Internet Shakespeare Editions

Author: William Shakespeare
Editor: Adrian Kiernander
Peer Reviewed

Richard the Third (Quarto 1, 1597)

King Richard the third.
Containing,His treacherous Plots against his brother Clarence: the pittiefull murther of his iunocent nephewes: his tyrannicall vsurpation: with the whole course of his detested life, and most deserued death.
As it hath beene lately Acted by the
Right honourable the Lord Chamber-
laine his seruants.
¶Printed by Valentine Sims, for Andrew Wise,
dwelling in Paules Chuch-yard, at the
Signe of the Angell.
Enter Richard Duke of Glocester solus.
NOw is the winter of our discontent,
Made glorious summer by this sonne of Yorke:
5And all the cloudes that lowrd vpon our house,
In the deepe bosome of the Ocean buried.
Now are our browes bound with victorious wreathes,
Our bruised armes hung vp for monuments,
Our sterne alarmes changd to merry meetings,
10Our dreadfull marches to delightfull measures.
Grim-visagde warre, hath smoothde his wrinkled front,
And now in steed of mounting barbed steedes,
To fright the soules of fearefull aduersaries.
He capers nimbly in a Ladies chamber,
15To the lasciuious pleasing of a loue.
But I that am not shapte for sportiue trickes,
Nor made to court an amorous looking glasse,
I that am rudely stampt and want loues maiesty,
To strut before a wanton ambling Nymph:
20I that am curtaild of this faire proportion,
Cheated of feature by dissembling nature,
Deformd, vnfinisht, sent before my time
Into this breathing world scarce halfe made vp,
And that so lamely and vnfashionable,
25That dogs barke at me as I halt by them:
Why I in this weake piping time of peace
Haue no delight to passe away the time,
Vnlesse to spie my shadow in the sunne,
And descant on mine owne deformity:
30And therefore since I cannot prooue a louer
To entertaine these faire well spoken daies.
I am determined to prooue a villaine,
And hate the idle pleasures of these daies:
Plots haue I laid inductious dangerous,
35By drunken Prophesies, libels and dreames,
To set my brother Clarence and the King
In deadly hate the one against the other.
And if King Edward be as true and iust,
As I am subtile, false, and trecherous:
40This day should Clarence closely be mewed vp,
About a Prophecy which saies that G.
Of Edwards heires the murtherers shall be.
Diue thoughts downe to my soule, Enter Clarence with a gard of men.
Heere Clarence comes,
45Brother, good dayes, what meanes this armed gard
That waites vpon your grace?
Clar. His Maiesty tendering my persons safety hath ap-
po nted
This conduct to conuay me to the tower.
Glo. Vpon what cause?
50Cla. Because my name is George.
Glo. Alacke my Lord that fault is none of yours,
He should for that commit your Godfathers:
O belike his Maiesty hath some intent
That you shalbe new christened in the Tower.
55But whats the matter Clarence may I know?
Cla. Yea Richard when I know; for I protest
As yet I doe not, but as I can learne,
He harkens after Prophecies and dreames,
And from the crosse-rowe pluckes the letter G:
60And saies a wisard told him that by G,
His issue disinherited should be.
And for my name of George begins with G,
It followes in his thought that I am he.
These as I learne and such like toies as these,
65Haue moued his highnes to commit me now.
Glo. Why this it is when men are rulde by women,
Tis not the King that sends you to the tower,
My Lady Gray his wife, Clarence tis she,
of Richard the third.
That tempers him to this extremity,
70Was it not she and that good man of worshippe
Anthony Wooduile her brother there,
That made him send Lord Hastings to the tower;
From whence this present day he is deliuered?
We are not safe Clarence, we are not safe.
75Cla. By heauen I thinke there is no man is securde,
But the Queenes kindred and night-walking Heralds,
That trudge betwixt the King and Mistresse Shore,
Heard ye not what an humble suppliant
Lord Hastings was to her for his deliuery.
80Glo. Humbly complaining to her deity,
Got my Lord Chamberlaine his liberty.
Ile tell you what, I thinke it is our way,
If we will keepe in fauour with the King,
To be her men and weare her liuery.
85The iealous oreworne widdow and her selfe,
Since that our brother dubd them gentlewomen,
Are mighty gossips in this monarchy.
Bro. I beseech your Graces both to pardon me:
His Maiesty hath streightly giuen in charge,
90That no man shall haue priuate conference,
Of what degree soeuer with his brother.
Glo. Euen so and please your worship Brokenbury,
You may pertake of any thing we say:
We speake no treason man, we say the King
95Is wise and vertuous, and his noble Queene
Well stroke in yeres, faire and not iealous.
We say that Shores wife hath a prety foote,
A cherry lippe, a bonny eie, a passing pleasing tongue:
And that the Queenes kindred are made gentlefolks.
100How say you sir, can you deny all this?
Bro. With this (my Lord) my selfe haue nought to do.
Glo. Naught to do with Mistris Shore, I tell thee fellow,
He that doth naught with her, excepting one
105Were best he doe it secretly alone.
Bro. I beseech your Grace to pardon me, and withal for- (beare
110Your conference with the noble Duke.
A3 We
The Tragedy
Cla. We know thy charge Brokenbury and will obey,
Glo. We are the Queenes abiects and must obey.
Brother farewell, I will vnto the King,
And whatsoeuer you will imploy me in,
115Were it to call King Edwards widdow sister,
I will performe it to enfranchise you,
Meane time this deepe disgrace in brotherhood,
Touches me deeper then you can imagine.
Cla. I know it pleaseth neither of vs well:
120Glo. Well, your imprisonment shall not be long,
I will deliuer you or lie for you,
Meane time haue patience.
Cla. I must perforce; farewell. Exit Clar.
Glo. Go treade the path that thou shalt nere returne,
125Simple plaine Clarence I doe loue thee so,
That I will shortly send thy soule to heauen,
If heauen will take the present at our hands:
But who comes here the new deliuered hastings?
Enter Lord Hastings.
130Hast. Good time of day vnto my gratious Lord:
Glo. As much vnto my good Lord Chamberlaine:
Well are you welcome to the open aire,
How hath your Lordship brookt imprisonment?
Hast. With patience (noble Lord) as prisoners must:
135But I shall liue my Lord to giue them thankes
That were the cause of my imprisonment.
Glo. No doubt, no doubt, and so shal Clarence too,
For they that were your enemies are his,
And haue preuaild as much on him as you.
140Hast. More pitty that the Eagle should be mewed,
While keihts and bussards prey at liberty.
Glo. What newes abroad?
Hast. No newes so bad abroad as this at home:
The King is sickly, weake and melancholy,
145And his Phisitions feare him mightily.
Glo. Now by Saint Paul this newes is bad indeede,
Oh he hath kept an euill diet long,
And ouermuch consumed his royall person,
of Richard the third.
Tis very grieuous to be thought vpon:
150What is he in his bed?
Hast. He is.
Glo. Go you before and I will follow you. Exit Hast.
He cannot liue I hope, and must not die,
155Till George be packt with post horse vp to heauen.
Ile in to vrge his hatred more to Clarence,
With lies well steeld with weighty arguments,
And if I faile not in my deepe intent,
Clarence hath not an other day to liue
160Which done, God take King Edward to his mercy,
And leaue the world for me to bussell in,
For then Ile marry Warwicks yongest daughter:
What though I kild her husband and her father,
The readiest way to make the wench amends,
165Is to become her husband and her father:
The which will I, not all so much for loue,
As for another secret close intent.
By marrying her which I must reach vnto.
But yet I run before my horse to market:
170Clarence still breathes, Edward still liues and raignes,
When they are gone then must I count my gaines. Exit.
Enter Lady Anne with the hearse of Harry the 6.
175Lady An. Set downe set downe your honourable lo
If honor may be shrowded in a hearse,
Whilst I a while obsequiously lament
The vntimely fall of vertuous Lancaster:
Poore kei-cold figure of a holy King,
180Pale ashes of the house of Lancaster,
Thou bloudlesse remnant of that royall bloud,
Be it lawfull that I inuocate thy ghost,
To heare the lamentations of poore Anne,
Wife to thy Edward, to thy slaughtered sonne,
185Stabd by the selfesame hands that made these holes,
Lo in those windowes that let foorth thy life,
I powre the helplesse balme of my poore eies,
Curst be the hand that made these fatall holes,
Curst be the heart that had the heart to doe it.
The Tragedy
More direfull hap betide that hated wretch,
That makes vs wretched by the death of thee:
Than I can wish to adders, spiders, toades,
Or any creeping venomde thing that liues.
195If euer he haue child abortiue be it,
Prodigious and vntimely brought to light:
Whose vgly and vnnaturall aspect,
May fright the hopefull mother at the view.
200If euer he haue wife, let her be made
As miserable by the death of him,
As I am made by my poore Lord and thee.
Come now towards Chertsey with your holy loade,
Taken from Paules to be interred there:
205And still as you are weary of the waight,
Rest you whiles I lament King Henries corse.
Enter Glocester.
Glo. Stay you that beare the corse and set it downe.
La. What blacke magitian coniures vp this fiend,
210To stop deuoted charitable deedes.
Glo. Villaine set downe the corse, or by S. Paule,
Ile make a corse of him that disobeies.
Gent. My Lord, stand backe and let the coffin passe.
Glo. Vnmanerd dog, stand thou when I command,
Aduance thy halbert higher than my brest,
Or by Saint Paul Ile strike thee to my foote,
And spurne vpon thee begger for thy boldnes.
La. What doe you tremble, are you all afraid?
220Alas, I blame you not, for you are mortall,
And mortall eies cannot endure the diuell.
Auaunt thou dreadfull minister of hell,
Thou hadst but power ouer his mortall body,
His soule thou canst not haue, therefore be gone.
225Glo. Sweete Saint, for Charity be not so curst.
La. Foule Diuell, for Gods sake hence & trouble vs not,
For thou hast made the happy earth thy hell:
Fild it with cursing cries and deepe exclaimes.
230If thou delight to view thy hainous deedes,
Behold this patterne of thy butcheries.
of Richard the third.
Oh gentlemen see, see dead Henries woundes,
Open their congeald mouthes and bleede a fresh.
Blush blush thou lumpe of foule deformity,
235For tis thy presence that exhales this bloud,
From cold and empty veines where no bloud dwells.
Thy deed inhumane and vnnaturall,
Prouokes this deluge most vnnaturall.
Oh God which this bloud madest, reuenge his death,
240Oh earth which this bloud drinkst, reuenge his death:
Either heauen with lightning strike the murtherer dead,
Or earth gape open wide and eate him quicke.
As thou doest swallow vp this good Kings bloud,
Which his hell-gouernd arme hath butchered.
245Glo. Lady you know no rules of charity,
Which renders good for bad, blessings for curses.
Lady Villaine thou knowest no law of God nor man:
No beast so fierce but knowes some touch of pitty.
Glo. But I know none, and therefore am no beast.
250Lady Oh wonderfull when Diuels tell the troth.
Glo. More wonderfull when Angels are so angry
Voutsafe deuine perfection of a woman,
Of these supposed euils to giue me leaue,
By circumstance but to acquite my selfe.
255La. Vouchsafe defused infection of a man,
For these knowne euils but to giue me leaue,
By circumstance to curse thy cursed selfe.
Glo. Fairer then tongue can name thee, let me haue
Some patient leisure to excuse my selfe.
260La. Fouler then heart can thinke thee thou canst make
No excuse currant but to hang thy selfe.
Glo. By such despaire I should accuse my selfe.
Lad. And by despairing shouldst thou stand excusde,
265For doing worthy vengeance on thy selfe,
Which didst vnworthy slaughter vpon others.
Glo. Say that I slew them not.
La. Why then they are not dead,
But dead they are, and diuelish slaue by thee.
270Glo. I did not kill your husband.
B La
The Tragedy
La. Why then he is aliue.
Glo. Nay, he is dead, and slaine by Edwards hand.
La. In thy foule throat thou liest, Queene Margaret saw
275Thy bloudy faulchion smoking in his bloud,
The which thou once didst bend against her brest,
But that thy brothers beat aside the point.
Glo. I was prouoked by her slaunderous tongue,
Which laid their guilt vpon my guiltlesse shoulders.
280La. Thou wast prouoked by thy bloudy minde,
Which neuer dreamt on ought but butcheries,
Didst thou not kill this King. Glo.I grant yea.
La. Doest grant me hedghogge then god grant me too
Thou maiest be damnd for that wicked deede,
Oh he was gentle, milde, and vertuous.
Glo. The fitter for the King of Heauen that hath him.
La. He is in heauen where thou shalt neuer come.
290Glo. Let him thanke me that holpe to send him thither,
For he was fitter for that place then earth,
La. And thou vnfit for any place but hell.
Glo. Yes one place els if you will heare me name it.
295La. Some dungeon. Glo. Your bedchamber.
La. Ill rest betide the chamber where thou liest.
Glo. So will it Madame till I lie with you.
La. I hope so.
300Glo. I know so, but gentle Lady Anne,
To leaue this keen incounter of our wits,
And fall somewhat into a slower methode:
Is not the causer of the timeles deaths,
Of these Plantagenets Henry and Edward,
305As blamefull as the executioner.
La. Thou art the cause and most accurst effect.
Glo. Your beauty was the cause of that effect,
Your beauty which did haunt me in my sleepe:
To vndertake the death of all the world
310So I might rest one houre in your sweete bosome.
La. If I thought that I tell thee homicide,
These nailes should rend that beauty from my cheekes.
Glo. These eies could neuer indure sweet beauties wrack,
of Richard the third.
You should not blemish them if I stood by:
315As all the world is cheered by the sonne,
So I by that, it is my day, my life.
La. Blacke night ouershade thy day, and death thy life.
Glo. Curse not thy selfe faire creature, thou art both.
320La. I would I were to be reuenged on thee.
Glo. It is a quarrell most vnnaturall,
To be reuengd on him that loueth you.
La. It is a quarrell iust and reasonable,
To be reuengd on him that slew my husband.
325Glo. He that bereft thee Lady of thy husband,
Did it to helpe thee to a better husband.
La. His better doth not breath vpon the earth.
Glo. Go to, he liues that loues you better then he could.
La. Name him.Glo. Plantagenet.
La. Why that was hee.
Glo. The selfesame name but one of better nature.
La. Where is he. Shee spitteth at him.
Glo. Heere.
335Why doest thou spitte at me.
La. Would it were mortall poison for thy sake.
Glo. Neuer came poison from so sweete a place.
La. Neuer hung poison on a fouler toade,
Out of my sight thou doest infect my eies.
340Glo. Thine eies sweete Lady haue infected mine.
La. Would they were basiliskes to strike thee dead.
Glo. I would they were that I might die at once,
For now they kill me with a liuing death:
Those eies of thine from mine haue drawen salt teares,
345Shamd their aspect with store of childish drops:
I neuer sued to friend nor enemy,
My tongue could neuer learne sweete soothing words:
360But now thy beauty is proposde my fee:
My proud heart sues and prompts my tongue to speake,
Teach not thy lips such scorne, for they were made
For kissing Lady not for such contempt.
365If thy reuengefull heart cannot forgiue,
Lo here I lend thee this sharpe pointed sword:
B2 Which
The Tragedy
Which if thou please to hide in this true bosome,
And let the soule forth that adoreth thee:
I laie it naked to the deadly stroke,
370And humbly beg the death vpon my knee.
