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  • Title: Prefatory Materials (Folio 1, 1664)

  • Copyright Internet Shakespeare Editions. This text may be freely used for educational, non-proift purposes; for all other uses contact the Coordinating Editor.
    Author: Ben Jonson
    Not Peer Reviewed

    Prefatory Materials (Folio 1, 1664)

    To the most Noble and Incomparable pair of Brethren,
    30WILLIAM Earl of Pembroke, &c. Lord Chamberlain to the
    Kings most Excellent Majestie;
    And PHILIP Earl of Montgomery, &c. Gentleman to His Ma-
    jesties Bed-Chamber. Both Knights of the most Noble Order of
    the Garter, and our singular good LORDS.
    35 Right Honourable,
    WHilst we study to be thankful in our particu-
    lar, for the many favours we have received
    from your LL, we are faln upon the ill for-
    tune, to mingle two the most diverse things that can
    40be, fear, and rashnesse in the enterprise, and fear of
    the successe. For, when we value the places your H.H.
    sustain, we cannot but know their dignity greater,
    than to descend to the reading of these trifles: and,
    while we name them trifles, we have depriv'd our
    45selves of the defence of our Dedication. But since your
    L.L. have been pleas'd to think these trifles something
    heretofore, and have prosecuted both them, and their
    Authour living, with so much favour: we hope, (that
    they out-living him, and he not having the fate, com-
    50mon with some, to be Executor to his own writings)
    you will use the same indulgence toward them, you
    have done unto their parent. There is a great diffe-
    rence, whether any Book choose his Patrones, or find
    them: This hath done both. For, so much were your
    55L.L. likings of the several parts, when they were
    acted, as before they were published, the Volume ask'd
    to be yours. We have but collected them, and done an
    office to the dead, to procure his Orphanes, Gura-
    dians; without ambition either of self-profit, or fame:
    60only to keep the memory of so worthy a Friend and
    Fellow alive, as was our Shakespeare, by humble
    offer of his Playes, to your most Noble Patronage.
    Wherein, as we have justly observed, no man to come
    near your L.L. but with a kind of religious address;
    65it hath been the height of our care, who are the Pre-
    senters, to make the Present worthy of your H.H.
    by the Perfection. But, there we must also crave our
    abilities to be considered, my Lords. We cannot goe
    beyond our own powers. Countrey hands reach forth
    70Milk, Cream, Fruits, or what they have: and many
    Nations (we have heard) that had not Gummes and
    Incense, obtained their requests with a leavened
    Cake; It was no fault to approach their gods, by
    what means they could: And the most, theugh mean-
    75est of things, are made precious, when they are dedica-
    ted to Temples. In that name therefore, we most hum-
    bly consecrate to your H.H. these remains of your
    servant Shakespeare; that what delight is in them,
    may be ever your L.L. the reputation his, and the
    80faults ours, if any be committed by a pair so careul to
    shew their gratitude both to the living, and the dead,
    as is
    Your Lordships most bounden
    John Heminge,
    85 Henry Condell.
    FRom the most able, to him that can but
    spell. There you are number'd, We
    had rather you were weigh'd. Espe
    cially, when the fate of all Books de-
    90pends upon your capacities: and not of your
    heads alone, but of your Purses. VVell, it is
    now publick, and you will stand for your privi-
    ledges, we know: to read, and censure. Doe so,
    but buy it first; that doth best commend a Book,
    95the Stationer sayes. Then, how odde soever your
    brains be, or your wisdomes, make your silience
    the same, and spare not. Iudge your six-penny
    worth, your shillings worth, your five shillings
    worth at a time, or higher, so you rise to the just
    100rates, and welcome. But, whatever you do, Buy,
    Censure will not drive a Trade, nor make the
    Jack goe. And though you be a Magistrate of
    Wit, and sit on the Stage at Black-Fryers, or
    the Cock-pit, to arraign Playes daily, know, these
    105Playes have had their trial already, and stood out
    all Appeals; and do now come forth quitted ra-
    ther by a Decree of Court, then any purchas'd
    Letters of Commendation.
    It had been a thing, we confesse, worthy to
    110have been wished, that the Author himself had
    liv'd to have set forth, and overseen his own
    Writings; But since it hath been ordain'd other-
    wise, and he by death departed from that right,
    we pray you do not envy his Friends, the office
    115of their care, and pain, to have collected and
    publish'd them; & so to have publish'd them, as
    where (before) you were abus'd with divers
    stoln, and surreptitious Copies, maimed and de-
    formed by the frauds & stealths of injurious Im-
    120postors, that expos'd them: even those, are now
    offer'd to your view cured, and perfect of their
    limbs; and all the rest, absolute in their numbers
    as he conceived them. Who, as he was a happy
    imitator of Nature, was a most gentle expresser
    125of it. His mind and hand went together: And
    what he thought, he uttered with that easiness,
    that we have scarce received from him a blot in
    his Papers. But it is not our Province, who only
    gather his Works, and give them you to praise
    130him. It is yours that read him. And there we
    hope, to your divers capacities, you will find e-
    nough, both to draw, and hold you: for his wit
    can no more lie hid, then it could be lost. Read
    him, therefore; and again, & again: And if then
    135you do not like him, surely you are in some ma-
    nifest danger, not to understand him. And so we
    leave you to other of his Friends, who, if you
    need, can be your guides: if you need them not,
    you can lead yourselves, and others. And such
    140Readers we wish him.
    J. Heminge. H. Condell.