Internet Shakespeare Editions

A 4. Summary of tags (listed alphabetically)

Explanation of "Context" values:

Tag Attribute Description Context
<ABBR> </ABBR> Used to expand old-spelling contractions. primary
expan="[full word]" The word abbreviated. This will eventually permit searches on the word. primary
<ACT> </ACT> Act division as in the modern edition. primary
n="[number]" The number of the act. If the original includes an act division which has been retained, the notation would be thus: </ACT><ACT n="2">
<LD>Actus Secundus</LD>.
<BACKMATTER> </BACKMATTER> Surrounds all sections of an edition that follow the last scene. The actual division(s) of FRONTMATTER are designated by the <DIV> tag, and include (and replace) such items as Epilogue, List of Characters and so on. all texts
<BLL> </BLL> *Black Letter (not to be confused with BL, previously the indication of a blank line). old spelling
<BR/> Forces a line break where no other option is available. To be used with caution. secondary, (+hanging words?)
<C> </C> Centered text. As in HTML this tag applies to a whole line. primary
<CL> </CL> Closing (e.g. Finis). primary
<COL n="0"> </COL> Defines pages with no columns in a document that elsewhere has columns. old spelling
<COL n="1"> </COL> Column 1 (Folio). old spelling
<COL n="2"> </COL> Column 2 (Folio). old spelling
<COLL> </COLL> Surrounds the text for which there is a collation. collations
<CW> </CW> Catchword. primary
<DD> </DD> Definition Data: surrounds the definition. secondary
<DIV> </DIV> Divisions of the FRONTMATTER or BACKMATTER tags, indicating what kind of material follows. all texts
name="[type]" Titlepage | Prologue | Epistle | Dedication | Dumb Show | Epilogue | List of Characters | [etc.]
<DL> </DL> Surrounds the whole Glossary or Definition List. secondary
<DT> </DT> Definition Term: surrounds the word to be glossed. secondary
<EM> </EM> Surrounds words to be emphasized. May be replaced by word processor italics. all texts and apparatus
<EPILOGUE> </EPILOGUE> deprecated
<FONTGROUP> </FONTGROUP> This tag allows the editor to fine-tune font size where necessary, as, for example, on a title page. primary (old spelling only?)
size="1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6" The normal (default) size is "3", the smallest "1" and the largest "6".
<FOREIGN> </FOREIGN> Surrounds a word or phrase in a language other than English. primary
lang="[language]" The name of the language used.
<FRONTMATTER> </FRONTMATTER> Surrounds all sections of an edition that precede the first scene. The actual division(s) of FRONTMATTER are designated by the <DIV> tag, and include (and replace) such items as Prologue, Epistle, Dedication and so on. all texts
<H2...4> </H2...4> Headings in essays and supplementary prose works. Levels to H6 are supported but up to H4 is preferred. modern
<HW> </HW> Hung Word(s). old spelling
t="prev" | "next" The type of hung word indicates whether it appears on the previous or next line from the line it continues.
<I> </I> Italic text. Italics may also be generated in the normal word processor way to assist you in working with a readable text; they will later be converted automatically. all texts and apparatus
<INDENT> </INDENT> Surrounds a passage indented in the original. primary
n="[number]" Indicates the number of m spaces a block of text (verse or prose) is to be indented.
<J> </J> Justified line(s). primary
<L /> Blank line in the old-spelling texts. (Previously tagged <L></L> and even earlier <BL>.) primary
<L /> Line in the modern text. primary
n="[number]" A line in the modern text, with its line number, each scene renumbered from 1.
part= "i" | "m" | "f"> See 4.4.8 on division into lines. Part may optionally be indicated by tabs: one tab = medial, two tabs = final.
<LD> </LD> Literary Division (e.g. Act, Scene.). primary
<LEM> </LEM> Surrounds the lemma for an annotation or collation. The lemma will become the link on the text, and must be wholly accurate, including final punctuation. apparatus
resp="[edition]" Collations only: the abbreviation for the edition, or editor, responsible for the reading contained in the lemma.
<LEVEL> </LEVEL> The level of the note. annotations
n="[number]" Indicates whether the level of annotation is basic (1) or advanced (2). The basic annotation should always be first if both levels are included in a single note. More extended discussions can be added and tagged as level 3. See Appendix 2.6.
<LINEGROUP> </LINEGROUP> Surrounds a pattern of rhyming verse. primary
form="[type]" couplet | coupletSequence | sonnet | quatrain | rhymeSequence
rhyme="[pattern]" rhyming pattern. Used to specify the rhyme pattern for rhymeSequence
<em>Example</em>: < LINEGROUP form="rhymeSequence" rhyme="aabbcddc"> . . . </LINEGROUP >
