[1.2]

[1.2]

Location: At the court of Duke Frederick.
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170
Enter Rosalind and Celia.
Celia I pray thee, Rosalind, sweet my coz, be merry.

sweet my coz

My sweet cousin. ("Coz" can also mean almost any family relationship or acquaintance.)
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Rosalind Dear Celia, I show more mirth than I am mistress of; and would you yet I were merrier? Unless you could teach me to forget a banished father, you must not 175learn me how to remember any extraordinary pleasure.

mistress of

Possessed of, have at my command.
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learn

Teach.
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Celia Herein I see thou lov'st me not with the full weight that I love thee. If my uncle, thy banished father, had banished thy uncle, the Duke my father, so thou 180hadst been still with me, I could have taught my love to take thy father for mine; so wouldst thou, if the truth of thy love to me were so righteously tempered as mine is to thee.

that

With which.
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so

Provided that.
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truth

True quality, constancy, fidelity, sincerity.
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righteously tempered

Justly compounded, brought to the right blend and balance (in the mingling of two mutual loves).
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Rosalind Well, I will forget the condition of my estate, 185to rejoice in yours.

condition of my estate

State of my fortunes.
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Celia You know my father hath no child but I, nor none is like to have; and, truly, when he dies thou shalt be his heir, for what he hath taken away from thy father perforce I will render thee again in affection. By 190mine honor, I will; and when I break that oath, let me turn monster. Therefore, my sweet Rose, my dear Rose, be merry.

like

Likely.
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perforce

(1) forcibly (as applied to Duke Frederick's usurpation); (2) of necessity (as applied to Celia's insistence that she will establish Rosalind in her rightful claim).
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again

Back again, in return.
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Rosalind From henceforth I will, coz, and devise sports. Let me see, what think you of falling in love?

sports

Pastimes, games.
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195 Celia Marry, I prithee, do, to make sport withal; but love no man in good earnest, nor no further in sport neither than with safety of a pure blush thou mayst in honor come off again.

make sport withal

(1) enjoy a pleasant pastime; (2) make fun of the business; (2) dally amorously.
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in sport

Not seriously, just for kicks. Further wordplay on "sport."
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neither

Either.
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pure

(1) mere; (2) innocent.
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come off

Cease, detach yourself.
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Rosalind What shall be our sport, then?
200 Celia Let us sit and mock the good housewife Fortune from her wheel, that her gifts may henceforth be bestowed equally.

housewife Fortune

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Rosalind I would we could do so, for her benefits are mightily misplaced, and the bountiful blind woman 205doth most mistake in her gifts to women.

would

Wish.
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bountiful blind woman

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Celia 'Tis true, for those that she makes fair she scarce makes honest, and those that she makes honest she makes very ill-favoredly.

fair

Beautiful.
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scarce

(1) seldom, scarcely ever; (2) scarcely, scantily.
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honest

Chaste.
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ill-favoredly

Ugly.
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Rosalind Nay, now thou goest from Fortune's office to Nature's: 210Fortune reigns in gifts of the world, not in the lineaments of Nature.

office

Exercise of function and position.
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gifts of the world

I.e. wealth and power.
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lineaments

Distinctive features, often particularly the face.
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Enter [Touchstone the] Clown.

Touchstone

See Names of the Characters. "Clown" here signifies a fool or jester comic stage type.
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Celia No? When Nature hath made a fair creature, may she not by Fortune fall into the fire? Though Nature 215hath given us wit to flout at Fortune, hath not Fortune sent in this fool to cut off the argument?

she

The woman made beautiful by Nature.
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flout

Scoff, mock.
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Rosalind Indeed, there is Fortune too hard for Nature, when Fortune makes Nature's natural the cutter-off of Nature's wit.

there

In that instance.
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natural

Natural-born half-wit, here referring to Touchstone.
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the cutter-off of Nature's wit

I.e. the interrupter of our witty conversation in which we employ the wit that Nature gave us.
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220Celia Peradventure this is not Fortune's work neither, but Nature's, who perceiveth our natural wits too dull to reason of such goddesses, and hath sent this natural for our whetstone; for always the dullness of the fool is the whetstone of the wits. -- How now, wit, whither wander you?225

Peradventure

Perchance, perhaps.
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neither

Either.
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reason of such goddesses

Discourse about Fortune and Nature.
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whetstone

A shaped stone used for giving a smooth edge to cutting tools when they have been ground; hence, something that sharpens the wits as in TLN 224.
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wit, whither wander you?