Nay, doe not pawse, twas I that kild your husband,
But twas thy beauty that prouoked me:
Nay now dispatch twas I that kild King Henry:
375But twas thy heauenly face that set me on: Here she lets fall the sword.
Take vp the sword againe or take vp me.
La. Arise dissembler, though I wish thy death,
I will not be the executioner.
380Glo. Then bid me kill my selfe, and I will doe it.
La. I haue already.
Glo. Tush that was in thy rage:
Speake it againe, and euen with the word,
That hand which for thy loue did kill thy loue,
385Shall for thy loue, kill a farre truer loue:
To both their deaths shalt thou be accessary.
La. I would I knew thy heart.
Glo. Tis figured in my tongue.
La. I feare me both are false.
390Glo. Then neuer was man true.
La. Well, well, put vp your sword.
Glo. Say then my peace is made.
La. That shall you know hereafter.
Glo. But shall I liue in hope.
395La. All men I hope liue so.
Glo. Voutsafe to weare this ring.
396.1La. To take is not to giue.
Glo. Looke how this ring incompasseth thy finger,
Euen so thy breast incloseth my poore heart.
Weare both of them for both of them are thine,
400And if thy poore deuoted suppliant may
But beg one fauour at thy gratious hand,
Thou doest confirme his happines for euer.
La. What is it?
Glo. That it would please thee leaue these sad designes,
405To him that hath more cause to be a mourner,
of Richard the third.
And presently repaire to Crosbie place,
Where after I haue solemnly interred
At Chertsie monastery this noble King,
And wet his graue with my repentant teares,
410I will with all expedient dutie see you:
For diuers vnknowne reasons, I beseech you
Grant me this boone.
La. With all my heart, and much it ioies me too,
To see you are become so penitent:
415Tressi}ll and Barkley go along with me.
Glo. Bid me farewell.
La. Tis more then you deserue:
But since you teach me how to flatter you,
Imagine I haue said farewell already. Exit.
420Glo. Sirs take vp the corse.
Ser. Towards Chertsie noble Lord.
Glo. No, to white Friers there attend my comming.
Was euer woman in this humor woed, Exeunt. manet Gl.
425Was euer woman in this humor wonne:
Ile haue her, but I will not keepe her long.
What I that kild her husband and his father,
To take her in her hearts extreamest hate:
With curses in her mouth, teares in her eies,
430The bleeding witnesse of her hatred by,
Hauing God, her conscience, and these bars against me:
And I nothing to backe my suite at all,
But the plaine Diuell and dissembling lookes,
And yet to win her all the world to nothing. Hah
Hath she forgot already that braue Prince
Edward, her Lord whom I some three months since,
Stabd in my angry moode at Tewxbery,
A sweeter and a louelier gentleman,
440Framd in the prodigality of nature:
Young, valiant, wise, and no doubt right royall,
The spacious world cannot againe affoord:
And will she yet debase her eyes on me
That cropt the golden prime of this sweete Prince,
445And made her widdow to a wofull bed,
B3 On
The Tragedy
On me whose all not equals Edwards moity,
On me that halt, and am vnshapen thus.
My Dukedome to a beggerly denier.
I doe mistake my person all this while,
450Vpon my life she findes, although I cannot
My selfe, to be a merueilous proper man.
Ile be at charges for a looking glasse,
And entertaine some score or two of taylers,
To study fashions to adorne my body,
455Since I am crept in fauour with my selfe,
I will maintaine it with some little cost:
But first Ile turne yon fellow in his graue,
And then returne lamenting to my loue.
Shine out faire sunne till I haue bought a glasse,
460That I may see my shadow as I passe. Exit.
Enter Queene, Lord Riuers, Gray.
Ri. Haue patience Madame, theres no doubt his Maie-(stie
465Will soone recouer his accustomed health.
Gray In that you brooke it, ill it makes him worse,
Therefore for Gods sake entertaine good comfort,
And cheere his grace quick and mery words,
Qu. If he were dead what would betide of me.
Ry. No other harme but losse of such a Lord.
Qu. The losse of such a Lord includes all harme.
Gr. The heauens haue blest you with a goodly sonne,
To be your comforter when he is gone.
475Qu. Oh he is young, and his minority
Is put vnto the trust of Rich. Glocester,
A man that loues not me nor none of you.
Ri. Is it concluded he shall be protector?
Qu. It is determinde, not concluded yet,
480But so it must be if the King miscarry. ( Enter Buck. Darby
Gr. Here come the Lords of Buckingham and Darby.
Buck. Good time of day vnto your royall grace.
Dar. God make your Maiesty ioyfull as you haue been.
485Qu. The Countesse Richmond good my Lo: of Darby,
To your good praiers will scarcely say, Amen:
Yet Darby notwithstanding, shees your wife,
of Richard the third.
And loues not me, be you good Lo. assurde
I hate not you for her proud arrogance.
490Dar. I doe beseech you either not beleeue
The enuious slaunders of her false accusers,
Or if she be accusde in true report,
Beare with her weakenes which I thinke proceedes
From wayward sicknesse, and no grounded malice.
495Ry. Saw you the King to day, my Lo: of Darby?
Dar. But now the Duke of Buckingham and I
Came from visiting his Maiesty.
Qu. With likelihood of his amendment Lords?
Buc. Madame good hope, his Grace speakes cheerfully.
500Qu. God grant him health, did you confer with him.
Buc. Madame we did: He desires to make attonement
Betwixt the Duke of Glocester and your brothers,
And betwixt them and my Lord chamberlaine,
And sent to warne them to his royall presence.
505Qu. Would all were well, but that will neuer be.
I feare our happines is at the highest. Enter Glocester.
Glo. They doe me wrong and I will not endure it,
Who are they that complaines vnto the King,
510That I forsooth am sterne and loue them not:
By holy Paul they loue his grace but lightly,
That fill his eares with such discentious rumors:
Because I cannot flatter and speake faire,
Smile in mens faces, smoothe, dcceiue and cog,
515Ducke with french nods and apish courtesie,
I must be held a rankerous enimy.
Cannot a plaine man liue and thinke no harme,
But thus his simple truth must be abusde,
By silken slie insinuating iackes?
520Ry. To whom in all this presence speakes your Grace?
Glo. To thee that hast nor honesty nor grace,
When haue I iniured thee, when done thee wrong,
Or thee or thee or any of your faction:
A plague vpon you all. His royall person
525(Whom God preserue better then you would wish)
Cannot be quiet scarce a breathing while,
The Tragedy
But you must trouble him with lewd complaints.
Qu. Brother of Glocester, you mistake the matter:
The King of his owne royall disposition,
530And not prouokt by any suiter else,
Ayming belike at your interiour hatred,
Which in your outward actions shewes it selfe,
Against my kindred, brother, and my selfe:
Makes him to send that thereby he may gather
The ground of your ill will and to remoue it.
535Glo. I cannot tell, the world is growen so bad
That wrens make pray where Eagles dare not pearch,
Since euery Iacke became a Gentleman:
Theres many a gentle person made a Iacke.
Qu. Come come, we know your meaning brother Gl.
540You enuy my aduancement and my friends,
God graunt we neuer may haue neede of you.
Glo. Meane time God grants that we haue neede of you,
Our brother is imprisoned by your meanes,
My selfe disgract, and the nobility
545Held in contempt, whilst many faire promotions,
Are daily giuen to enoble those
That scarce some two daies since were worth a noble.
Qu. By him that raisde me to this carefull height,
From that contented hap which I enioyd,
550I neuer did incense his Maiesty
Against the Duke of Clarence: but haue beene,
An earnest aduocate to pleade for him.
My Lord you doe me shamefull iniury,
Falsely to draw me in these vile suspects.
555Glo. You may deny that you were not the cause,
Of my Lord Hastings late imprisonment.
Ryu. She may my Lord.
Glo. She may Lo: Ryuers, why who knowes not so?
She may doe more Sir then denying that:
560She may helpe you to many faire preferments,
And then deny her ayding hand therein,
And lay those honours on your high deserts,
What may she not, she may, yea marry may she.
of Richard the third.
Ry. What mary may she.
565Glo. What mary may she, marry with a King,
A batchelor, a handsome stripling too.
Iwis your Grandam had a worser match.
Qu. My Lo: of Glocester, I haue too long borne
Your blunt vpbraidings and your bitter scoffes,
570By heauen I will acquaint his Maiesty
With those grose taunts I often haue endured:
I had rather be a countrey seruant maid,
Then a great Queene with this condition,
To be thus taunted, scorned, and baited at: Enter Qu. Margaret.
575Small ioy haue I in being Englands Queene.
Qu. Mar. And lesned be that smal, God I beseech thee,
Thy honour, state, and seate is due to me.
Glo. What? threat you me with telling of the King,
580Tell him and spare not, looke what I haue said,
I will auouch in presence of the King:
Tis time to speake, my paines are quite forgot.
Qu. Mar. Out diuell I remember them too well,
Thou slewest my husband Henry in the tower,
And Edward my poore sonne at Teuxbery.
Glo. Ere you were Queene, yea or your husband King.
590I was a packhorse in his great affaires,
A weeder out of his proud aduersaries,
A liberall rewarder of his friends:
To royalize his bloud I spilt mine owne.
Qu. Mar. Yea and much better bloud then his or thine.
Glo. In all which time you and your husband Gray,
Were factious for the house of Lancaster:
And Ryuers, so were you, was not your husband
In Margarets battaile at Saint Albones slaine:
600Let me put in your mindes, if yours forget
What you haue beene ere now, and what you are.
Withall, what I haue been, and what I am.
Qu. Ma. A murtherous villaine, and so still thou art.
Glo. Poore Clarence did forsake his father Warwicke,
605Yea and forswore himselfe (which Iesu pardon.)
Qu. Ma. Which God reuenge.
C Clo.
The Tragedy
Glo. To fight on Edwards party for the crowne,
And for his meede poore Lo: he is mewed vppe:
I would to God my heart were flint like Edwards,
610Or Edwards soft and pittifull like mine,
I am too childish, foolish for this world.
Qu. Ma. Hie thee to hell for shame and leaue the world
Thou Cacodemon, there thy kingdome is.
Ry. My Lo: of Glocester in those busie daies,
615Which here you vrge to proue vs enemies,
We followed then our Lo: our lawfull King,
So should we you if you should be our King.
Glo. If I should be? I had rather be a pedler,
Farre be it from my heart the thought of it.
620Qu. As little ioy my Lord as you suppose
You should enioy, were you this countries King,
As little ioy may you suppose in me,
That I enioy being the Queene thereof.
Qu. M . A little ioy enioies the Queene thereof,
625For I am she and altogether ioylesse.
I can no longer hold me patient:
Heare me you wrangling Pyrats that fall out,
In sharing that which you haue pild from me:
Which of you trembles not that lookes on me?
630If not, that I being Queene you bow like subiects,
Yet that by you deposde you quake like rebels:
O gentle villaine doe not turne away.
Glo. Foule wrinckled witch what makst thou in my sight?
Q. Ma. But repetition of what thou hast mard,
635That will I make before I let thee go:
A husband and a son thou owest to me,
640And thou a kingdome, all of you allegeance:
The sorrow that I haue by right is yours,
And all the pleasures you vsurpe are mine.
Glo. The curse my noble father laid on thee,
When thou didst crowne his warlike browes with paper,
645And with thy scorne drewst riuers from his eies,
And then to drie them gau'st the Duke a clout,
Steept in the faultlesse bloud of pretty Rutland:
of Richard the third.
His curses then from bitternes of soule
Denounst, against thee, are all fallen vpon thee,
650And God, not we, hath plagde thy bloudy deede.
Qu. So iust is God to right the innocent.
Hast. O twas the foulest deede to slaie that babe,
And the most mercilesse that euer was heard of.
Riu. Tyrants themselues wept when it was reported.
655Dors. No man but prophecied reuenge for it.
Buch. Northumberland then present wept to see it.
Qu. M. What? were you snarling all before I came,
Ready to catch each other by the throat,
And turne you all your hatred now on me?
660Did Yorkes dread curse preuaile so much with heauen,
That Henries death my louely Edwards death,
Their kingdomes losse, my wofull banishment,
Could all but answere for that peeuish brat?
Can curses pierce the clouds and enter heauen?
665Why then giue way dull cloudes to my quicke curses:
If not, by war, by surfet die your King,
As ours by murder to make him a King.
Edward thy sonne which now is Prince of Wales,
For Edward my sonne which was Prince of Wales,
670Die in his youth by like vntimely violence,
Thy selfe a Queene, for me that was a Queene,
Outliue thy glory like my wretched selfe:
Long maiest thou liue to waile thy childrens losse,
And see another as I see thee now
675Deckt in thy rights, as thou art stald in mine:
Long die thy happy daies before thy death,
And after many lengthened houres of griefe,
Die neither mother, wife, nor Englands Queene:
Riuers and Dorset you were standers by,
680And so wast thou Lo: Hastings when my sonne
Was stabd with bloudy daggers, god I pray him,
That none of you may liue your naturall age,
But by some vnlookt accident cut off.
Glo. Haue done thy charme thou hatefull withred hag.
685Q M. And leaue out the stay dog for thou shalt hear me
C2 Excee
The Tragedy
If heauen haue any grieuous plague in store,
Exceeding those that I can wish vpon thee:
O let them keepe it till thy sinnes be ripe,
And then hurle downe their indignation
690On thee the troubler of the poore worlds peace:
The worme of conscience still begnaw thy soule,
Thy friends suspect for traitors while thou liuest,
And take deepe traitors for thy dearest friends:
No sleepe, close vp that deadly eye of thine,
695Vnlesse it be whilest some tormenting dreame
Affrights thee with a hell of vgly diuels.
Thou eluish markt abortiue rooting hog,
Thou that wast seald in thy natiuity
The slaue of nature, and the sonne of hell,
700Thou slaunder of thy mothers heauy wombe,
Thou lothed issue of thy fathers loynes,
Thou rag of honour, thou detested, &c.
Glo. Margaret.
Qu. M. Richard.Glo. Ha.
705Qu. M . I call thee not.
Glo. Then I crie thee mercy, for I had thought
That thou hadst cald me all these bitter names.
Qu M. Why so I did, but lookt for no reply,
O Let me make the period to my curse.
710Glo. Tis done by me, and ends in Margaret.
Qu. Thus haue you breathed your curse against your (selfe.
Qu. M . Poore painted Queene, vaine flourish of my for- (tune
Why strewest thou suger on that bottled spider,
Whose deadly web ensnareth thee about?
715Foole foole, thou whetst a knife to kill thy selfe,
The time will come that thou shalt wish for me,
To helpe thee curse that poisenous bunchbackt toade.
Hast. False boading woman, end thy frantike curse,
Lest to thy harme thou moue our patience.
720Q. M . Foule shame vpon you, you haue all mou'd mine,
Ri. Were you well seru'd you would be taught your duty.
Q. M . To serue me well, you all should doe me duty,
Teach me to be your Queene, and you my subiects:
of Richard the third.
O serue me well, and teach your selues that duty.
725Dors. Dispute not with her, she is lunatique.
