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  • Title: Henry IV, Part 1: Chronology
  • Author: Rosemary Gaby
  • ISBN: 978-1-55058-371-7

    Copyright Rosemary Gaby. This text may be freely used for educational, non-profit purposes; for all other uses contact the Editor.
    Author: Rosemary Gaby
    Peer Reviewed


    A brief chronology of Henry IV' reign and Shakespeare's life

    Some dates are approximate, especially those of the plays.

    1367Births of Richard and Henry, male heirs to the first and third sons of Edward III
    1377Death of Edward III. His grandson, Richard II, becomes king at age of 10
    1386Birth of Henry of Monmouth, later Henry V
    1391Birth of Edmund Mortimer, 5th Earl of March, great grandson to the second son of Edward III, via the female line
    1398Richard II banishes his cousin, Henry Bolingbroke, from England for 10 years. Edmund, Earl of March, declared Richard II's heir
    1399Death of Henry Bolingbroke's father, Duke of Lancaster, 3 February. Richard II seizes Lancastrian estates and banishes Henry for life. By October Richard is deposed and Henry is crowned Henry IV
    1400Death of Richard II at Pontefract castle. Henry IV leads unsuccessful campaign against Scotland. Owen Glendower raises rebellion in Wales
    1402Owen Glendower defeats and captures Sir Edmund Mortimer (uncle to Edmund, Earl of March). Henry Percy (Hotspur) defeats Scots at Battle of Holmedon
    1403The Percy family joins forces with Glendower and Sir Edmund Mortimer against Henry IV. Hotspur's army defeated at Battle of Shrewsbury in July
    1405"Yorkshire Rising," led by Earl of Northumberland, defeated
    1413Death of Henry IV. Accession of Henry V
    1414Lollard rebellion, led by Sir John Oldcastle, suppressed
    1415Henry V defeats French at Agincourt
    1417Sir John Oldcastle captured and executed by hanging and burning
    1419Treaty of Troyes. Henry V marries French princess, Katherine
    1422Death of Henry V. Accession of Henry VI at eight months old
    1455-85"Wars of the Roses": intermittent civil war between houses of Lancaster and York
    1485Henry Tudor defeats Richard III at Battle of Bosworth and is crowned Henry VII
    1485-1509Reign of Henry VII
    1509-47Reign of Henry VIII
    1534Act of Supremacy, declaring Henry VIII head of the Church of England
    1547-53Reign of Edward VI
    1548Edward Hall'sThe Union of the Two Noble and Illustre Families of Lancaster and York
    1553-58Reign of Mary I. Return to Catholicism
    1558-1603Reign of Elizabeth I. Return to Protestantism
    1559The Mirror for Magistrates
    1563Adoption of the Thirty-Nine Articles
    1564William Shakespeare born April 23
    1569Northern Catholic rebellion suppressed
    1576James Burbage builds The Theatre
    1577Raphael Holinshed's Chronicles of England, Scotland and Ireland(revised edn 1587)
    1578John Lyly, Euphues
    1580John Stow's Chronicles of England
    1582Shakespeare marries Anne Hathaway
    1583Birth of Susanna
    1583-84Plots against Elizabeth on behalf of Mary Queen of Scots
    1585Births of Shakespeare's twins, Hamnet and Judith. Earl of Leicester sent to aid the Dutch against the Spanish
    1587Execution of Mary Queen of Scots February 8
    1588At some point, Shakespeare moves to London; family remains in Stratford. War with Spain. The Spanish Armada fleet destroyed in July
    1588-94Shakespeare writes the early comedies and histories and the early tragedy Titus Andronicus
    1592Shakespeare attacked in print by Robert Greene. Christopher Marlowe's Edward II. John Stow's Annals
    1593Venus and Adonis.Death of Marlowe
    1593-1603The Sonnets
    1594Shakespeare joins the Lord Chamberlain's Men. The Rape of Lucrece
    1594-5A Midsummer Night's Dream, Richard II, Romeo and Juliet
    1595Samuel Daniel,The First Fowre Bookes of the Ciuile Wars Between the Two Houses of Lancaster and Yorke
    1596Death of Shakespeare's son, Hamnet, in August. Campaign against Lord Chamberlain's Men's planned Blackfriars theater (November)

    1596-8The Merchant of Venice, Henry IV Parts I and II
    1597Earl of Essex sent to Ireland to put down a rebellion led by the Earl of Tyrone
    1598Publication of anonymous play, The Famous Victories of Henry the Fifth
    1598-9Much Ado About Nothing, The Merry Wives of Windsor
    1599Shakespeare's company moves to the Globe. As You Like It, Henry V, Julius Caesar
    1600-02Twelfth Night, Troilus and Cressida, Hamlet, All's Well That Ends Well
    1601Shakespeare's father dies. Essex's abortive rebellion and his execution
    1603Death of Elizabeth I; coronation of James I, March 24 Shakespeare's company becomes the King's Men
    1603-4Measure for Measure, Othello
    1604James's confrontation of the Puritans at the Hampton Court Conference. Peace with Spain
    1605The Gunpowder Plot foiled November 5
    1605-6King Lear
    1606-7Macbeth, Timon of Athens, Antony and Cleopatra, Pericles
    1609-11Cymbeline, The Winter's Tale, The Tempest
    1613-14Henry VIII, The Two Noble Kinsmen. Shakespeare in retirement, living in Stratford. Globe burns
    1616Death of Shakespeare, April 23