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Touchstone Mistress, you must come away to your father.
Celia Were you made the messenger?
Touchstone No, by mine honor, but I was bid to come for you.

No . . . you

Touchstone comically regards the office of "messenger" as beneath his dignity. He has come as a personal favor.
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by . . . mustard

Touchstone parodies the art of prevarication, i.e. swearing an oath while retaining in one's mind a secret sense in which the oath is not binding. The idea here is that a person is not forsworn if, having no honor in the first place, he swears that he is telling the truth "on his honor" but then breaks that oath by lying; one cannot swear by something that doesn't exist.
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Rosalind Where learned you that oath, fool?
230Touchstone Of a certain knight that swore by his honor they were good pancakes, and swore by his honor the mustard was naught. Now I'll stand to it, the pancakes were naught and the mustard was good, and yet was not the knight forsworn.

pancakes

Thin flat cakes made of flour and butter and fried in a pan. They often were filled with meats and other ingredients for which mustard would be an appropriate condiment.
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naught

Worthless.
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stand to it

Affirm, maintain, uphold, stand by what I say.
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forsworn

Perjured.
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235Celia How prove you that, in the great heap of your knowledge?
Rosalind Ay, marry, now unmuzzle your wisdom.
Touchstone Stand you both forth now. Stroke your chins, and swear by your beards that I am a knave.
240Celia By our beards, if we had them, thou art.
Touchstone By my knavery, if I had it, then I were; but if you swear by that that is not, you are not forsworn. No more was this knight, swearing by his honor, for he never had any; or if he had, he had sworn it away before 245ever he saw those pancakes or that mustard.
Celia Prithee, who is't that thou mean'st?
Touchstone One that old Frederick, your father, loves.
Celia My father's love is enough to honor him. Enough, speak no more of him; you'll be whipped for taxation one 250of these days.

My . . . days

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taxation

Censuring, finding fault.
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Touchstone The more pity that fools may not speak wiselywhat wise men do foolishly.

The more . . . foolishly

It's a shame that fools are not allowed to say, with their fools' wisdom, what foolish things are done by supposedly wise people.
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Celia By my troth, thou sayest true; for since the little wit that fools have was silenced, the little foolery that 255wise men have makes a great show. Here comes Monsieur Le Beau.

troth

Faith, honesty.
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since . . . silenced

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Enter Le Beau.
Rosalind With his mouth full of news.
Celia Which he will put on us as pigeons feed their 260young.

put

Force, as in force feeding.
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Rosalind Then shall we be news-crammed.
Celia All the better; we shall be the more marketable. -- Bonjour, Monsieur Le Beau. What's the news?

marketable

Fattened up and hence ready for sale.
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Le Beau Fair princess, 265you have lost much good sport.
Celia Sport? Of what color?

color

Kind, semblance, complexion, appearance.
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Le Beau What color, madam? How shall I answer you?

How . . . you?

How am I to understand your question?
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Rosalind As wit and fortune will.

As wit and fortune will

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270Touchstone Or as the Destinies decrees.

Destinies decrees

The Destinies are the three Fates or Parcae that spin, draw off, and cut the threads of life.
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Celia Well said. That was laid on with a trowel.

laid on with a trowel

I.e. expressed coarsely or bluntly, as if using a tool for applying thick mortar where a more delicate instrument would better serve.
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Touchstone Nay, if I keep not my rank --

rank

I.e. status as a wit; with possible additional meaning of keeping things in a row, like bricks.
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Rosalind Thou loosest thy old smell.

Thou loosest

You set loose, release.
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Le Beau You amaze me, ladies. I would have told 275you of good wrestling, which you have lost the sight of.

amaze

Perplex, confuse, bewilder.
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Rosalind Yet tell us the manner of the wrestling.
Le Beau I will tell you the beginning, and, if it please Your Ladyships, you may see the end, for the best is yet to do, and here, where you are, they are coming to 280perform it.

the best is yet to do

The best is still to be done.
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Celia Well, the beginning, that is dead and buried.