Q M . Peace Master Marques you are malapert,
Your fire-new stampe of honour is scarse currant:
O that your young nobility could iudge,
What twere to loose it and be miserable:
730They that stand high haue many blast to shake them,
And if they fall they dash themselues to pieces.
Glo. Good counsell mary, learne it learne it Marques.
Dor. It toucheth you my Lo: asmuch as me.
735Glo. Yea and much more, but I was borne so high,
Our aiery buildeth in the Cedars top,
And dallies with the winde, and scornes the sunne.
Qu. M . And turnes the sun to shade, alas, alas,
Witnes my son, now in the shade of death,
740Whose bright outshining beames, thy cloudy wrath
Hath in eternall darkenes foulded vp:
Your aiery buildeth in our aieries nest,
O God that seest it, doe not suffer it:
As it was wonne with bloud, lost be it so.
745Buck. Haue done for shame, if not for charity.
Qu. M . Vrge neither charity nor shame to me,
Vncharitably with me haue you dealt,
And shamefully by you my hopes are butcherd,
My charity is outrage, life my shame,
750And in my shame, still liue my sorrowes rage.
Buck. Haue done.
Q. M . O Princely Buckingham, I will kisse thy hand
In signe of league and amity with thee:
Now faire befall thee and thy Princely house,
755Thy garments are not spotted with our bloud,
Nor thou within the compasse of my curse.
Buc. Nor no one here, for curses neuer passe
The lips of those that breath them in the aire.
Q. M. Ile not beleeue but they ascend the skie,
760And there awake gods gentle sleeping peace.
O Buckingham beware of yonder dog,
Looke when he fawnes, he bites, and when he bites,
C3 His
The Tragedy
His venome tooth will rackle thee to death,
Haue not to doe with him, beware of him:
765Sinne, death and hell, haue set their markes on him,
And all their ministers attend on him.
Glo. What doth she say my Lo: of Buckingham?
Buck. Nothing that I respect my gratious Lord.
Qu. M. What doest thou scorne me for my gentle coun-(sell,
And sooth the diuell that I warne thee from:
O but remember this another day,
When he shall split thy very heart with sorrow,
And say poore Margaret was a prophetesse:
775Liue each of you the subiects of his hate,
And he to your, and all of you to Gods. Exit.
Hast. My haire doth stand on end to heare her curses.
Ryu. And so doth mine, I wonder shees at liberty.
Glo. I cannot blame her by gods holy mother,
780She hath had too much wrong, and I repent
My part thereof that I haue done.
Qu. I neuer did her any to my knowledge.
Glo. But you haue all the vantage of this wrong.
I was too hoat to doe some body good,
785That is too cold in thinking of it now:
Marry as for Clarence he is well repaid,
He is franckt vp to fatting for his paines,
God pardon them that are the cause of it.
Ryu. A vertuous and a Christianlike conclusion,
790To pray for them that haue done scathe to vs.
Glo. So doe I euer being well aduisde,
For had I curst, now I had curst my selfe.
795Cates. Madam his Maiesty doth call for you,
And for your Grace, and you my noble Lo:
Qu Catesby we come, Lords will you go with vs.
Ry. Madame we will attend your grace. Exeunt man. Ri.
800Glo. I doe the wrong, and first began to braule
The secret mischiefes that I set abroach,
I lay vnto the grieuous charge of others:
Clarence whom I indeed haue laid in darkenes,
I doe beweepe to many simple guls:
of Richard the third.
805Namely to Hastings, Darby, Buckingham,
And say it is the Queene and her allies,
That stirre the King against the Duke my brother.
Now they beleeue me, and withall whet me,
To be reuenged on Ryuers, Vaughan, Gray:
810But then I sigh, and with a piece of scripture,
Tell them that God bids vs doe good for euill:
And thus I clothe my naked villany,
With old odde ends stolne out of holy writ,
And seeme a Saint when most I play the Diuell:
But soft here come my executioners. Enter Executioners.
How now my hardy stout resolued mates,
Are you now going to dispatch this deede.
Execu. We are my Lord, and come to haue the warrant,
820That we may be admitted where he is.
Glo. It was well thought vpon, I haue it here about me,
When you haue done repaire to Crosby place;
But sirs; be sudden in the execution,
Withall, obdurate, doe not heare him pleade,
825For Clarence is well spoken, and perhaps,
May, moue your harts to pitty if you marke him.
Exec. Tush feare not my Lo: we will not stand to prate,
Talkers are no good doers be assured:
We come to vse our hands, and not our tongues.
830Gl. Your eies drop milstones when fooles eies drop tears,
I like you lads, about your busines. Exeunt.
Enter Clarence, Brokenbury.
Brok. Why lookes your grace so heauily to day?
Clar. Oh I haue past a miserable night,
So full of vgly sights, of gastly dreames,
840That as I am a christian faithfull man,
I would not spend another such a night,
Though twere to buy a world of happy daies,
So full of dismall terror was the time.
Brok. What was your dreame, I long to heare you tell it.
845Cla. Me thoughts I was imbarkt for Burgundy,
And in my company my brother Glocester,
Who from my cabbine tempted me to walke,
The Tragedy
Vpon the hatches thence we lookt toward England,
850And cited vp a thousand fearefull times,
During the wars of Yorke and Lancaster:
That had befallen vs, as we pact along,
Vpon the giddy footing of the hatches:
Me thought that Glocester stumbled, and in stumbling,
855Stroke me that thought to stay him ouer board,
Into the tumbling billowes of the maine.
Lord, Lord, me thought what paine it was to drowne,
What dreadfull noise of waters in my eares,
What vgly sights of death within my eies:
860Me thought I sawe a thousand fearefull wracks,
Ten thousand men, that fishes gnawed vpon,
Wedges of gold, great anchors, heapes of pearle,
Inestimable stones, vnualued Iewels,
865Some lay in dead mens sculs, and in those holes,
Where eies did once inhabite, there were crept
As twere in scorne of eies reflecting gems,
Which woed the slimy bottome of the deepe,
And mockt the dead bones that lay scattered by.
870Brok. Had you sueh leisure in the time of death,
To gaze vpon the secrets of the deepe?
Clar. Me thought I had, for still the enuious floud
Kept in my soule, and would not let it foorth,
875To seeke the emptie vast and wandering aire,
But smothered it within my panting bulke,
Which almost burst to belch it in the sea.
Brok. Awakt you not with this sore agony.
Cla. O no, my dreame was lengthned after life,
880O then began the tempest to my soule,
Who past me thought the melancholy floud,
With that grim ferriman, which Poets write of,
Vnto the kingdome of perpetuall night:
The first that there did greet my stranger soule,
885Was my great father in law renowmed Warwicke,
Who cried alowd what scourge for periury.
Can this darke monarchy affoord false Clarence,
And so he vanisht, then came wandring by,
A sha
of Richard the third.
A shadow like an angell in bright haire,
890Dabled in bloud, and he squakt out alowd,
Clarence is come, false, fleeting, periurd Clarence,
That stabd me in the field by Teuxbery:
Seaze on him furies, take him to your torments,
With that me thoughts a legion of foule fiends
895Enuirond me about, and howled in mine eares
Such hideous cries, that with the very noise
I trembling, wakt, and for a season after
Could not beleeue but that I was in hell,
Such terrible impression made the dreame.
900Bro. No marueile my Lo: though it affrighted you,
I promise you, I am afraid to heare you tell it.
Cla. O Brokenbury I haue done those things,
Which now beare euidence against my soule
For Edwards sake, and see how he requites me.
I pray thee gentle keeper stay by me,
910My soule is heauy, and I faine would sleepe.
Bro. I will my Lo: God giue your Grace good rest,
Sorrowe breake seasons, and reposing howers
Makes the night morning, and the noonetide night,
915Princes haue but their titles for their glories,
An outward honour, for an inward toile,
And for vnfelt imagination,
They often feele a world of restlesse cares:
So that betwixt their titles and lowe names,
920Theres nothing differs but the outward fame.
The murtherers enter.
In Gods name what are you, and how came you hither?
925Execu. I would speake with Clarence, and I came hither (on my legs.
Bro. Yea, are you so briefe.
2 Exe. O sir, it is better to be briefe then tedious,
Shew him our commission, talke no more. He readeth it.
930Bro. I am in this commanded to deliuer
The noble Duke of Clarence to your hands,
I will not reason what is meant hereby,
Because I wilbe guiltles of the meaning:
Here are the keies, there sits the Duke a sleepe,
D Ile
The Tragedy
935Ile to his Maiesty, and certifie his Grace,
That thus I haue resignd my charge to you.
Exe. Doe so, it is a point of wisedome.
2 What shall I stab him as he sleepes?
9401 No then he will say it was done cowardly
When he wakes.
2 When he wakes,
Why foole he shall neuer wake till the iudgement day.
1 Why then he will say, we stabd him sleeping.
2 The vrging of that word Iudgement, hath bred
945A kind of remorse in me.
1 What art thou afraid.
2 Not to kill him hauing a warrant for it, but to be dānd
For killing him, from which no warrant can defend vs.
1 Backe to the Duke of Glocester, tell him so.
2 I pray thee stay a while, I hope my holy humor will
Change, twas wont to hold me but while one would tel xx.
1 How doest thou feele thy selfe now?
2 Faith some certaine dregs of conscience are yet with (in me.
1 Remember our reward when the deede is done.
9602 Zounds he dies, I had forgot the reward.
1 Where is thy conscience now?
2 In the Duke of Glocesters purse.
1 So when he opens his purse to giue vs our reward,
Thy conscience flies out.
9652 Let it go, theres few or none will entertaine it,
1 How if it come to thee againe?
2 Ile not meddle with it, it is a dangerous thing,
It makes a man a coward: A man cannot steale,
But it accuseth him: he cannot sweare, but it checks him:
970He cannot lie with his neighbors wife, but it detects
Him. It is a blushing shamefast spirit, that mutinies
In a mans bosome: it fils one full of obstacles,
It made me once restore a purse of gold that I found,
It beggers any man that keepes it: it is turned out of all
975Townes and Citties for a dangerous thing, and euery
Man that meanes to liue wel, endeuors to trust to
To himselfe, and to liue without it.
1 Zounds
of Richard the third.
1 Zounds it is euen now at my elbowe perswading me
980Not to kill the Duke.
2 Take the diuell in thy minde, and beleeue him not,
He would insinuate with thee to make thee sigh.
1 Tut, I am strong in fraud, he cannot preuaile with me,
983.1I warrant thee.
2 Spoke like a tall fellow that respects his reputation.
985Come shall we to this geere.
1 Take him ouer the costard with the hilts of thy sword,
And then we wil chop him in the malmsey But in the next (roome.
2 Oh excellent deuice, make a sop of him.
9901 Harke he stirs, shall I strike.
2 No, first lets reason with him.
Cla. Where art thou keeper, giue me a cup of wine.
1 You shall haue wine enough my Lo: anon.
995Cla. In Gods name what art thou.
2 A man as you are.
Cla. But not as I am, royall.
2 Nor you as we are, loyall.
Cla. Thy voice is thunder, but thy lookes are humble.
10002 My voice is now the Kings, my lookes mine owne.
Cla. How darkly, and how deadly doest thou speake:
Tell me who are you, wherefore come you hither?
Am. To, to, to.
1005Cla. To murther me. Am. I.
Cla. You scarcely haue the hearts to tell me so,
And therefore cannot haue the hearts to doe it.
Wherein my friends haue I offended you?
10101 Offended vs you haue not, but the King.
Cla. I shal be reconcild to him againe.
2 Neuer my Lo: therfore prepare to die.
Cla. Are you cald foorth from out a world of men
To slay the innocent? what is my offence.
1015Where are the euidence that doe accuse me:
What lawfull quest haue giuen their verdict vp
Vnto the frowning Iudge, or who pronounst
The bitter sentence of poore Clarence death,
Before I be conuict by course of law?
D2 To
The Tragedy
1020To threaten me with death, is most vnlawfull:
I charge you as you hope to haue redemption,
1021.1By Christs deare bloud shed for our grieuous sinnes,
That you depart and lay no hands on me,
The deede you vndertake is damnable.
1 What we will doe, we doe vpon command.
10252 And he that hath commanded, is the King.
Clar. Erronious Vassaile, the great King of Kings,
Hath in the tables of his law commanded,
That thou shalt doe no murder, and wilt thou then
Spurne at his edict, and fulfill a mans?
1030Take heede, for he holds vengeance in his hands,
To hurle vpon their heads that breake his law.
2 And that same vengeance doth he throw on thee,
For false forswearing, and for murder too:
Thou didst receiue the holy sacrament,
1035To fight in quarell of the house of Lancaster.
1 And like a traitor to the name of God,
Didst breake that vowe, and with thy trecherous blade,
Vnript the bowels of thy soueraignes sonne.
2 Whom thou wert sworne to cherish and defend.
10401 How canst thou vrge Gods dreadfull Law to vs,
When thou hast broke it in so deare degree?
Cla. Alas, for whose sake did I that ill deede,
For Edward, for my brother, for his sake:
Why sirs, he sends ye not to murder me for this,
1045For in this sinne he is as deepe as I:
If God will be reuenged for this deede,
Take not the quarrell from his powerfull arme,
He needes no indirect, nor lawlesse course,
1050To cut off those that haue offended him.
1 Who made thee then a bloudy minister,
When gallant springing braue Plantagenet,
That Princely Nouice was stroke dead by thee?
Cla. My brothers loue, the diuell, and my rage.
10551 Thy brothers loue, the diuell and thy fault
Haue brought vs hither now to murder thee.
Cla. Oh if you loue my brother, hate not me,
I am
of Richard the third.
I am his brother, and I loue him well:
If you be hirde for meede, go backe againe,
1060And I will send you to my brother Glocester,
Who will reward you better for my life,
Then Edward will for tydings of my death.
2 You are deceiu'd, your brother Glocester hates you.
1065Cla. Oh no, he loues me, and he holds me deare,
Go you to him from me.
Am. I, so we will.
Cla. Tell him, when that our princely father Yorke,
Blest his three sonnes with his victorious arme:
1069.1And chargd vs from his soule, to loue each other,
1070He little thought of this deuided friendship.
Bid Glocester thinke of this, and he will weepe.
Am. I, milstones as he lessond vs to weepe.
Cla. O doe not slaunder him for he is kind.
1 Right as snow in haruest, thou deceiu'st thy selfe,
Tis he hath sent vs hither now to slaughter thee.
Cla. It cannot be, for when I parted with him,
He hugd me in his armes, and swore with sobs,
That he would labour my deliuery.
10802 Why so he doth, now he deliuers thee,
From this worlds thraldome, to the ioies of heauen,
1 Makes peace with God, for you must die my Lo:
Cla. Hast thou that holy feeling in thy soule,
To counsell me to make my peace with God;
1085And art thou yet to thy owne soule so blinde,
That thou wilt war with God, by murdring me?
Ah sirs, consider, he that set you on
To doe this deede, will hate you for this deede.
2 What shall we doe?
1090Cla. Relent, and saue your soules.
1 Relent, tis cowardly and womanish.
Cla. Not to relent, is beastly, sauage, diuelish,
My friend, I spie some pitty in thy lookes:
Oh if thy eye be not a flatterer,
1100Come thou on my side, and intreat for me,
A begging Prince, what begger pitties not?