<LN>[line number]</LN> The line numbers from the modern edition to which a collation or note is linked. The format follows the MLA style: 1.3.33, for example. apparatus
<LS> </LS> Surrounds letter-spaced words (e.g., "G O D"). primary
<MARG> </MARG> Marginalia all texts
loc="[side]" "left" or "right". Which page margin this text appears in
<MODE> </MODE> Indicator of verse or prose. primary
t="[mode]" prose | verse | uncertain
<NOTE> </NOTE> Surrounds the note. apparatus
<ORNAMENT> </ORNAMENT> Ornament. Used for decorative or large font letters only. primary
drop="[number]" Marks this ornament as a drop-capital, and specifies the number of lines to span.
<ORNAMENT/> A printer's ornament. The tag is self-closing. primary
<PAGE></PAGE> Indicates page breaks in the old-spelling texts. old spelling
n="[number]" The "through page number" for the text.
<PN> </PN> Page number as printed. old spelling
n="[number]" Actual page number where it differs from the printed number.
<PROLOGUE> </PROLOGUE> deprecated
<PROP></PROP> Surrounds an annotation that provides information about props to be used in the play, in the location they are needed. primary
item="[object etc.]" A one-word indication of the nature of the item. Where there are more than one in the play (in the case of multiple letters, for example) these should be designate "letter 1" "letter 2" etc.
desc="[description]" A short description of the prop, if needed.
<PROSEQUOTE> </PROSEQUOTE> Prose quotation (e.g. quoted letter). primary
source="[source]" When the passage is a quotation from another source, the source should be recorded.
<QLN/> quarto line number quarto (primary)
<R> </R> Roman type. This tag is used only in texts where the default font is black letter. primary
<RA> </RA> Right Aligned text. This tag can be applied to a separate part of a line, so is the equivalent of a tab rather than right alignment for the whole line. primary
<RDG> </RDG> The reading of an editor or edition for an entry in the collation. One collation may contain multiple variant readings. collation
resp="[edition]" The edition or editor responsible for the reading.
<RT> </RT> Running title. old spelling
<RULE/> Rule. The tag is self-closing. primary
n="[number]" Width of the rule in m-spaces. The default is a full width rule.
<S> </S> Speech. Required in Renaissance texts; in the modern text automatically created by speech prefix, stage direction, or closing scene tag. primary
<SCENE> </SCENE> Scene division as in the modern edition. primary
n="[number]" The number of the scene.
<SD> </SD> Stage Direction. Each line of a split direction in the right hand margin should be tagged separately; directions different in kind should also be tagged separately. primary
t="[type]" entrance | exit | setting | sound | delivery | whoto | action | location | other | optional | uncertain
<SECTION> </SECTION> Section divisions in essays and supplementary works. modern
n="[name of the section]" The name of the section that will appear in the pull-down navigation menu. NOTE: should probably be 'name'.
<SIG> </SIG> Page Signature (appears at the end of the page, where it will be displayed). primary
<SP> </SP> Speaker Prefix. primary
norm="Name" Normalized form of the name; must be included in every instance of a speech prefix, but not in the course of a speech.
<SPACE /> Indicates significant space to be left in the text. The most common instance of this will be in formatting the lines of verse in a song or sonnet, where some lines will be indented further than others. The tag is self-closing. primary
n="[number]" The number of m-spaces should be indicated.
<STANZA> </STANZA> primary
n="[number]" The number of the stanza.
<SWASH> </SWASH> Indicates an ornamental swash letter. DRE texts only. primary
where="before | after" The direction of the swash ornament.
<SUB> </SUB> Subscript characters. all texts and apparatus
<SUP> </SUP> Superscript characters. all texts and apparatus
<TITLEHEAD> </TITLEHEAD> Title page material in quartos; initial heading in Folio. primary
<TLN /> Through Line Number. The basic method of internal reference for the editions will be the TLN number. Where a quarto or modern edition omits material the numbers will be omitted; where they add material the numbers will be added decimally (<TLN n="1033.1"> etc.); where the line division varies from the Folio the TLN number will be that of the first word of the line. The tag is self-closing. primary
n="[number]" The TLN.
<VERSEQUOTE> </VERSEQUOTE> Verse quotation (e.g. song). primary
source="[source]" When the verse is a quotation from another source, the source should be recorded (as in Pistol's quotations from earlier plays).
<WORK> </WORK> The tag that surrounds the entire document. all texts
genre="[type of work]" Can be one of "play | poem | collection | essay | document". deprecated

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