Well . . . buried

I.e. Well, tell us what has already occurred.
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Le Beau There comes an old man and his three sons --

There comes

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Celia I could match this beginning with an old tale.

tale

With a possible pun on "tail" as in "tail end," playing on the antithesis of "beginning" and "tail end."
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Le Beau Three proper young men, of excellent growth 285and presence.

proper

Handsome.
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growth

Stature; possibly also, "growth of beard."
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presence

Demeanor, carriage.
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Rosalind With bills on their necks: "Be it known unto all men by these presents --"

bills

Proclamations.
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presents

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Le Beau The eldest of the three wrestled with Charles, the Duke's wrestler, which Charles in a moment threw 290him and broke three of his ribs, that there is little hope of life in him. So he served the second, and so the third. Yonder they lie, the poor old man their father making such pitiful dole over them that all the beholders take his part with weeping.

which

Whom (referring to the eldest son).
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that

So that.
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So

Similarly.
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dole

Lamentation.
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295Rosalind Alas!
Touchstone But what is the sport, monsieur, that the ladies have lost?
Le Beau Why, this that I speak of.
Touchstone Thus men may grow wiser every day. It is the 300first time that ever I heard breaking of ribs was sport for ladies.
Celia Or I, I promise thee.

promise

Assure.
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Rosalind But is there any else longs to see this broken music in his sides? Is there yet another dotes upon 305rib-breaking? -- Shall we see this wrestling, cousin?

any else

Anyone else who.
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see

Experience, have personal knowledge of.
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broken music

Literally, music arranged for different instruments here applied to broken ribs.
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another

Another who.
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Le BeauYou must, if you stay here, for here is the place appointed for the wrestling, and they are ready to perform it.
Celia Yonder, sure, they are coming. Let us now stay 310and see it.
Flourish. Enter Duke [Frederick], Lords, Orlando, Charles, and Attendants

Flourish

A fanfare of trumpets etc. to announce the approach of a person or persons of distinction.
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Duke Frederick Come on. Since the youth will not be entreated, his own peril on his forwardness.

will not be entreated

Refuses to heed advice.
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his own . . . forwardness

Let his own rashness bear the responsibility.
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315Rosalind [To Le Beau] Is yonder the man?
Le Beau Even he, madam.

Even he

That is the man indeed.
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Celia Alas, he is too young; yet he looks successfully.

successfully

Likely to succeed.
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Duke Frederick How now, daughter and cousin? Are you crept hither to see the wrestling?

cousin

I.e. niece. A term used for various relationships.
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Are you crept hither

Have you come here unobserved or stealthily.
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320Rosalind Ay, my liege, so please you give us leave.

liege

Liege lord, the superior to whom one owes feudal allegiance and service.
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so . . . leave

If you will please give us permission.
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Duke Frederick You will take little delight in it, I can tell you, there is such odds in the man. In pity of the challenger's youth I would fain dissuade him, but he will not be entreated. Speak to him, ladies; see if you can 325move him.

there . . . man

The odds favor Charles so heavily.
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In pity of

Out of compassion for.
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fain

Willingly.
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Celia Call him hither, good Monsieur Le Beau.
Duke Frederick Do so. I'll not be by.
[Duke Frederick stands aside.]
Le Beau [To Orlando] Monsieur the Challenger, the Princess calls for you.

the Princess calls

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330Orlando [Approaching Rosalind and Celia] I attend them with all respect and duty.
Rosalind Young man, have you challenged Charles the wrestler?
Orlando No, fair princess, he is the general challenger. I come but in, as others do, to try with him the strength 335of my youth.

the general challenger

The one who is ready to take on all comers.
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come but in

Merely enter the competition.
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try

Test.
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Celia Young gentleman, your spirits are too bold for your years. You have seen cruel proof of this man's strength. If you saw yourself with your eyes, or knew yourself with your judgment, the fear of your adventure 340would counsel you to a more equal enterprise. We pray you, for your own sake, to embrace your own safety and give over this attempt.