D3 1 I
The Tragedy
1 I thus, and thus: if this wil not serue, He stabs him.
Ile chop thee in the malmesey But, in the next roome.
11052 A bloudy deede, and desperately performd,
How faine like Pilate would I wash my hand,
Of this most grieuous guilty murder done.
1 Why doest thou not helpe me,
By heauens the Duke shall know how slacke thou art.
2 I would he knew that I had saued his brother.
Take thou the fee, and tell him what I say,
For I repent me that the Duke is slaine. Exit.
1 So doe not I, go coward as thou art:
1115Now must I hide his body in some hole,
Vntill the Duke take order for his buriall:
And when I haue my meede I must away,
For this will out, and here I must not stay. Exeunt.
Enter King, Queene, Hastings, Ryuers, Dorcet, &c.
Kin. So, now I haue done a good daies worke,
1125You peeres continue this vnited league,
I euery day eXpect an Embassage
From my redeemer to redeeme me hence:
And now in peace my soule shall part from heauen,
Since I haue set my friends at peace on earth:
1130Riuers and Hastings, take each others hand,
Dissemble not your hatred, sweare your loue.
Riu. By heauen, my heart is purgd from grudging hate,
And with my hand I seale my true hearts loue.
Hast. So thriue I as I truely sweare the like.
1135Kin. Take heede you dally not before your King,
Least he that is the supreme King of Kings,
Confound your hidden falshood and award
Either of you to be the others end.
Hast. So prosper I, as I sweare perfect loue.
1140Riu. And I, as I loue hastings with my heart.
Kin. Madame, your selfe are not exempt in this,
Nor your son Dorset, Buckingham nor you,
You haue beene factious one against the other:
Wife, loue Lo: Hastings, let him kisse your hand,
1145And what you doe, doe it vnfainedly.
Q. Here Hastings I will neuer more remember
of Richard the third.
Our former hatred so thriue I and mine.
Dor. This enterchange of loue, I here protest,
Vpon my part, shal be vnuiolable.
Hast. And so sweare I my Lord.
Kin. Now princely Buckingham seale thou this league
With thy embracements to my wiues allies,
1155And make me happy in your vnity.
Buc. When euer Buckingham doth turne his hate,
On you or yours, but with all duteous loue
Doth cherish you and yours, God punish me
With hate, in those where I expect most loue,
1160When I haue most neede to imploy a friend,
And most assured that he is a friend,
Deepe, hollow, trecherous, and full of guile
Be he vnto me, this doe I begge of God,
When I am cold in zeale to you or yours.
1165Kin. A pleasing cordiall Princely Buckingham,
Is this thy vow vnto my sickly heart:
There wanteth now our brother Glocester here,
To make the perfect period of this peace. Enter Glocest.
Buc. And in good time here comes the noble Duke.
Glo. Good morrow to my soueraigne King & Queene,
And Princely peeres, a happy time of day.
Kin. Happy indeede as we haue spent the day:
1175Brother we haue done deedes of charity:
Made peace of enmity, faire loue of hate,
Betweene these swelling wrong insenced peeres.
Glo. A blessed labour, my most soueraigne liege,
Amongst this princely heape, if any here
1180By false intelligence or wrong surmise,
Hold me a foe, if I vnwittingly or in my rage,
Haue ought committed that is hardly borne
By any in this presence, I desire
To reconcile me to his friendly peace,
1185Tis death to me to be at enmity.
I hate it, and desire all good mens loue.
First Madam I intreate true peace of you,
Which I will purchase with my dutious seruice.
The Tragedy
Of you my noble Coosen Buckingham,
1190If euer any grudge were logde betweene vs.
Of you Lo: Riuers, and Lord Gray of you,
That all without desert haue frownd on me,
Dukes, Earles, Lords, gentlemen, indeed of all:
1195I doe not know that English man aliue,
With whom my soule is any iotte at oddes,
More then the infant that is borne to night:
I thanke my God for my humility.
Qu. A holy day shall this be kept hereafter,
1200I would to God all strifes were well compounded,
My soueraigne liege I doe beseech your Maiesty,
To take our brother Clarence to your Grace.
Glo. Why Madame, haue I offred loue for this,
To be thus scorned in this royall presence?
1205Who knowes not that the noble Duke is dead,
You doe him iniury to scorne his corse.
Ryu. Who knowes not he is dead? who knowes he is?
Qu. All seeing heauen, what a world is this?
1210Buck. Looke I so pale Lo: Dorset as the rest?
Dor. I my good L: and no one in this presence,
But his red couler hath forsooke his cheekes.
Kin. Is Clarence dead, the order was reuerst.
Glo. But he poore soule by your first order died,
1215And that a wingled Mercury did beare,
Some tardy cripple bore the countermaund,
That came too lag to see him buried:
God grant that some lesse noble, and lesse loyall,
Neerer in bloudy thoughts, but not in blond:
1220Deserue not worse then wretched Clarence did,
And yet go currant from suspition. Enter Darby.
Dar. A boone my soueraigne for my seruice done.
Kin. I pray thee peace, my soule is full of sorrow.
1225Dar. I will not rise vnlesse your highnesse grant.
Kin. Then speake at once, what is it thou demaundst.
Dar. The forfeit soueraigne of my seruants life,
Who slew to day a riotous gentleman,
Lately attendant on the Duke of Norfolke.
Kin. Haue
of Richard the third.
1230Kin. Haue I a tongue to doome my brothers death,
And shall the same giue pardon to a slaue?
My brother slew no man, his fault was thought,
And yet his punishment was cruell death.
Who sued to me for him? who in my rage,
1235Kneeld at my feete and bad me be aduisde?
Who spake of Brotherhood? who of loue?
Who told me how the poore soule did forsake
The mighty Warwicke, and did fight for me:
Who tolde me in the field by Teuxbery,
1240When Oxford had me downe, he rescued me,
And said deare brother, liue and be a King?
Who told me when we both lay in the field,
Frozen almost to death, how he did lappe me
Euen in his owne garments, and gaue himselfe
1245All thin and naked to the numbcold night?
All this from my remembrance brutish wrath
Sinfully puckt, and not a man of you
Had so much grace to put it in my minde.
But when your carters, or your waighting vassailes
1250Haue done a drunken slaughter, and defaste
The pretious image of oure deare Redeemer,
You straight are on your knees for pardon pardon,
And I vniustly too, must grant it you:
But for my brother, not a man would speake,
1255Nor I vngratious speake vnto my selfe,
For him poore soule: The proudest of you all
Haue beene beholding to him in his life:
Yet none of you would once pleade for his life:
Oh God I feare thy Iustice will take hold
1260On me, and you, and mine, and yours for this.
Come Hastings help me to my closet, oh poore Clarence, ( Exit.
Glo. This is the fruit of rashnes: markt you not
How that the guilty kindred of the Queene,
1265Lookt pale when they did heare of Clarence death?
Oh they did vrge it still vnto the King,
God will reuenge it. But come lets in
To comfort Edward with our company. Exeunt.
E Enter
The Tragedy
Enter Dutches of Yorke, with Clarence Children.
Boy. Tell me good Granam, is our father dead?
Dut. No boy.
1275Boy. Why doe you wring your hands, and beate your (breast,
And crie, Oh Clarence my vnhappy sonne?
Gerl. Why doe you looke on vs and shake your head,
And call vs wretches, Orphanes, castawaies,
If that our noble father be aliue?
1280Dut. My prety Cosens, you mistake me much,
I doe lament the sicknesse of the King:
As loth to loose him, not your fathers death:
It were lost labour, to weepe for one thats lost.
Boy. Then Granam you conclude that he is dead,
1285The King my Vnckle is too blame for this:
God will reuenge it, whom I will importune
With daily praiers, all to that effect.
Dut. Peace children, peace, the King doth loue you wel,
1290Incapable and shallow innocents,
You cannot guesse who causde your fathers death.
Boy. Granam we can: For my good Vnckle Glocester
Tould me, the King prouoked by the Queene,
Deuisd impeachments to imprison him:
1295And when he tould me so, he wept,
And hugd me in his arme, and kindly kist my checke,
And bad me rely on him as in my father,
And he would loue me dearely as his child.
Dut. Oh that deceit should steale such gentle shapes,
1300And with a vertuous visard hide foule guile:
He is my sonne, yea, and therein my shame:
Yet from my dugs he drew not this deceit.
Boy. Thinke you my Vnckle did dissemble Granam?
Dut. I boy.
1305Boy. I cannot thinke it, hark what noise is this. Enter the Quee.
Qu. Oh who shall hinder me to waile and weepe?
To chide my fortune, and torment my selfe?
1310Ile ioine with blacke despaire against my soule,
And to my selfe become an enemy.
Dut. What meanes this sceane of rude impatience.
Qu. To make an act of tragicke violence:
of Richard the third.
Edward, my Lord, your sonne our King is dead.
1315Why grow the branches, now the roote is witherd?
Why wither not the leaues, the sap being gone?
If you will liue, lament: if die, be briefe:
That our swiftwinged soules may catch the Kings,
Or like obedient subiects, follow him
1320To his new kingdome of perpetuall rest.
Dut. Ah so much interest haue I in thy sorrow,
As I had title in thy noble husband:
I haue bewept a worthy husbands death,
And liu'd by looking on his images.
1325Bnt now two mirrours of his Princely semblance,
Are crackt in pieces by malignant death:
And I for comfort haue but one false glasse,
Which grieues me when I see my shame in him.
Thou art a widdow, yet thou art a mother,
1330And hast the comfort of thy children left thee:
But death hath snatcht my children from mine armes,
And pluckt two crutches from my feeble limmes,
Edward and Clarence, Oh what cause haue I
Then, being but moity of my griefe,
1335To ouergo thy plaints and drowne thy cries?
Boy. Good Aunt, you wept not for our fathers death,
How can we aide you with our kindreds teares.
Gerl. Our fatherlesse distresse was left vnmoand,
Your widdowes dolours likewise be vnwept.
1340Qu. Giue me no help in lamentation,
I am not barren to bring foorth laments:
All springs reduce their currents to mine eies,
That I being gouernd by the watry moane,
May send foorth plenteous teares to drowne the world:
1345Oh for my husband, for my eire Lo: Edward.
Ambo Oh for our father, for our deare Lo: Clarence.
Dut. Alas for both, both mine Edward and Clarence.
Qu. What stay had I but Edward, and he is gone?
Am. What stay had we but Clarence, and he is gone?
1350Dut. What staies had I but they, and they are gone?
Qu. Was neuer Widdow, had so deare a losse.
E2 Ambo
The Tragedy
Ambo. Was neuer Orphanes had a dearer losse.
Du. Was neuer mother had a dearer losse:
Alas, I am the mother of these mones,
1355Their woes are parceld, mine are generall:
She for Edward weepes, and so doe I:
I for a Clarence weepe, so doth not she:
These babes for Clarence weepe, and so doe I:
1358.1I for an Edward weepe, so doe not they.
Alas, you three on me threefold distrest,
1360Poure all your teares, I am your sorrowes nurse,
And I will pamper it with lamentations. Enter Glocest. with others.
Gl. Madame haue comfort, al of vs haue cause,
To waile the dimming of our shining starre:
But none can cure their harmes by wailing them,
Madame my mother, I doe crie you mercy,
1380I did not see your Grace, humbly on my knee
I craue your blessing.
Du. God blesse thee, and put meekenes in thy minde,
Loue, charity, obedience, and true duety.
Glo. Amen, and make me die a good old man,
1385Thats the butt end of a mothers blessing:
I maruell why her Grace did leaue it out.
Buck. You cloudy Princes, and hart-sorrowing peeres
That beare this mutuall heauy lode of moane:
Now cheare each other, in each others loue:
1390Though we haue spent our haruest of this King,
We are to reape the haruest of his sonne:
The broken rancour of your high swolne hearts,
But lately splinterd, knit, and ioynde etogether,
Must gently be preseru'd, cherisht and kept,
1395Me seemeth good that with some little traine,
Forthwith from Ludlow the yong Prince be fetcht
Hither to London, to be crownd our King.
Glo. Then it be so; and go we to determine,
Who they shalbe that straight shall post to Ludlow:
Madame, and you my mother will you go,
1420To giue your censures in this waighty busines,
1420.1 Ans. With all our hearts. Exeunt man. Glo. Buck.
of Richard the third.
Buck. My Lord who euer iourneies to the Prince,
For Gods sake let not vs two stay behinde:
For by the way Ile sort occasion,
1425As index to the story we late talkt of,
To part the Queenes proud kindred from the King.
Glo. My other selfe, my counsels consistory:
My Oracle, my Prophet, my deare Cosen:
I like a childe will go by thy direction:
1430Towards Ludlow then, for we will not stay behinde.
Enter two Cittizens.
1 Cit. Neighbour well met, whither away so fast?
2 Cit. I promise you, I scarcely know my selfe.
1 Heare you the newes abroad?
2 I, that the King is dead.
1 Bad newes birlady, seldome comes the better,
1440I feare, I feare, twill prooue a troublous world. Ent. ano- ther Citt.
3 Cit. Good morrow neighbours.
Doth this newes hold of good King Edwards death?
14451 It doth.3Then masters looke to see a troublous world
1 No no, by Gods good grace his sonne shall raigne.
3 Woe to that land thats gouernd by a childe.
2 In him there is a hope of gouernement,
1450That in his nonage counsell vnder him,
And in his full and ripened yeres himselfe,
No doubt shall then, and till then gouerne well.
1 So stoode the state when Harry the sixt
Was crownd at Paris, but at ix. moneths olde.
14553 Stoode the state so? no good my friend not so
For then this land was famously enricht
With pollitike graue counsell: then the King
Had vertuous Vnckles to protect his Grace.
2 So hath this, both by the father and mother.
14603 Better it were they all came by the father,
Or by the father there were none at all:
For emulation now, who shall be neerest:
Will touch vs all too neare, if God preuent not.
Oh full of danger is the Duke of Glocester,
1465And the Queenes kindred hauty and proud,
E3 And
The Tragedy
And were they to be rulde, and not to rule,
This sickly land might solace as before.
2 Come come, we feare the worst, all shalbe well.
3 When cloudes appeare, wise men put on their clokes:
1470When great leaues fall, the winter is at hand:
When the sunne sets, who doth not looke for night:
Vntimely stormes, make men expect a darth:
All may be well: but if God sort it so,
Tis more then we deserue or I expect.
14751 Truely the soules of men are full of bread:
Yee cannot almost reason with a man
That lookes not heauily, and full of feare.
3 Before the times of change still is it so:
By a diuine instinct mens mindes mistrust
1480Ensuing dangers, as by proofe we see.
The waters swell before a boistrous storme:
But leaue it all to God: whither away?
2 We are sent for to the Iustice.
3 And so was I, Ile beare you company. Exeunt.
Enter Cardinall, Dutches of Yorke, Quee. young Yorke.
Car. Last night I heare they lay at Northhampton.
At Stonistratford will they be to night,
1490To morrow or next day, they will be here.
Dut. I long with all my heart to see the Prince,
I hope he is much growen since last I saw him.
Qu But I heare no, they say my sonne of Yorke
Hath almost ouertane him in his growth.
1495Yor. I mother, but I would not haue it so.
Dut. Why my young Cosen it is good to growe.
