meritorious fair design
    To chase injustice with revengeful arms.
    Knights, by their oaths, should right poor ladies' harms."
    1695At this request with noble disposition
    Each present lord began to promise aid,
    As bound in knighthood to her imposition,
    Longing to hear the hateful foe bewrayed.
    But she, that yet her sad task hath not said,
    1700The protestation stops. "O, speak," quoth she,
    "How may this forcèd stain be wiped from me?"
    "What is the quality of my offense,
    Being constrained with dreadful circumstance?
    May my pure mind with the foul act dispense,
    1705My low-declinèd honor to advance?
    May any terms acquit me from this chance?
    The poisoned fountain clears itself again,
    And why not I from this compellèd stain?"
    With this they all at once began to say
    1710Her body's stain her mind untainted clears,
    While with a joyless smile she turns away
    The face, that map which deep impression bears
    Of hard misfortune, carved it in with tears.
    "No, no," quoth she, "no dame hereafter living
    1715By my excuse shall claim excuse's giving."
    Here with a sigh, as if her heart would break,
    She throws forth Tarquin's name: "He, he," she says,
    But more then "he" her poor tongue could not speak,
    Till after many accents and delays,
    1720Untimely breathings, sick and short assays,
    She utters this: "He, he, fair lords, 'tis he
    That guides this hand to give this wound to me."
    Even here she sheathèd in her harmless breast
    A harmful knife, that thence her soul unsheathed.
    1725That blow did bail it from the deep unrest
    Of that polluted prison where it breathed.
    Her contrite sighs unto the clouds bequeathed
    Her wingèd sprite, and through her wounds doth fly
    Life's lasting date from canceled destiny.
    1730Stone-still, astonished with this deadly deed
    Stood Collatine and all his lordly crew,
    Till Lucrece' father that beholds her bleed,
    Himself on her self-slaughtered body threw,
    And from the purple fountain Brutus drew
    1735The murd'rous knife, and, as it left the place,
    Her blood, in poor revenge, held it in chase;
    And, bubbling from her breast, it doth divide
    In two slow rivers, that the crimson blood
    Circles her body in on every side,
    1740Who like a late-sacked island vastly stood
    Bare and unpeopled in this fearful flood.
    Some of her blood still pure and red remained,
    And some looked black, and that false Tarquin stained.
    About the mourning and congealèd face
    1745Of that black blood, a wat'ry rigol goes,
    Which seems to weep upon the tainted place;
    And ever since, as pitying Lucrece' woes,
    Corrupted blood some watery token shows,
    And blood untainted still doth red abide,
    1750Blushing at that which is so putrefied.
    "Daughter, dear daughter," old Lucretius cries,
    "That life was mine which thou hast here deprived.
    If in the child the father's image lies,
    Where shall I live now Lucrece is unlived?
    1755Thou wast not to this end from me derived.
    If children predecease progenitors,
    We are their offspring, and they none of ours."
    "Poor broken glass, I often did behold
    In thy sweet semblance my old age new born;
    1760But now that fair fresh mirror, dim and old,
    Shows me a bare-boned death by time outworn.
    O, from thy cheeks my image thou hast torn,
    And shivered all the beauty of my glass,
    That I no more can see what once I was."
    1765"O time, cease thou thy course and last no longer,
    If they surcease to be that should survive.
    Shall rotten death make conquest of the stronger
    And leave the falt'ring feeble souls alive?
    The old bees die, the young possess their hive.
    1770Then live, sweet Lucrece, live again and see
    Thy father die, and not thy father thee."
    By this starts Collatine as from a dream,
    And bids Lucretius give his sorrow place;
    And then in key-cold Lucrece' bleeding stream
    1775He falls and bathes the pale fear in his face
    And counterfeits to die with her a space,
    Till manly shame bids him possess his breath
    And live to be revengèd on her death.
    The deep vexation of his inward soul
    1780Hath served a dumb arrest upon his tongue,
    Who, mad that sorrow should his use control,
    Or keep him from heart-easing words so long,
    Begins to talk; but through his lips do throng
    Weak words, so thick come in his poor heart's aid
    1785That no man could distinguish what he said.
    Yet sometime "Tarquin" was pronouncèd plain,
    But through his teeth, as if the name he tore.
    This windy tempest, till it blow up rain,
    Held back his sorrow's tide to make it more.
    1790At last it rains, and busy winds give o'er;
    Then son and father weep with equal strife
    Who should weep most, for daughter or for wife.
    The one doth call her his, the other his,
    Yet neither may possess the claim they lay.
    1795The father says, "She's mine." "O, mine she is,"
    Replies her husband. "Do not take away
    My sorrow's interest. Let no mourner say
    He weeps for her, for she was only mine,
    And only must be wailed by Collatine."
    1800"O," quoth Lucretius, "I did give that life
    Which she to early and too late hath spilled."
    "Woe, woe," quoth Collatine, "she was my wife.
    I owed her, and 'tis mine that she hath killed."
    "My daughter" and "my wife" with clamors filled
    1805The dispersed air, who, holding Lucrece' life,
    Answered their cries, "my daughter" and "my wife."
    Brutus, who plucked the knife from Lucrece' side,
    Seeing such emulation in their woe,
    Began to clothe his wit in state and pride,
    1810Burying in Lucrece wound his folly's show.
    He with the Romans was esteemèd so
    As silly jeering idiots are with kings,
    For sportive words and utt'ring foolish things.
    But now he throws that shallow habit by
    1815Wherein deep policy did him disguise,
    And armed his long-hid wits advisedly
    To check the tears in Collatinus' eyes.
    "Thou wrongèd lord of Rome," quoth he, "arise.
    Let my unsounded self, supposed a fool,
    1820Now set thy long-experienced wit to school."
    "Why, Collatine, is woe the cure for woe?
    Do wounds help wounds, or grief help grievous deeds?
    Is it revenge to give thyself a blow
    For his foul act by whom the fair wife bleeds?
    1825Such childish humor from weak minds proceeds.
    Thy wretched wife mistook the matter so,
    To slay herself that should have slain her foe."
    "Courageous Roman, do not steep thy heart
    In such relenting dew of lamentations,
    1830But kneel with me and help to bear thy part
    To rouse our Roman gods with invocations
    That they will suffer these abominations --
    Since Rome herself in them doth stand disgraced --
    By our strong arms from forth her fair streets chased."
    1835"Now by the Capitol that we adore,
    And by this chaste blood so unjustly stained,
    By heaven's fair sun that breeds the fat earth's store,
    By all our country rights in Rome maintained,
    And by chaste Lucrece' soul that late complained
    1840Her wrongs to us, and by this bloody knife,
    We will revenge the death of this true wife."
    This said, he struck his hand upon his breast,
    And kissed the fatal knife to end his vow,
    And to his protestation urged the rest,
    1845Who, wond'ring at him, did his words allow.
    Then jointly to the ground their knees they bow,
    And that deep vow which Brutus made before
    He doth again repeat, and that they swore.
    When they had sworn to this advisèd doom,
    1850They did conclude to bear dead Lucrece thence,
    To show her bleeding body thorough Rome,
    And so to publish Tarquin's foul offense;
    Which being done with speedy diligence,
    The Romans plausibly did give consent
    1855To Tarquin's everlasting banishment.