If . . . judgment

If you examined yourself objectively.
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fear

Capability of inspiring fear, formidableness.
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equal enterprise

Contest in which the odds would be more equal.
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embrace

Compass, gain as an object of desire.
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Rosalind Do, young sir. Your reputation shall not therefore be misprized. We will make it our suit to the Duke that 345the wrestling might not go forward.

misprized

Held in contempt, scorned.
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Orlando I beseech you, punish me not with your hard thoughts, wherein I confess me much guilty to deny so fair and excellent ladies anything. But let your fair eyes and gentle wishes go with me to my trial, 350wherein if I be foiled, there is but one shamed that was never gracious; if killed, but one dead that is willing to be so. I shall do my friends no wrong, for I have none to lament me; the world no injury, for in it I have nothing. Only in the world I fill up a place, which may be better 355supplied when I have made it empty.

wherein

In respect of which.
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me

Myself.
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much

Very.
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to deny

In denying.
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fair

(1) attractive; (2) favorable.
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foiled

Defeated, overthrown. See note at TLN 129.
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gracious

Enjoying grace or favor, winning goodwill; full of the graces.
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friends

Supporters; relatives.
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Only . . . I

In the world I merely.
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Rosalind The little strength that I have, I would it were with you.
Celia And mine, to eke out hers.

eke out

Supplement, supply the deficiency of.
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Rosalind Fare you well. Pray heaven I be deceived in you!

be deceived in you

Am wrongfully underestimating your ability as a wrestler.
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360Celia Your heart's desires be with you!

Your . . . you

May your achieve your heart's desires.
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Charles Come, where is this young gallant that is so desirous to lie with his mother earth?

gallant

Dashing young fellow, man about town. (Said sardonically.)
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to lie . . . earth

(1) to lie flat, having been thrown; (2) to lie in the grave; (3) to make love to his mother, enter her body.
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Orlando Ready, sir, but his will hath in it a more modest working.

his will . . . working

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365Duke Frederick You shall try but one fall.

fall

A bout of wrestling, in which one contestant is thrown on his back by his opponent.
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Charles No, I warrant Your Grace you shall not entreat him to a second, that have so mightily persuaded him from a first.

warrant

Assure.
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Your Grace

A courtesy title originally used in addressing a king or queen, but sometimes also applied to a duke or duchess or an archbishop.
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entreat

Persuade.
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Orlando You mean to mock me after; you should not 370have mocked me before. But come your ways.

You mean . . . before

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come your ways

Come on, come along.
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Rosalind Now, Hercules be thy speed, young man!

Hercules . . . speed

May Hercules lend you success.
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Celia I would I were invisible, to catch the strong fellow by the leg.

wrestle

Close
[Orlando and Charles] wrestle.
Rosalind Oh, excellent young man!
375Celia If I had a thunderbolt in mine eye, I can tell who should down.

should down

Should fall.
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[Charles is thrown.]
Shout.
Duke Frederick No more, no more.
Orlando Yes, I beseech Your Grace. I am not yet well breathed.

well breathed

Warmed up, put in good wind.
Close
380Duke Frederick
How dost thou, Charles?
Le Beau
He cannot speak, my lord.
Duke Frederick Bear him away. [Charles is carried out.] What is thy name, young man?
Orlando
Orlando, my liege, the youngest son of Sir Rowland 385de Boys.
Duke Frederick I would thou hadst been son to some man else.
The world esteemed thy father honorable,
But I did find him still mine enemy.

still

Always.
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Thou shouldst have better pleased me with this deed

Thou shouldst

You would.
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390Hadst thou descended from another house.

house

Ancestry, family.
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But fare thee well; thou art a gallant youth.
I would thou hadst told me of another father.
Exit Duke [with train, and Le Beau. Rosalind and Celia remain, standing apart from Orlando].
Celia [To Rosalind] Were I my father, coz, would I do this?

coz

Cousin.
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395Orlando [Talking to himself] I am more proud to be Sir Rowland's son,

more proud

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His youngest son, and would not change that calling

change that calling

Exchange that name and station in life, vocation.
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To be adopted heir to Frederick.
Rosalind [To Celia] My father loved Sir Rowland as his soul,
And all the world was of my father's mind.
400Had I before known this young man his son,
I should have given him tears unto entreaties

given . . . entreaties

Added tears to my entreaties that he not wrestle.
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Gentle

Well-born, gracious, courteous.
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Ere he should thus have ventured.
Celia
Gentle cousin,
Let us go thank him, and encourage him.
405My father's rough and envious disposition

envious

(1) malicious, spiteful; (2) full of envy.
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Sticks me at heart.[To Orlando]Sir, you have well deserved.