Yor. Grandam, one night as we did sit at supper,
My Vnckle Riuers talkt how I did grow
More then my brother. I quoth my Nnckle Glocester,
1500Small herbes haue grace, great weedes grow apace,
And since me thinkes I would not grow so fast:
Because sweete flowers are slow, and weedes make haste.
Dut. Good faith, good faith, the saying did not hold
In him that did obiect the same to thee:
1505He was the wretchedst thing when he was young,
of Richard the third.
So long a growing, and so leisurely,
That if this were a true rule, he should be gratious.
Car. Why Madame, so no doubt he is.
Dut. I hope so too, but yer let mothers doubt.
1510Yor. Now by my troth if I had beene remembred,
I could haue giuen my Vnckles grace a flout,
That should haue neerer toucht his growth then he did mine.
Dut. How my prety Yorke? I pray thee let me heare it.
1515Yor. Mary they say, my Vnckle grew so fast,
That he could gnaw a crust at two houres olde:
Twas full two yeares ere I could get a tooth.
Granam this would haue heene a biting iest.
Dut. I pray thee prety Yorke who tolde thee so.
1520Yor. Granam his nurse.
Dut. His nurse: why she was dead ere thou wert borne.
Yor. If twere not she, I cannot tell who tolde me.
Qu. A perilous boy, go to, you are too shrewde.
Car. Good Madame be not angry with the childe.
1525Qu. Pitchers haue eares. Enter Dorset.
Car. Here comes your sonne, Lo: M. Dorset.
What newes Lo: Marques?
Dor. Such newes my Lo: as grieues me to vnfolde.
Qu. How fares the Prince?
1530Dor. Well Madame, and in health.
Dut. What is thy newes then?
Dor. Lo: Riuers and Lo: Gray are sent to Pomfret,
With them, Sir Thomas Vaughan, prisoners.
1535Dut. Who hath committed them?
Dor. The mighty Dukes, Glocester and Buckingham.
Car. For what offence.
Dor. The summe of all I can, I haue disclosed:
Why, or for what, these nobles were committed,
1540Is all vnknowen to me my gratious Lady.
Qu. Ay me I see the downfall of our house,
The tyger now hath ceazd the gentle hinde:
Insulting tyranny beginnes to iet,
Vpon the innocent and lawlesse throane:
1545Welcome destruction, death and massacre,
I see
The Tragedy
I see as in a mappe the ende of all.
Du. Accursed and vnquiet wrangling daies,
How many of you haue mine eies beheld?
My husband lost his life to get the crowne,
1550And often vp and downe my sonnes were tost:
For me to ioy and weepe their gaine and losse,
And being seated and domestike broiles,
Cleane ouerblowne themselues, the conquerours
Make warre vpon themselues, bloud against bloud,
1555Selfe against selfe, O preposterous
And frantike outrage, ende thy damned spleene,
Or let me die to looke on death no more.
Qu. Come come my boy, we will to sanctuary.
1560Dut. Ile go along with you.
Qu. You haue no cause.
Car. My gratious Lady go,
And thither beare your treasure and your goods,
For my part, Ile resigne vnto your Grace
1565The seale I keepe, and so betide to me,
As well I tender you and all of yours:
Come Ile conduct you to the sanctuary. Exeunt.
The Trumpets sound. Enter young Prince, the Dukes of Glo-
1570 cester, and Buckingham, Cardinall, &c.
Buc. Welcome sweete Prince to London to your cham (ber.
Glo. Welcome deare Cosen my thoughts soueraigne,
1575The weary way hath made you melancholy.
Prin. No Vnckle, but our crosses on the way
Haue made it tedious, wearisome, and heauy:
I want more Vnckles here to welcome me.
Glo. Sweete Prince, the vntainted vertue of your yeres,
1580Hath not yet diued into the worlds deceit:
Nor more can you distinguish of a man,
Then of his outward shew, which God he knowes,
Seldome or neuer iumpeth with the heart:
Those Vnckles which you want, were dangerous,
1585Your Grace attended to their sugred words,
But lookt not on the poison of their hearts:
God keepe you from them, and from such false friends.
of Richard the third.
Pri. God keepe me from false friends, but they wer none.
Glo. My Lo, the Maior of London comes to greete you.
Enter Lord Maior.
Lo:M. God blesse your grace with health and happy daies.
1595Prin. I thanke you good my Lo: and thanke you all:
I thought my mother, and my brother Yorke,
Would long ere this haue met vs on the way:
Fie, what a slug is Hastings that he comes not
To tell vs whether they will come, or no. ( Enter L. Hast.
Buck. And in good time, here comes the sweating Lo:
Pri. Welcome my Lo: what will our mother come?
1605Hast. On what occasion, God he knowes, not I:
The Queene your mother and your brother Yorke
Haue taken sanctuary: The tender Prince
Would faine haue come with me, to meete your Grace,
But by his mother was perforce withheld.
1610Buc. Fie, what an indirect and peeuish course
Is this of hers? Lo: Cardinall will your grace
Perswade the Queene to send the Duke of Yorke
Vnto his Princely brother presently?
If she deny, Lo: Hastings go with him,
1615And from her iealous armes plucke him perforce.
Car. My Lo: of Buckingham, if my weake oratory
Can from his mother winne the Duke of Yorke,
Anone expect him here: but if she be obdurate
To milde entreaties, God in heauen forbid
1620We should infringe the holy priuiledge
Of blessed sanctuary, not for all this land,
Would I be guilty of so deepe a sinne.
Buck. You are too sencelesse obstinate my Lo:
Too ceremonious and traditionall:
1625Weigh it but with the grossenes of this age,
You breake not sanctuary in seazing him:
The benefit thereof is alwaies granted
To those whose dealings haue deserude the place,
And those who haue the wit to claime the place.
1630This Prince hath neither claimed it, nor deserued it,
And therefore in mine opinion, cannot haue it.
F Then
The Tragedy
Then taking him from thence that is not there,
You breake no priuiledge nor charter there:
Oft haue I heard of sanctuary men,
1635But sanctuary children neuer till now.
Car. My Lo: you shall ouerrule my minde for once:
Come on Lo: Hastings will you go with me?
Hast. I go my Lord.
Prin. Good Lords make all the speedy hast you may:
1640Say Vnckle Glocester, if our brother come,
Where shall we soiourne till our coronation?
Glo. Where it seemes best vnto your royall selfe:
If I may councell you, some day or two,
Your highnes shall repose you at the tower:
1645Then where you please, and shalbe thought most fit
For your best health and recreation.
Prin. I doe not like the tower of any place:
Did Iulius Caesar build that place my Lord?
Buc. He did, my gratious Lo: begin that place,
1650Which since succeeding ages haue reedified.
Prin. Is it vpon record, or els reported
Successiuely from age to age he built it?
Buc. Vpon record my gratious Lo:
Pri. But say my Lo: it were not registred,
1655Me thinkes the truth should liue from age to age,
As twere retailde to all posterity,
Euen to the generall all-ending day.
Glo. So wise, so young, they say doe neuer liue long.
Pri. What say you Vnckle?
1660Glo. I say without characters fame liues long:
Thus like the formall vice iniquity,
I morallize two meanings in one word.
Pri. That Iulius Cesar was a famous man,
With what his valour did enrich his wit,
1665His wit set downe to make his valure liue:
Death makes no conquest of this conquerour,
For now he liues in fame though not in life:
Ile tell you what my Cosen Buckingham.
Buc. What my gratious Lord?
of Richard the third.
1670Prin. And if I liue vntill I be a man,
Ile winne our auncient right in France againe,
Or die a souldier as I liude a King.
Glo. Short summers lightly haue a forward spring.
Enter young Yorke, Hastings, Cardinall.
1675Buc. Now in good time here comes the Duke of Yorke.
Pri. Rich. of Yorke how fares our louing brother?
Yor. Well my dread Lo: so must I call you now.
1680Pri. I brother to our griefe as it is yours:
Too late he died that might haue kept that title,
Which by his death hath lost much maiesty.
Glo. How fares our Cosen noble Lo: of Yorke?
Yor. I thanke you gentle Vnckle. O my Lo:
1685You said that idle weedes are fast in growth:
The Prince my brother hath outgrowen me farre.
Glo. He hath my Lo:
Yor. And therfore is he idle?
Glo. Oh my faire Cosen, I must not say so.
1690Yor. Then he is more beholding to you then I.
Glo. He may command me as my soueraigne,
But you haue power in me as in a kinseman.
Yor. I pray you Vnckle giue me this dagger.
Glo. My dagger little Cosen, withall my heart.
1695Pri. A begger brother?
Yor. Of my kind Vnckle that I know will giue,
And being but a toy, which is no griefe to giue.
Glo. A greater gift then that, Ile giue my Cosen.
Yor. A greater gift, O thats the sword to it.
1700Glo. I gentle Cosen, were it light enough.
Yor. O then I see you will part but with light gifts,
In weightier things youle say a begger nay.
Glo. It is too heauy for your Grace to weare.
Yor. I weigh it lightly were it heauier.
1705Glo. What would you haue my weapon little Lord?
Yor. I would, that I might thanke you as you call me.
Glo. How? Yor. Little.
1710Pri. My Lo: of Yorke will still be crosse in talke:
Vnckle your grace knowes how to beare with him.
F2 Yor.
The Tragedy
Yor. You meane to beare me, not to beare with me:
Vnckle, my brother mockes both you and me,
Because that I am little like an Ape,
1715He thinkes that you should beare me on your shoulders.
Buck. With what a sharpe prouided wit he reasons,
To mittigate the scorne he giues his Vnckle:
He pretely and aptly taunts himselfe,
So cunning and so young is wonderfull.
1720Glo. My Lo: wilt please you passe along,
My selfe and my good Coosen Buckingham,
Will to your mother, to entreate of her,
To meete you at the tower, and welcome you.
Yor. What will you go vnto the tower my Lo?
1725Prin. My Lo: protector needes will haue it so.
Yor. I shall not sleepe in quiet at the tower.
Glo. Why, what should you feare?
Yor. Mary my Vnckle Clarence angry ghost:
My Granam tolde me he was murdred there.
1730Pri. I feare no Vnckles dead.
Glo. Nor none that liue, I hope.
Pri And if they liue, I hope I neede not feare:
But come my Lo: with a heauy heart
Thinking on them, go I vnto the tower.
1735 Exeunt Prin. Yor. Hast. Dors. manet. Rich. Buck.
Buc. Thinke you my Lo: this little prating Yorke,
Was not incensed by his subtile mother,
To taunt and scorne you thus opprobriously?
1740Glo. No doubt, no doubt, Oh tis a perillous boy,
Bold, quicke, ingenious, forward, capable,
He is all the mothers, from the top to toe.
Buc. Well, let them rest: Come hither Catesby,
Thou art sworne as deepely to effect what we intend,
1745As closely to conceale what we impart.
Thou knowest our reasons vrgde vpon the way:
What thinkest thou? is it not an easie matter
To make William Lo: Hastings of our minde,
For the instalement of this noble Duke,
1750In the seate royall of this famous Ile?
of Richard the third.
Cates. He for his fathers sake so loues the Prince,
That he will not be wonne to ought against him.
Buck. What thinkest thou then of Stanley what will he?
1755Cat. He will doe all in all as Hastings doth.
Buck. Well then no more but this:
Go gentle Catesby, and as it were a farre off,
Sound thou Lo: Hastings, how he stands affected
Vnto our purpose, if he be willing,
Encourage him, and shew him all our reasons:
If he be leaden, icie, cold, vnwilling,
1765Be thou so too: and so breake off your talke,
And giue vs notice of his inclination:
For we to morrow hold deuided counsels,
Wherein thy selfe shalt highly be emploied.
Glo. Commend me to Lo: William, tell him Catesby,
1770His auncient knot of dangerous aduersaries
To morrow are let bloud at Pomfret Castle,
And bid my friend for ioy of this good newes,
Giue Mistresse Shore, one gentle kisse the more.
Buck. Good Catesby effect this busines soundly.
1775Cat. My good Lo: both, with all the heede I may.
Glo. Shall we heare from you Catesby ere we sleepe?
Cat. You shall my Lord.
Glo. At Crosby place there shall you finde vs both.
1780Buc. Now my Lo: what shall we doe, if we perceiue
William Lo: Hastings will not yeeld to our complots?
Glo. Chop of his head man, somewhat we will doe,
1785And looke when I am King, claime thou of me
The Earledome of Hereford and the moueables,
Whereof the King my brother stood possest.
Buc. Ile claime that promise at your Graces hands.
Glo. And looke to haue it yeelded with all willingnes:
1790Come let vs suppe betimes, that afterwards
We may digest our complots in some forme. Exeunt.
Enter a Messenger to Lo: Hastings.
1795Mes. What ho my Lord.
Hast. Who knockes at the dore.
Mess. A messenger from the Lo: Stanley. Enter L. Hast.
F3 Hast.
The Tragedy
Hast. Whats a clocke?
Mess. Vpon the stroke of foure.
Hast. Cannot thy Master sleepe these tedious nights?
Mess. So it should seeme by that I haue to say:
First he commends him to your noble Lordship.
1805Hast. And then. Mes. And then he sends you word.
He dreamt to night the beare had raste his helme:
Besides, he saies there are two councels held,
And that may be determined at the one,
1810Which may make you and him to rewe at the other,
Therefore he sends to know your Lordships pleasure:
If presently you will take horse with him,
And with all speede post into the North,
To shun the danger that his soule diuines.
1815Hast. Go fellow go, returne vnto thy Lord,
Bid him not feare the seperated counsels:
His honour and my selfe are at the one,
And at the other, is my seruant Catesby:
Where nothing can proceede that toucheth vs,
1820Whereof I shall not haue intelligence.
Tell him his feares are shallow, wanting instance.
And for his dreames, I wonder he is so fond,
To trust the mockery of vnquiet slumbers,
To flie the boare, before the boare pursues vs,
1825Were to incense the boare to follow vs,
And make pursuite where he did meane no chase:
Go bid thy Master rise and come to me,
And we will both together to the tower,
Where he shall see the boare will vse vs kindely.
1830Mess. My gratious Lo: Ile tell him what you say. Enter( Cates.
Cat. Many good morrowes to my noble Lo:
Hast. Good morrow Catesby, you are early stirring,
1835What newes what newes, in this our tottering state?
Cat. It is a reeling world indeede my Lo:
And I beleeue it will neuer stand vpright,
Till Richard weare the garland of the Realme.
Hast. Howe? weare the garland? doest thou meane the (crowne?
Cat. I my good Lord.
of Richard the third.
Hast. Ile haue this crowne of mine, cut from my shoul-(ders
Ere I will see the crowne so foule misplaste:
But canst thou guesse that he doth aime at it.
1845Cat. Vpon my life my Lo: and hopes to find you forward
Vpon his party for the gaine thereof,
And thereupon he sends you this good newes,
That this same very day, your enemies,
The kindred of the Queene must die at Pomfret.
1850Hast. Indeede I am no mourner for that newes,
Because they haue beene still mine enemies:
But that Ile giue my voice on Richards side,
To barre my Masters heires in true discent,
God knowes I will not doe it to the death.
1855Cat. God keepe your Lordship in that gratious minde.
Hast. But I shall laugh at this a tweluemonth hence,
That they who brought me in my Masters hate,
I liue to looke vpon their tragedy:
1860.1I tell thee Catesby. Cat. What my Lord?
