In As You Like It, the "melancholy" Jacques speaks these lines just before Orlando brings the good old man Adam on stage. Jacques must recently have read Timothy Bright's A Treatise of Melancholie.

The passage is spoken in the dialect that Shakespeare would have used:

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Learn more about Elizabethan pronunciation.

Jacques: All the world's a stage,
And all the men and women merely players;
They have their exits and their entrances,
And one man in his time plays many parts,
His acts being seven ages. At first, the infant,
Mewling and puking* in the nurse's arms.
Then the whining schoolboy, with his satchel
And shining morning face, creeping like snail
Unwillingly to school. And then the lover,
Sighing like furnace, with a woeful ballad
Made to his mistress' eyebrow. Then a soldier,
Full of strange oaths and bearded like the pard*,
Jealous in honour, sudden and quick in quarrel,
Seeking the bubble reputation
Even in the canon's mouth. And then the justice,
In fair round belly with good capon* lined,
With eyes severe and beard of formal cut,
Full of wise saws* and modern instances;
And so he plays his part. The sixth age shifts
Into the lean and slippered pantaloon*
With spectacles on nose and pouch on side;
His youthful hose, well saved, a world too wide
For his shrunk shank, and his big manly voice,
Turning again toward childish treble, pipes
And whistles in his* sound. Last scene of all,
That ends this strange eventful history,
Is second childishness and mere oblivion,
Sans* teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans everything.
(As You Like It, 2. 7. 139-167)

According to the Oxford Dictionary, this is the first recorded use of "puke" meaning "to vomit." Previously the word had been used to mean a dignified dark brown color. Not surprisingly, once the new meaning took hold, the previous meaning disappeared rapidly; its last recorded use was in 1615 (As You Like It was written in about 1598).

Close
Bearded like the pard
As hairy as a leopard.
Capon
A capon was a castrated rooster; the capon was considered a delicacy, and may well have been used to bribe officers of the law.
Wise saws
Well-tried proverbs (clichés perhaps), contrasted with modern precedents. The judge is in more than one way well-rounded.
Pantaloon
A reference to the figure of Pantalone in the Italian Commedia dell' Arte tradition. The Pantalone was a foolish figure, made fun of by the other characters.
His
The use of "its" for the neuter possessive pronoun did not become normal until late in the seventeenth century; "his" here is therefore generic in meaning.
Sans
Without (Jaques is affecting some courtly French).
Close
Bearded like the pard
As hairy as a leopard.
Capon
A capon was a castrated rooster; the capon was considered a delicacy, and may well have been used to bribe officers of the law.
Wise saws
Well-tried proverbs (clichés perhaps), contrasted with modern precedents. The judge is in more than one way well-rounded.
Pantaloon
A reference to the figure of Pantalone in the Italian Commedia dell' Arte tradition. The Pantalone was a foolish figure, made fun of by the other characters.
His
The use of "its" for the neuter possessive pronoun did not become normal until late in the seventeenth century; "his" here is therefore generic in meaning.
Sans
Without (Jaques is affecting some courtly French).
Close
Bearded like the pard
As hairy as a leopard.
Capon
A capon was a castrated rooster; the capon was considered a delicacy, and may well have been used to bribe officers of the law.
Wise saws
Well-tried proverbs (clichés perhaps), contrasted with modern precedents. The judge is in more than one way well-rounded.
Pantaloon
A reference to the figure of Pantalone in the Italian Commedia dell' Arte tradition. The Pantalone was a foolish figure, made fun of by the other characters.
His
The use of "its" for the neuter possessive pronoun did not become normal until late in the seventeenth century; "his" here is therefore generic in meaning.
Sans
Without (Jaques is affecting some courtly French).
Close
Bearded like the pard
As hairy as a leopard.
Capon
A capon was a castrated rooster; the capon was considered a delicacy, and may well have been used to bribe officers of the law.
Wise saws
Well-tried proverbs (clichés perhaps), contrasted with modern precedents. The judge is in more than one way well-rounded.
Pantaloon
A reference to the figure of Pantalone in the Italian Commedia dell' Arte tradition. The Pantalone was a foolish figure, made fun of by the other characters.
His
The use of "its" for the neuter possessive pronoun did not become normal until late in the seventeenth century; "his" here is therefore generic in meaning.
Sans
Without (Jaques is affecting some courtly French).
Close
Bearded like the pard
As hairy as a leopard.
Capon
A capon was a castrated rooster; the capon was considered a delicacy, and may well have been used to bribe officers of the law.
Wise saws
Well-tried proverbs (clichés perhaps), contrasted with modern precedents. The judge is in more than one way well-rounded.
Pantaloon
A reference to the figure of Pantalone in the Italian Commedia dell' Arte tradition. The Pantalone was a foolish figure, made fun of by the other characters.
His
The use of "its" for the neuter possessive pronoun did not become normal until late in the seventeenth century; "his" here is therefore generic in meaning.
Sans
Without (Jaques is affecting some courtly French).
Close
Bearded like the pard
As hairy as a leopard.
Capon
A capon was a castrated rooster; the capon was considered a delicacy, and may well have been used to bribe officers of the law.
Wise saws
Well-tried proverbs (clichés perhaps), contrasted with modern precedents. The judge is in more than one way well-rounded.
Pantaloon
A reference to the figure of Pantalone in the Italian Commedia dell' Arte tradition. The Pantalone was a foolish figure, made fun of by the other characters.
His
The use of "its" for the neuter possessive pronoun did not become normal until late in the seventeenth century; "his" here is therefore generic in meaning.
Sans
Without (Jaques is affecting some courtly French).
Close

Footnotes

  1. Puke

    According to the Oxford Dictionary, this is the first recorded use of "puke" meaning "to vomit." Previously the word had been used to mean a dignified dark brown color. Not surprisingly, once the new meaning took hold, the previous meaning disappeared rapidly; its last recorded use was in 1615 (As You Like It was written in about 1598).

  2. What does Jacques mean?

    Bearded like the pard
    As hairy as a leopard.
    Capon
    A capon was a castrated rooster; the capon was considered a delicacy, and may well have been used to bribe officers of the law.
    Wise saws
    Well-tried proverbs (clichés perhaps), contrasted with modern precedents. The judge is in more than one way well-rounded.
    Pantaloon
    A reference to the figure of Pantalone in the Italian Commedia dell' Arte tradition. The Pantalone was a foolish figure, made fun of by the other characters.
    His
    The use of "its" for the neuter possessive pronoun did not become normal until late in the seventeenth century; "his" here is therefore generic in meaning.
    Sans
    Without (Jaques is affecting some courtly French).