Sticks

Stabs.
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at heart

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If you do keep your promises in love
But justly as you have exceeded all promise,

But justly

Exactly.
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Your mistress

The woman whom you devotedly love.
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shall

Will surely.
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a chain

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Your mistress shall be happy.
410Rosalind
Gentleman, [Giving him a chain from her neck]
Wear this for me, one out of suits with fortune,

out . . . fortune

(1) out of favor with Lady Fortune; (2) not wearing her livery or official dress.
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That could give more, but that her hand lacks means. [To Celia]

could

Would, is disposed to.
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Shall we go, coz?
Celia Ay. Fare you well, fair gentleman.
[Rosalind and Celia start to leave.]
415Orlando [Aside] Can I not say "I thank you"? My better parts

parts

Qualities, attributes, abilities.
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Are all thrown down, and that which here stands up
Is but a quintain, a mere lifeless block.

quintain

Wooden post, sometimes carved to resemble a Turk or Saracen, used as a target in tilting.
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mere

Sheer, absolute.
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Rosalind [To Celia] He calls us back. My pride fell with my fortunes;
I'll ask him what he would. -- Did you call, sir?

would

Wants.
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420Sir, you have wrestled well, and overthrown
More than your enemies.
Celia Will you go, coz?

Will . . . coz?

Close
Rosalind Have with you. -- Fare you well.

Have with you

Let's go; I'll come with you.
Close
Exit [with Celia].
Orlando What passion hangs these weights upon my tongue?
425I cannot speak to her, yet she urged conference. Enter Le Beau.

urged conference

Openly hinted at a desire for conversation.
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O poor Orlando, thou art overthrown!
Or Charles or something weaker masters thee.

Or . . . or

Either . . . or.
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something weaker

(1) the enervating passion of desire; (2) woman as "the weaker vessel."
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Le Beau Good sir, I do in friendship counsel you
430To leave this place. Albeit you have deserved

deserved

Earned, acquired.
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High commendation, true applause, and love,
Yet such is now the Duke's condition

condition

Temperament, disposition, mood.
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That he misconsters all that you have done.

misconsters

Misconstrues; emphasized on the second syllable.
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The Duke is humorous. What he is indeed

humorous

Moody, peevish, out of humor, headstrong.
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indeed

In reality, as opposed to what can be merely imagined or conjectured about.
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435More suits you to conceive than I to speak of.

conceive

Understand, imagine.
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Orlando I thank you, sir. And pray you tell me this:
Which of the two was daughter of the Duke
That here was at the wrestling?
Le Beau Neither his daughter, if we judge by manners,

manners

Moral character.
Close
440But yet indeed the taller is his daughter.

taller

Close
The other is daughter to the banished Duke,
And here detained by her usurping uncle
To keep his daughter company, whose loves

whose loves / Are dearer

In whose love for each other Celia and Rosalind share a dearer affection.
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Are dearer than the natural bond of sisters.
445But I can tell you that of late this Duke
Hath ta'en displeasure 'gainst his gentle niece,

gentle

Well-born and gracious. As at TLN 403 above.
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Grounded upon no other argument

argument

Basis, reason.
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But that the people praise her for her virtues
And pity her for her good father's sake;
450And, on my life, his malice 'gainst the lady
Will suddenly break forth. Sir, fare you well.

suddenly

Without warning, all of a sudden, violently, at once.
Close
Hereafter, in a better world than this,

in a better world

In better times, but perhaps also with suggestion of the life to come.
Close
I shall desire more love and knowledge of you.

knowledge

Personal acquaintance, intimacy.
Close
Orlando I rest much bounden to you. Fare you well. [Exit Le Beau.]

rest much bounden

Remain very indebted.
Close
455Thus must I from the smoke into the smother;

from . . . smother

Close
From tyrant Duke unto a tyrant brother.
But heavenly Rosalind!

Rosalind!

Close
Exit.