Hast. Ere a fortnight make me elder,
1861.1Ile send some packing, that yet thinke not on it.
Cat. Tis a vile thing to die my gratious Lord,
When men are vnprepard and looke not for it.
Hast. O Monstrous monstrous, and so fals it out
1865With Riuers, Vaughan, Gray, and so twill doe
With some men els, who thinke themselues as safe
As thou, and I, who as thou knowest are deare
To Princely Richard, and to Buckingham.
Cat. The Princes both make high account of you,
1870For they account his head vpon the bridge.
Hast. I know they doe, and I haue well deserued it.
Enter Lord Stanley.
What my Lo: where is your boare-speare man?
Feare you the boare and go so vnprouided?
1875Stan. My Lo: good morrow: good morrow Catesby:
You may iest on: but by the holy roode.
I doe not like these seuerall councels I.
Hast. My Lo: I hould my life as deare as you doe yours,
And neuer in my life I doe protest,
The Tragedy
1880Was it more pretious to me then it is now:
Thinke you, but that I know our state secure,
I would be so triumphant as I am?
Stan. The Lords at Pomfret when they rode from Lon-(don,
Were iocund, and supposde their states was sure,
1885And they indeed had no cause to mistrust:
But yet you see how soone the day ouercast,
This sodaine scab of rancour I misdoubt,
Pray God, I say, I proue a needelesse coward:
But come my Lo: shall we to the tower?
1890Hast. I go: but stay, heare you not the newes,
This day those men you talkt of, are beheaded.
Sta. They for their truth might better weare their heads,
Then some that haue accusde them weare their hats:
1895But come my Lo: let vs away. Enter Hastin. a Purssuant.
Hast. Go you before, Ile follow presently.
Hast. Well met Hastings, how goes the world with thee?
1900Pur. The better that it please your Lo: to aske.
Hast. I tell thee fellow tis better with me now.
Then when I met thee last where now we meete:
Then was I going prisoner to the tower,
By the suggestion of the Queenes allies:
1905But now I tell thee (keepe it to thy selfe.)
This day those enemies are put to death,
And I in better state then euer I was.
Pur. God hold it to your honors good content.
Hast. Gramercy Hastings hold spend thou that. He giues ( him his purse.
Pur. God saue your Lordship.
1915Hast. What Sir Iohn, you are wel met, ( Enter a priest.
I am beholding to you for your last daies exercise:
Come the next sabaoth and I will content you. He whis-( pers in his eare.
Enter Buckingham.
1920Buc. How now Lo: Chamberlaine, what talking with a (priest,
Your friends at Pomfret they doe need the priest
Your honour hath no shriuing worke in hand.
Hast. Good faith and when I met this holy man,
Those men you talke of came into my minde:
1925What, go you to the tower my Lord?
of Richard the third.
Buck. I doe, but long I shall not stay,
I shall returne before your Lordship thence.
Hast. Tis like enough, for I stay dinner there.
Buck. And supper too, although thou knowest it not:
1930Come shall we go along? Exeunt.
Enter Sir Richard Ratliffe, with the Lo: Riuers,
Gray, and Vaughan, prisoners.
1934.1Ratl. Come bring foorth the prisoners.
1935Ryu. Sir Richard Ratliffe let me tell thee this:
To day shalt thou behold a subiect die,
For truth, for duty, and for loyalty.
Gray. God keepe the Prince from all the packe of you:
A knot you are of damned bloudsuckers.
Ryu. O Pomfret Pomfret, Oh thou bloudy prison,
Fatall and ominous to noble peeres.
1945Within the guilty closure of thy wals
Richatd the second here was hackt to death:
And for more slaunder to thy dismall soule,
We giue thee vp our guiltlesse blouds to drinke.
Gray. Now Margarets curse is falne vpon our heads:
For standing by, when Richard stabd her sonne.
Riu. Then curst she Hastings, then curst she Bucking-(ham:
Then curst she Richard. Oh remember God,
1955To heare her praiers for them as now for vs,
And for my sister, and her princely sonne:
Be satisfied deare God with our true blouds,
Which as thou knowest vniustly must be spilt.
Rat. Come come dispatch, the limit of your linea is out.
1960Ryu. Come Gray, come Vaughan, let vs all imbrace
And take our leaue vntill we meete in heauen. Exeunt.
Enter the Lords to Councell.
Hast. My Lords at once the cause why we are met,
Is to determine of the coronation:
In Gods name say, when is this royall day?
1970Buc. Are all things fitting for that royall time?
Dar. It is, and wants but nomination.
Ryu. To morrow then, I guesse a happy time.
Buc. Who knowes the Lo: protectors mind herein?
G Who
The Tragedy
Who is most inward with the noble Duke.
1975Bi Why you my Lo: me thinks you should soonest know (his mind
Buc Who I my Lo? we know each others faces:
But for our harts, he knowes no more of mine,
Then I of yours: nor I no more of his, then you of mine:
1980Lo: Hastings you and he are neere in loue.
Hast. I thanke his Grace, I know he loues me well:
But for his purpose in the coronation:
I haue not sounded him nor he deliuerd
His Graces pleasure any way therein:
1985But you my noble Lo: may name the time,
And in the Dukes behalfe, Ile giue my voice,
Which I presume he will take in Gentle part.
Bish. Now in good time here comes the Duke himselfe. ( Ent. Glo.
1990Glo. My noble L. and Cosens all, good morrow,
I haue beene long a sleeper, but I hope
My absence doth neglect no great designes,
Which by my presence might haue been concluded.
Buc. Had not you come vpon your kew my Lo:
1995William L: Hastings had now pronounst your part:
I meane your voice for crowning of the King.
Glo. Than my Lo: Hastings no man might be bolder,
His Lordship knowes me well, and loues me well.
1998.1Hast. I thanke your Grace.
Glo.My Lo: of Elie, Bish. My Lo:
Glo. When I was last in Holborne:
2000I saw good strawberries in your garden there,
I doe beseech you send for some of them.
Bish. I go my Lord.
Glo. Cosen Buckingham, a word with you:
2005Catesby hath sounded Hastings in our busines,
And findes the testy Gentleman so hoat,
As he will loose his head eare giue consent,
His Masters sonne as worshipfull he termes it,
Shall loose the roialty of Englands throane.
2010Buc. Withdraw you hence my Lo: Ile follow you. Ex. Gl.
Dar We haue not yet set downe this day of triumph,
To morrow in mine opinion is too sodaine:
of Richard the third.
For I my selfe am not so well prouided, Enter B. of Ely.
2015As els I would be, were the day prolonged.
By. Where is my L. protector, I haue sent for these strawbe-(ries.
Ha. His Grace lookes cheerfully and smooth to day,
2020Theres some conceit or other likes him well,
When he doth bid good morrow with such a spirit.
I thinke there is neuer a man in christendome,
That can lesser hide his loue or hate then he:
For by his face straight shall you know his heart.
2025Dar. What of his heart perceiue you in his face,
By any likelihood he shewed to day?
Hast. Mary, that with no man here he is offended.
For if he were, he would haue shewen it in his lookes.
2028.1Dar. I pray God he be not, I say. Enter Glocester.
2030Glo. I pray you all, what doe they deserue,
That doe conspire my death with diuelish plots,
Of damned witchcraft, and that haue preuaild,
Vpon my body with their hellish charmes?
Hast. The tender loue I beare your grace my Lord,
2035Makes me most forward in this noble presence,
To doome the offenders whatsoeuer they be:
I say my Lo: they haue deserued death.
Glo. Then be your eies the witnesse of this ill,
See how I am bewitcht, behold mine arme
2040Is like a blasted sapling withered vp.
This is that Edwards wife, that monstrous witch,
Consorted with that harlot strumpet Shore,
That by their witchcraft, thus haue marked me.
Hast. If they haue done this thing my gratious Lo:
2045Glo. If, thou protector of this damned strumpet,
Telst thou me of iffes? thou art a traitor.
Off with his head. Now by Saint Paule,
I will not dine to day I sweare,
Vntill I see the same, some see it done,
2050The rest that loue me, come and follow me. Exeunt. manet Cat with Ha.
Ha Wo wo for England, not a whit for me:
For I too fond might haue preuented this:
2055Stanley did dreame the boare did race his helme,
G2 But
The Tragedy
But I disdaind it, and did scorne to flie,
Three times to day, my footecloth horse did stumble,
And startled when he lookt vpon the tower,
As loath to beare me to the slaughterhouse.
2060Oh, now I want the Priest that spake to me,
I now repent I tolde the Pursiuant,
As twere triumphing at mine enemies:
How they at Pomfret bloudily were butcherd,
And I my selfe secure in grace and fauour:
2065Oh Margaret Margaret: now thy heauy curse,
Is lighted on poore Hastings wretched head.
Cat. Dispatch my Lo: the Duke would be at dinner:
Make a short shrift, he longs to see your head.
Hast. O momentary state of worldly men,
2070Which we more hunt for, then the grace of heauen:
Who buildes his hopes in aire of your faire lookes,
Liues like a drunken sayler on a mast,
Ready with euery nod to tumble downe
Into the fatall bowels of the deepe.
Come leade me to the blocke, beare him my head,
2080They smile at me that shortly shalbe dead. Exeunt.
Enter Duke of Glocester and Buckingham in armour.
Glo. Come Cosen, canst thou quake and change thy co-(lour?
Murther thy breath in middle of a word,
And then beginne againe, and stop againe,
As if thou wert distraught and mad with terror.
Buc. Tut feare not me.
2090I can counterfait the deepe Tragedian:
Speake, and looke backe, and prie on euery side:
Intending deepe suspition, gastly lookes
Are at my seruice like inforced smiles,
And both are ready in their offices
2095To grace my stratagems. Enter Maior.
Glo. Here comes the Maior.
2097.1Buc. Let me alone to entertaine him. Lo: Maior,
2100Glo. Looke to the drawbridge there.
Buc. The reason we haue sent for you.
Glo. Catesby ouerlooke the wals.
of Richard the third.
Buck. Harke, I heare a drumme.
Glo. Looke backe, defend thee, here are enemies.
2105Buc. God and our innocence defend vs. Enter Catesby with Hast. head.
2105.1Glo. O, O, be quiet, it is Catesby.
Cat. Here is the head of that ignoble traitor,
The daungerous and vnsuspected Hastings.
2110Glo. So deare I lou'd the man, that I must weepe:
I tooke him for the plainest harmelesse man,
That breathed vpon this earth a christian,
2112.1Looke ye my Lo: Maior.
Made him my booke, wherein my soule recorded,
The history of all her secret thoughts:
2115So smoothe he daubd his vice with shew of vertue,
That his apparant open guilt omitted:
I meane his conuersation with Shores wife,
He laid from all attainder of suspect.
Buck. Well well, he was the couertst sheltred traitor
2120That euer liu'd, would you haue imagined,
Or almost beleeue, wert not by great preseruation
We liue to tell it you? The subtile traitor
Had this day plotted in the councell house,
2125To murder me, and my good Lord of Glocester.
Maior. What, had he so?
Glo. What thinke you we are Turkes or Infidels,
Or that we would against the forme of lawe,
Proceede thus rashly to the villaines death,
2130But that the extreame perill of the case,
The peace of England, and our persons safety
Inforst vs to this execution.
Ma. Now faire befall you, he deserued his death,
And you my good Lords both, haue well proceeded
2135To warne false traitours from the like attempts:
I neuer lookt for better at his hands,
After he once fell in with Mistresse Shore.
Dut. Yet had not we determined he should die,
Vntill your Lordship came to see his death,
2140Which now the longing haste of these our friends,
Somewhat against our meaning haue preuented,
G3 Be
The Tragedy
Because, my Lord, we would haue had you heard
The traitor speake, and timerously confesse
The maner, and the purpose of his treason,
2145That you might well haue signified the same
Vnto the Citizens, who happily may
Misconster vs in him, and wayle his death.
Ma. But my good Lord, your graces word shall serue
As well as I had seene or heard him speake,
2150And doubt you not, right noble Princes both,
But Ile acquaint your dutious citizens,
With all your iust proceedings in this cause.
Glo. And to that end we wisht your Lordship here
To auoyde the carping censures of the world.
2155Buc. But since you come too late of our intents,
Yet witnesse what we did intend, and so my Lord adue.
Glo. After, after, coosin Buckingham, Exit Maior.
2160The Maior towards Guildhall hies him in all post,
There at your meetst aduantage of the time,
Inferre the bastardy of Edwards children:
Tell them how Edward put to death a Cittizen,
Onely for saying he would make his sonne
2165Heire to the Crowne, meaning (indeede) his house,
Which by the signe thereof was termed so.
Moreouer, vrge his hatefull luxurie,
And bestiall appetite in change of lust,
Which stretched to theyr seruants, daughters, wiues,
2170Euen where his lustfull eye, or sauage heart
Without controll listed to make his prey:
Nay for a neede thus farre, come neere my person.
Tell them, when that my mother went with childe
Of that vnsatiate Edward, noble Yorke
2175My princely father then had warres in Fraunce,
And by iust computation of the tyme
Found, that the issue was not his begot,
Which well appeared in his lineaments,
Being nothing like the noble Duke my father:
2180But touch this sparingly as it were farre off,
Because you know, my Lord, my mother liues.
of Richard the third.
Buck. Feare not, my Lord, Ile play the Orator,
As if the golden fee for which I pleade
Were for my selfe.
2185Glo. If you thriue well, bring them to Baynards castle,
Where you shall finde me well accompanyed,
Wyth reuerend fathers and well learned Bishops.
Buc. About three or foure a clocke look to heare
What news Guildhall affordeth, and so my Lord farewell.
Glo. Now will I in to take some priuy order, Exit Buc.
2195To draw the brats of Clarence out of sight,
And to giue notice, that no maner of person
At any tyme haue recourse vnto the Princes. Exit.
Enter a Scriuener with a paper in his hand.
This is the indictment of the good Lord Hastings,
2200Which in a set hand fairely is engrosst,
That it may be this day read ouer in Paules:
And marke how well the sequele hangs together,
Eleuen houres I spent to wryte it ouer,
For yesternight by Catesby was it brought me,
2205The president was full as long a doyng,
And yet within these fiue houres liued Lord Hastings,
Vntaynted, vnexamined, free, at liberty:
Heeres a good world, the while. Why whoes so grosse
That sees not this palpable deuice?
2210Yet whoes so blinde but sayes he sees it not?
Bad is the world, and all will come to naught,
When such bad dealing must be sene in thought. Exit
Enter Glocester at one doore, Buckingham at another.
Glo. How now my Lord, what say the Cittizens?
2215Buc. Now by the holy mother of our Lord,
The Citizens are mumme, and speake not a word.
Glo. Toucht you the bastardy of Edwards children?
Buck. I did, wyth the insatiate greedinesse of his desires,
His tyranny for trifles, his owne bastardy,
As beyng got, your father then in Fraunce:
2225Withall I did inferre your lineaments,
Beyng the right Idea of your father,
Both in your forme and noblenesse of minde,
The Tragedy
Laid open all your victories in Scotland:
Your discipline in warre, wisedome in peace:
2230Your bounty, vertue, faire humility:
Indeede left nothing fitting for the purpose
Vntoucht, or sleightly handled in discourse:
And when mine oratory grew to an ende.
