What do you like about the ISE? What could we do better? Please tell us in this 10-minute survey!

Start Survey

Internet Shakespeare Editions

Toolbox

The English possessions in France

English kings and armies spent disproportionate time and

money trying to keep their far-flung possessions in France. But the logistics were impossible; despite some periods of success, notably under Henry V, the empire shrank to Calais alone-- and that last town fell during the reign of Mary.

Go to the section in the historical background that discusses this issue.