I bid them that did loue their countries good,
2235Crie, God saue Richard, Englands royall King.
Glo. A and did they so?
Buc. No so God helpe me,
But like dumbe statues or breathing stones,
Gazde each on other and lookt deadly pale:
2240Which when I saw, I reprehended them,
And askt the Maior, what meant this wilfull silence?
His answere was, the people were not wont
To be spoke to, but by the Recorder.
Then he was vrgde to tell my tale againe:
2245Thus, saith the Duke, thus hath the Duke inferd:
But nothing spake in warrant from himselfe:
When he had done, some followers of mine owne
At the lower end of the Hall, hurld vp their caps,
And some ten voices cried, God saue King Richard.
Thankes louing Cittizens and friends quoth I,
This generall applause and louing shoute,
Argues your wisedomes and your loue to Richard:
And so brake off and came away.
2255Glo. What tonglesse blockes were they, would they not (speake?
2255.1Buc. No by my troth my Lo:
Glo. Will not the Maior then, and his brethren come.
Glo. The Maior is here at hand, and intend some feare,
Be not spoken withall, but with mighty suite:
2260And looke you get a praier booke in your hand,
And stand betwixt two churchmen good my Lo:
For on that ground Ile build a holy descant:
Be not easily wonne to our request:
Play the maides part, say no, but take it.
2265Glo. Feare not me, if thou canst pleade aswell for them,
As I can say nay to thee, for my selfe?
of Richard the third.
No doubt weele bring it to a happie issue.
Buck. You shal see what I can do, get you vp to the leads. Exit.
2270Now my L. Maior, I dance attendance heare,
I thinke the Duke will not be spoke withall. Enter Catesby.
Here coms his seruant : how now Catesby what saies he.
2275Cates. My Lord, he doth intreat your grace
To visit him to morrow or next daie,
He is within with two right reuerend fathers,
Diuinely bent to meditation,
And in no worldly suite would he be mou'd,
2280To draw him from his holy exercise.
Buck. Returne good Catesby to thy Lord againe,
Tell him my selfe, the Maior and Cittizens,
In deepe designes and matters of great moment,
No lesse importing then our generall good,
2285Are come to haue some conference with his grace.
Cates. Ile tell him what you say my Lord. Exit.
Buck. A ha my Lord this prince is not an Edward :
He is not lulling on a lewd day bed,
But on his knees at meditation:
2290Not dalying with a brace of Curtizans,
But meditating with two deepe Diuines:
Not sleeping to ingrosse his idle body,
But praying to inrich his watchfull soule.
Happy were England, would this gracious prince
2295Take on himselfe the souerainty thereon,
But sure I feare we shall neuer winne him to it.
Maior. Marry God forbid his grace should say vs nay.
Buck. I feare he wil, how now Catesby, Enter Cates.
What saies your Lord?
Cates. My Lo. he wonders to what end, you haue assembled
Such troupes of Cittizens to speake with him,
His grace not being warnd thereof before,
2305My Lord, he feares you meane no good to him.
Buck. Sorrie I am my noble Cosen should
Suspect me that I meane no good to him.
By heauen I come in perfect loue to him,
And so once more returne and tell his grace: Exit Catesby.
H When
The Tragedy
2310When hollie and deuout religious men,
Are at their beads, tis hard to draw them thence,
So sweet is zealous contemplation.
Enter Rich. with two bishops a loste.
Maior. See where he stands between two clergie men.
Buck. Two props of vertue for a christian Prince,
To staie him from the fall of vanitie,
2320Famous Plantaganet, most gracious prince,
Lend fauorable eares to our request,
And pardon vs the interruption
Of thy deuotion and right Christian zeale.
Glo. My Lord, there needs no such apologie,
2325I rather do beseech you pardon me,
Who earnest in the seruice of my God,
Neglect the visitation of my friends,
But leauing this, what is your graces pleasure?
Buck. Euen that I hope which pleaseth God aboue,
2330And all good men of this vngouerned Ile.
Glo. I do suspect I haue done some offence,
That seemes disgracious in the Citties eies,
And that you come to reprehend my ignorance.
Buck. You haue my Lord, would it please your grace
At our entreaties to amend that fault.
Glo. Else wherefore breath I in a Christian land?
Buck. Then know it is your fault that you resigne
The supreame seat, the throne maiesticall,
2340The sceptred office of your auncestors,
The lineall glorie of your roiall house,
To the corruption of a blemisht stocke:
Whilst in the mildnesse of your sleepie thoughts,
2345Which here we waken to our countries good,
This noble Ile doth want her proper limbes,
Her face defac't with scars of infamie,
And almost shouldred in the swallowing gulph,
2350Of blind forgetfulnesse and darke obliuion,
Which to recure we hartily solicit,
Your gratious selfe to take on you the soueraingtie thereof,
Not as Protector steward substitute,
of Richard the third.
2355Or lowlie factor for anothers gaine:
But as successiuelie from bloud to bloud,
Your right of birth, your Emperie, your owne:
For this consorted with the Citizens
Your verie worshipfull and louing frinds,
2360And by their vehement instigation,
In this iust suite come I to moue your grace.
Glo. I know not whether to depart in silence,
Or bitterlie to speake in your reproofe,
Best fitteth my degree or your condition:
2375Your loue deserues my thanks, but my desert
Vnmeritable shunes your high request,
First if all obstacles were cut awaie,
And that my path were euen to the crown,
As my ripe reuenew and dew by birth,
2380Yet so much is my pouerty of spirit,
So mightie and so many my defects,
As I had rather hide me from my greatnes,
Beeing a Barke to brooke no mightie sea,
Then in my greatnes couet to be hid,
2385And in the vapour of my glorie smotherd:
But God be thanked there's no need of me,
And much I need to helpe you if need were,
The roiall tree hath left vs roiall fruit,
Which mellowed by the stealing houres of time,
2390Will well become the seat of maiestie,
And make no doubt vs happie by his raigne,
On him I laie what you would laie on me:
The right and fortune of his happie stars,
Which God defend that I should wring from him.
2395Buck. My lord, this argues conscience in your grace,
But the respects thereof are nice and triuiall,
All circumstances well considered:
You saie that Edward is your brothers sonne,
So saie we to, but not by Edwards wife,
2400For first he was contract to lady Lucy,
Your mother liues a witnesse to that vowe,
And afterward by substitute betrothed
H.2 To
The Tragedy
To Bona sister to the king of Fraunce,
These both put by a poore petitioner
2405A care-crazd mother of a many children,
A beauty-waining and distressed widow,
Euen in the afternoone of her best daies
Made prise and purchase of his lustfull eye,
Seduc't the pitch and height of al his thoughts,
2410To base declension and loathd bigamie,
By her in his vnlawfull bed he got.
This Edward whom our maners terme the prince,
More bitterlie could I expostulate,
Saue that for reuerence to some aliue
2415I giue a sparing limit to my tongue:
Then good my Lord, take to your royall selfe,
This proffered benefit of dignitie:
If not to blesse vs and the land withall,
Yet to draw out your royall stocke,
2420From the corruption of abusing time,
Vnto a lineall true deriued course.
Maior. Do good my Lord, your Cittizens entreat you.
Cates. O make them ioifull grant their lawful suite.
2425Glo. Alas, why would you heape these cares on me,
I am vnfit for state and dignitie,
I do beseech you take it not amisse,
I cannot nor I will not yeeld to you.
Buck. If you refuse it as in loue and zeale,
2430Loath to depose the child your brothers sonne,
As well we know your tendernes of heart,
And gentle kind effeminate remorse,
Which wee haue noted in you to your kin,
And egallie indeed to all estates,
2435Yet whether you accept our suite or no,
Your brothers sonne shall neuer raigne our king,
But we will plant some other in the throane,
To the disgrace and downfall of your house:
And in this resolution here we leaue you.
2440Come Citizens, zounds ile intreat no more.
2440.1Glo. O do not sweare my Lord of Buckingham.
of Richard the third.
Cates. Call them againe, my lord, and accept their sute.
Ano. Doe, good my lord, least all the land do rew it.
Glo. Would you inforce me to a world of care:
Well, call them againe, I am not made of stones,
2445But penetrable to your kind intreates,
Albeit against my conscience and my soule,
Coosin of Buckingham, and you sage graue men,
Since you will buckle fortune on my backe,
2450To beare her burthen whether I will or no,
I must haue patience to indure the lode,
But if blacke scandale or soule-fac't reproch
Attend the sequell of your imposition,
Your meere inforcement shall acquittance mee
2455From all the impure blots and staines thereof,
For God he knowes, and you may partly see,
How farre I am from the desire thereof.
Mayor. God blesse your grace, we see it, and will say it.
2460Glo. In saying so, you shall but say the truth.
Buck. Then I salute you with this kingly title:
Long liue Richard, Englands royall king.
Mayor. Amen.
Buck To morrow will it please you to be crown'd.
2465Glo. Euen when you will, since you will haue it so.
Buck. To morrow then we will attend your grace.
Glo. Come, let vs to our holy taske againe :
Farewel good coosine, farwel gentle friends. Exeunt.
Enter Quee. mother, Duchesse of Yorke, Marques Dorset, at
one doore, Duchesse of Glocest. at another doore.
Duch. Who meets vs heere, my neece Plantagenet?
Qu. Sister well met, whether awaie so fast?
Duch. No farther then the Tower, and as I ghesse
Vpon the like deuotion as your selues,
To gratulate the tender Princes there.
2485Qu. Kind sister thanks, weele enter al togither, Enter Lieutenant.
And in good time here the Lieutenant comes.
M. Lieutenant, pray you by your leaue,
How fares the Prince?
2490Lieu. Wel Madam, and in health, but by your leaue,
H3 I
The Tragedie
I may not suffer you to visite him,
The King hath straightlie charged the contrarie.
Qu. The King? whie, whose that?
Lieu. I crie you mercie, I meane the Lord protector.
2495Qu. The Lord protect him from that Kinglie title:
Hath he set boundes betwixt their loue and me:
I am their mother, who should keepe me from them?
Du.yor. I am their Fathers, Mother, I will see them.
2500Duch.glo. Their aunt I am in law, in loue their mother:
Then feare not thou, Ile beare thy blame,
And take thy office from thee on my perill.
Lieu. I doe beseech your graces all to pardon me:
I am bound by oath, I may not doe it. Enter L. Stanlie.
Stan. Let me but meete you Ladies an houre hence,
And Ile salute your grace of Yorke, as Mother :
And reuerente looker on, of two faire Queenes.
2510Come Madam, you must go with me to Westminster,
There to be crowned, Richards royall Queene.
Qu O cut my lace in sunder, that my pent heart,
May haue some scope to beate, or else I sound,
With this dead killing newes.
Dor. Madam, haue comfort, how fares your grace?
Qu O Dorset speake not to me, get thee hence,
Death and destruction dogge thee at the heeles,
2520Thy Mothers name is ominous to children,
If thou wilt outstrip death, go crosse the seas,
And liue with Richmond, from the reach of hell,
Go hie thee, hie thee from this slaughter house,
Least thou increase the number of the dead,
2525 And make me die the thrall of Margarets cursse,
Nor Mother, Wife, nor Englands counted Queene.
Stan. Full of wise care is this your counsell Madam,
Take all the swift aduantage of the time,
You shall haue letters from me to my sonne,
2530To meete you on the way, and welcome you,
Be not tane tardie, by vnwise delaie:
Duch. yor. O ill dispersing winde of miserie,
O my accursed wombe, the bed of death,
A Coca
of Richard the third.
A Cocatrice hast thou hatch to thc world,
2535Whose vnauoided eye is murtherous.
Stan. Come Madam, I in all hast was sent.
Duch. And I in all vnwillingnes will go,
I would to God that the inclusiue verge,
Of golden mettall that must round my browe,
2540were red hotte steele to seare me to the braine,
Annointed let me be with deadlie poyson,
And die, ere men can say, God saue the Queene.
Qu. Alas poore soule, I enuie not thy glorie,
To feede my humor, wish rhy selfe no harme.
2545Duch.glo. No, when he that is my husband now,
Came to me as I followed Henries course,
When scarse the bloud was well washt from his handes,
Which issued from my other angel husband,
And that dead saint, which then, I weeping followed,
2550O, when I say, I lookt on Richatds face,
This was my wish, be thou quoth I accurst,
For making me so young, so olde a widow,
And when thou wedst, let sorrow haunt thy bed,
And be thy wife, if any be so madde,
2555As miserable by the death of thee,
As thou hast made me by my deare Lordes death,
Loe, eare I can repeate this curse againe,
Euen in so short a space, my womans hart,
Grosselie grewe captiue to his honie wordes,
2560And prou'd the subiecte of my owne soules curse,
Which euer since hath kept my eyes from sleepe,
For neuer yet, one houre in his bed,
Haue I enioyed the golden dew of sleepe,
But haue bene waked by his timerous dreames,
2565Besides, he hates me for my father Warwicke,
And will no doubt, shortlie be rid of me.
Qu. Alas poore soule, I pittie thy complaints.
Duch. glo. No more then from my soule I mourne for yours.
2570Dor. Farewell, thou wofull welcomer of glorie.
Duch.glo. Adew poore soule, thou takst thy leaue of it.
Du.yor. Go thou to Richmond, and good fortune guide thee.
The Tragedie
Go thou to Richard, and good Angels garde thee,
2575Go thou to sanctuarie, good thoughts possesse thee,
I to my graue where peace and rest lie with me,
Eightie odde yeares of sorrow haue I seene,
And each houres ioy wrackt with a weeke of teene.
The Trumpets sound, Enter Richard crownd, Bucking-
ham, Catesby with other Nobles.
2590King Stand al apart. Coosin of Buckingham,
Giue me thy hand: Here he ascendeth the throne.
Thus high by thy aduice
And thy assistance is king Richard seated:
2595But shal we weare these honours for a day?
Or shall they last, and we reioice in them.
Buc. Stil liue they, and for euer may they last.
King Ri. O Buckingham, now do I plaie the touch,
To trie if thou be currant gold indeed:
2600Young Edward liues: thinke now what I would say.
Buc. Saie on my gracious soueraigne.
King Whie Buckingham, I saie I would be king.
Buc. Whie so you are my thrice renowned liege.
King Ha: am I king? tis so, but Edward liues.
2605Buc. True noble prince.
King O bitter consequence,
That Edward stil should liue true noble prince.
Coosin, thou wert not wont to be so dul:
Shal I be plaine? I wish the bastards dead,
2610And I would haue it suddenlie performde.
What saist thou? speake suddenlie, be briefe.
Buc. Your grace may doe your pleasure.
King Tut, tut, thou art all yce, thy kindnesse freezeth,
Saie, haue I thy consent that they shal die?
2615Buc. Giue me some breath, some little pause my lord,
Before I positiuelie speake herein:
I wil resolue your grace immediatlie. Exit.
Cates. The king is angrie, see, he bites the lip.
King I wil conuerse with iron witted fooles
2620And vnrespectiue boies, none are for me
That looke into me with considerate eies :
of Richard the third.
Boy, high reaching Buckingham growes circumspect.
Boy. My Lord.
2625King. Knowst thou not any whom corrupting gold
Would tempt vnto a close exploit of death.
Boy. My lord, I know a discontented gentleman,
Whose humble meanes match not his haughtie mind,
Gould were as good as twentie Orators,
2630And will no doubt tempt him to any thing.
King. What is his name.
Boy. His name my Lord is Tirrell.
King. Go call him hither presentlie,
2635The deepe reuoluing wittie Buckingham,
No more shall be the neighbour to my counsell,
Hath he so long held out with me vntirde
And stops he nowe for breath? Enter Darby.
2640How now, what neewes with you?
Darby. My Lord, I heare the Marques Dorset
Is fled to Richmond, in those partes beyond the seas where he
King. Catesby. Cat. My Lord.
King. Rumor it abroad
2645That Anne my wife is sicke and like to die,
I will take order for her keeping close:
Enquire me out some meane borne gentleman,
Whom I will marrie straight to Clarence daughter,
The boy is foolish, and I feare not him:
2650Looke how thou dreamst: I say againe giue out
That Anne my wife is sicke and like to die.
About it, for it stands me much vpon
To stop all hopes whose growth may damadge me,
I must be married to my brothers daughter,
2655Or else my kingdome stands on brittle glasse,
Murther her brothers, and then marrie her,
Vncertaine waie of gaine, but I am in
So far in bloud that sinne will plucke on sin,
Teare falling pittie dwels not in this eie. Enter Tirrel.
Is thy name Tirrill?
Tyr. Iames Tirrell and your most obedient subiect.
I King.
The Tragedy
King Art thou indeed?
Tir. Proue me my gracious soueraigne,
2665King Darst thou resolue to kill a friend of mine?
Tir. I my Lord, but I had rather kill two enemies.
King Why there thou hast it two deepe enemies,
Foes to my rest, and my sweet sleepes disturbs,
2670Are they that I would haue thee deale vpon:
Tirrel I meane those bastards in the tower.
Tir. Let me haue open meanes to come to them,
And soone ile rid you from the feare of them.
King Thou singst sweet musicke. Come hither Tirrel,
Go by that token, rise and lend thine eare, he wispers in his eare.
Tis no more but so, saie is it done,
And I will loue thee and prefer thee too.
Tir. Tis done my gracious lord.
2679.1 KingShal we heare from thee Tirrel ere we sleep? Enter Buc.
Tir. Ye shall my lord,
Buck. My lord, I haue considered in my mind,
The late demand that you did sound me in.
King Well, let that passe, Dorset is fled to Richmond.
Buck I heare that newes my lord.
2685King Stanley he is your wifes sonnes. Wel looke to it.
Buck. My lord, I claime your gift, my dew by promise,
For which your honor and your faith is pawnd,
The Earledome of Herford and the moueables,
2690The which you promised I should possesse.
King Stanley looke to your wife, if she conuay
Letters to Richmond you shall answere it.
Buck. What saies your highnes to my iust demand.
King As I remember, Henrie the sixt
2695Did prophecie that Richmond should be king,
When Richmond was a little peeuish boy:
A king perhaps, perhaps.Buck. My lord.
2697.1King How chance the prophet could not at that time,
Haue told me I being by, that I should kill him.
Buck. My lord, your promise for the Earledome.
King Richmond, when last I was at Exeter,
2697.5The Maior in curtesie showd me the Castle,
of Richard the third.
And called it Ruge-mount, at which name I started,
Because a Bard of Ireland told me once
I should not liue long after I saw Richmond.
Buck. My lord.
2697.10King. I, whats a clocke?
Buck. I am thus bold to put your grace in mind
Of what you promisd me.
King. Wel, but whats a clocke?
Buck. Vpon the stroke of ten.
2697.15King. Well, let it strike.
Buck. Whie let it strike?
King. Because that like a Iacke thou keepst the stroke
Betwixt thy begging and my meditation,
I am not in the giuing vaine to day.
Buck. Whie then resolue me whether you wil or no?
King. Tut, tut, thou troublest me, I am not in the vain. Exit.
2700Buck. Is it euen so, rewardst he my true seruice
With such deepe contempt, made I him king for this?
O let me thinke on Hastings and be gone
To Brecnock while my fearefull head is on. Exit.
Enter Sir Francis Tirrell.
2705Tyr. The tyrranous and bloudie deed is done,
The most arch-act of pitteous massacre,
That euer yet this land was guiltie of,
Dighton and Forrest whom I did suborne,
To do this ruthles peece of butcherie,
2710Although they were flesht villains, bloudie dogs,
Melting with tendernes and kind compassion,
Wept like two children in their deaths sad stories:
Lo thus quoth Dighton laie those tender babes,
Thus thus quoth Forrest girdling on another,
2715Within their innocent alablaster armes,
Their lips were foure red Roses on a stalke,
Which in their summer beautie kist each other,
A booke of praiers on their pillow laie,
Which once quoth Forrest almost changd my mind,
2720But oh the Diuell their the villaine stopt,
Whilst Dighton thus told on we smothered
I.2 The
The Tragedy
The most replenished sweet worke of nature,
That from the prime creation euer he framed,
Thus both are gone with conscience and remorse,
2725They could not speake and so I left them both,
To bring this tidings to the bloudie king. Enter Ki. Richard.
And here he comes, all haile my soueraigne leige.
King. Kind Tirrell am I happie in thy newes.
2730Tyr. If to haue done the thing you giue in charge,
Beget your happinesse, be happie then
For it is done my Lord.
King. But didst thou see them dead?
Tir. I did my Lord.
2735King. And buried gentle Tirrell?
Tir. The Chaplaine of the tower hath buried them,
But how or in what place I do not know.
Tir. Come to me Tirre! soone at after supper,
And thou shalt tell the processe of their death,
2740Meane time but thinke how I may do thee good.
And be inheritor of thy desire, Exit Tirrel.
Farewel til soone.
The sonne of Clarence haue I pent vp close,
2745His daughter meanelie haue I matcht in mariage,
The sonnes of Edward sleepe in Abrahams bosome,
And Anne my wife hath bid the world godnight,
Now for I know the Brittaine Richmond aimes
At young Elizabeth, my brothers daughter,
2750And by that knot lookes proudly ore the crowne,
To her I go a iollie thriuing wooer, Enter Catesby.
Cat. My Lord.
King. Good newes or bad that thou comst in so bluntly?
Cates. Bad newes my lord, Ely is fled to Richmond,
And Buckingham backt with the hardie Welchmen,
Is in the field, and still his power increaseth.
King. Ely with Richmond troubles me more neare
2760Then Buckingham and his rash leuied armie:
Come I haue heard that feareful commenting,
Is leaden seruitor to dull delaie,
Delaie leades impotent and snaile-pact beggerie,
Then fierie expedition be my wing,
of Richard the third.
2765Ioues Mercurie and Herald for a king :
Come muster men, my counsaile is my shield,
We must be briefe when traitors braue the field. Exeunt.
2770Enter Queene Margaret sola.
Q.Mar. So now prosperitie begins to mellow
And drop into the rotten mouth of Death:
Here in these confines slilie haue I lurkt,
To watch the waining of mine aduersaries:
2775A dire induction am I witnesse to,
And wil to Fraunce, hoping the consequence
Wil prooue as bitter, blacke and tragical.
Withdraw thee wretched Margaret, who comes here?
Enter the Qu. and the Dutchesse of Yorke.
2780Qu. Ah my young princes, ah my tender babes!
My vnblowne flowers, new appearing sweets,
If yet your gentle soules flie in the ayre
And be not fixt in doome perpetual,
Houer about me with your aierie winges,
2785And heare your mothers lamentation.
Qu.Mar. Houer about her, saie that right for right,
Hath dimd your infant morne, to aged night.
Quee. Wilt thou, O God, flie from such gentle lambes,
And throw them in the intrailes of the Wolfe:
2795When didst thou sleepe when such a deed was done?
Q.Mar. When holie Harry died, and my sweet sonne.
Dutch. Blind sight, dead life, poore mortal liuing ghost,
Woes sceane, worlds shame, graues due by life vsurpt,
2800Rest thy vnrest on Englands lawful earth,
Vnlawfullie made drunke with innocents bloud.
Qu. O that thou wouldst aswel affoord a graue,
As thou canst yeeld a melancholie seate,
Then would I hide my bones, not rest them here:
2805O who hath anie cause to mourne but I!
2805.1Duch. So manie miseries haue crazd my voice
That my woe-wearied toong is mute and dumbe.
Edward Plantagenet, whie art thou dead?
Qu.Mar. If ancient sorrow be most reuerent,
Giue mine the benefite of signorie,
I3 And
The Tragedie
And let my woes frowne on the vpper hand,
If sorrow can admitte societie,
2809.1Tell ouer your woes againe by vewing mine,
2810I had an Edward, till a Richard kild him:
I had a Richard, till a Ricard kild him:
Thou hadst an Edward, till a Richard kild him:
Thou hadst a Richard, till a Richard kild him.
Duch. I had a Richard to, and thou didst kill him:
2815I had a Rutland to, thou hopst to kill him.
Qu.Mar. Thou hadst a Clarence to, and Richard kild him:
From forth the kennell of thy wombe hath crept,
A hel-hound that doeth hunt vs all to death,
2820That dogge, that had his teeth before his eyes,
To worrie lambes, and lap their gentle blouds,
That foule defacer of Gods handie worke,
Thy wombe let loose, to chase vs to our graues,
O vpright, iust, and true disposing God,
How doe I thanke thee, that this carnal curre,
Praies on the issue of his mothers bodie,
And makes her puefellow with others mone.
2830Duch. O, Harries wifes triumph not in my woes,
God witnes with me, I haue wept for thine.
Qu.Mar. Beare with me, I am hungrie for reuenge,
And now I cloie me with beholding it,
Thy Edward, he is dead, that stabd my Edward,
2835Thy other Edward dead, to quitte my Edward,
Yong Yorke, he is but boote because both they
Match not the high perfection of my losse,
Thy Clarence he is dead, that kild my Edward,
And the beholders of this tragicke plaie,
2840The adulterate Hastings, Riuers, Vaughan, Gray,
Vntimelie smothred in their duskie graues,
Richard yet liues, hels blacke intelligencer,
Onely reserued their factor to buie soules,
And send them thether, but at hand at handes,
2845ensues his piteous, and vnpittied end,
Earth gapes, hell burnes, fiendes roare, saintes praie,
To haue him suddenly conueied away.
of Richard the third.
Cancell his bond of life, deare God I pray,
That I may liue to say, the dog is dead.
2850Qu. O thou didst prophecie the time would come,
That I should wish for thee to helpe me cursse,
That botteld spider, that foule bunch-backt toade.
Qu Mar. I cald thee then, vaine floorish of my fortune,
I cald thee then, poore shadow, painted Queene,
2855The presentation of, but what I was,
The flattering Index of a direfull pageant,
One heaued a high, to be hurld downe belowe,
A mother onelie, mockt with two sweete babes,
A dreame of which thou wert a breath, a bubble,
A signe of dignitie, a garish flagge,
2860To be the aime of euerie dangerous shot,
A Queene in ieast onelie to fill the sceane,
Where is thy husband now, where be thy brothers?
Where are thy children, wherein doest thou ioye?
2865Who sues to thee, and cries God saue the Queene?
Where be the bending peeres that flattered thee?
Where be the thronging troopes that followed thee?
decline all this, and see what now thou art,
For happie wife, a most distressed widow,
2870For ioyfull Mother, one that wailes the name,
For Queene, a verie caitiue crownd with care,
For one being sued to, one that humblie sues,
2875For one commaunding all, obeyed of none,
For one that scornd at me, now scornd of me,
Thus hath the course of iustice whe'eld about,
And left thee but, a verie praie to time,
Hauing no more, but thought of what thou wert,
To torture thee the more, being what thou art,
2880Thou didst vsurpe my place, and doest thou not,
Vsurpe the iust proportion of my sorrow,
Now thy proud necke, beares halfe my burthened yoke,
From which, euen here, I slippe my wearie necke,
And leaue the burthen of it all on thee :
2885Farewell Yorkes wife, and Queene of sad mischance,
These English woes, will make me smile in France.
Qu. O
The Tragedie
Qu. O thou wel skild in curses, staie a while,
And teach me how to curse mine enemies.
Qu.Mar. Forbeare to sleepe the nights, and fast the daies,
2890Compare dead happinesse with liuing woe,
Thinke that thy babes were fairer then they were,
And he that slew them fouler then he is,
Bettring thy losse makes the bad causer worse,
Reuoluing this, wil teach thee how to curse.
2895Qu. My words are dul, O quicken them with thine.
Q.Mar. Thy woes wil make them sharp, & pierce like mine.
Du. Why should calamitie be ful of words? Exit Mar.
Qu. Windie atturnies to your Client woes
2900Aerie succeeders of intestate ioies,
Poore breathing Orators of miseries,
Let them haue scope, though what they do impart,
Helpe not at al, yet do they ease the hart.
Duch. If so, then be not toong-tide, go with me,
2905And in the breath of bitter words lets smother
My damned sonne, which thy two sweet sons smotherd,
I heare his drum, be copious in exclaimes.
Enter K. Richard marching with Drummes
and Trumpets.
King Who intercepts my expedition?
2910Duch. A she, that might haue intercepted thee
By strangling thee in her accursed wombe,
From al the slaughters wretch, that thou hast done.
Qu. Hidst thou that forehead with a golden crowne
Where should be grauen, if that right were right,
2915The slaughter of the Prince that owed that Crowne,
And the dire death of my two sonnes, and brothers:
Tel me thou villaine slaue, where are my children?
Duch. Thou tode, thou tode, where is thy brother Clarence?
2920And little Ned Plantagenet, his sonne?
Qu. Where is kind Hastings, Riuers, Vaughan, Gray?
King A flourish trumpets, strike alarum drummes,
Let not the heauens heare these tel-tale women
2925Raile on the Lords annointed. Strike I saie. The trumpets
Either be patient, and intreat me faire,
of Richard the third.
Or with the clamorus report of war:
Thus will I drowne your exclamations.
2930Du. Art thou my son?
King. I, I thanke God, my father and your selfe,
Du. Then patiently here my impatience.
King. Madam I haue a touch of your condition,
Which cannot brooke the accent of reproofe.
Du. I will be mild and gentle in my speach.
King. And briefe good mother for I am in hast.
Du. Art thou so hastie I haue staid for thee,
2940God knowes in anguish, paine and agonie,
King. And came I not at last to comfort you?
Du. No by the holie roode thou knowst it well,
Thou camst on earth to make the earth my hell,
A greuous burthen was thy berth to me,
2945Techie and waiward was thy infancie,
Thy schoele-daies frightful, desperate, wild, and furious.
Thy prime of manhood, daring, bold and venturous,
Thy age confirmed, proud, subtile, bloudie, trecherous,
2950What comfortable houre canst thou name
That euer grac't me in thy companie?
King. Faith none but Humphrey houre, that cald your grace
To breake fast once forth of my companie,
2955If I be so disgracious in your sight,
Let me march on, and not offend your grace.
Du. O heare me speake for I shal neuer see thee more.
King. Come, come, you art too bitter.
Du. Either thou wilt die by Gods iust ordinance,
Eeare from this war thou turne a conqueror,
2965Or I with griefe and extreame age shall perish,
And neuer looke vpon thy face againe,
Therefore take with thee my most heauy curse,